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A comparison of microplastic contamination in freshwater fish from natural and farmed sources

Garcia, Angela; Suarez, Diana; Li, Jiana; Rotchell, Jeanette

Authors

Angela Garcia

Diana Suarez

Jiana Li



Abstract

Contamination of aquatic systems mainly by urbanization and poor sanitation, deficient or lack of wastewater treatments, dumping of solid residues and run off, has led to the presence of particles, including manmade polymers, in tissues of many marine and freshwater species. In this study, the prevalence of microplastics (MPs) in freshwater fish from farmed and natural sources was investigated. Oreochromis niloticus from aquaculture farms in the Huila region in Colombia, and two local species (Prochilodus magdalenae and Pimelodus grosskopfii), naturally present in surface waters were sampled. Of the particles identified, fragments were the predominant type in the three tissue types (stomach, gill and flesh) derived from farmed and natural fishes. Micro-FT-IR spectroscopy was conducted on 208 randomly selected samples, with 22% of particles identified as MPs based on a spectra with a match rate ≥70%. A total of 53% of identified particles corresponded to cellophane/cellulose, the most abundant particle found in all fish. Not all fish contained MPs: 44% of Oreochromis farmed fish contained MPs, while 75% of natural source fish contained MPs in any of its tissues. Overall, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyester (PES) and polyethylene (PE) were the prevalent MPs found in the freshwater fish. A broader variety of polymer types was observed in farmed fish. The edible flesh part of fish presented the lower prevalence of MPs compared to gill and stomach (gut), with gut displaying a higher frequency and diversity of MPs. This preliminary study suggests that the incidence and type of MPs varies in farmed verses natural fish sources as well as across different tissue types, with significantly less detected within the edible flesh tissues compared with stomach and gill tissues.

Citation

Garcia, A., Suarez, D., Li, J., & Rotchell, J. (in press). A comparison of microplastic contamination in freshwater fish from natural and farmed sources. Environmental science and pollution research, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11605-2

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 7, 2020
Online Publication Date Nov 19, 2020
Deposit Date Jan 25, 2021
Publicly Available Date Nov 20, 2021
Journal Environmental science and pollution research
Print ISSN 0944-1344
Publisher Springer Verlag
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-11605-2
Keywords Microplastics; Fresh water; Fish; Pollution; Aquaculture; Colombia
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3659582
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-020-11605-2