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Emerging citizen contributions, roles and interactions with public authorities in Dutch pluvial flood risk management

Forrest, Steven Ashley; Trell, Elen-Maarja; Woltjer, Johan


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Mr Steven Forrest
Lecturer in Flood Resilience and Sustainable Transformations

Elen-Maarja Trell

Johan Woltjer


This article focuses on the emerging role of citizens and their increasing contributions to local pluvial flood risk management in the Netherlands. A qualitative research approach is followed with semi-structured interviews, and analysis of policy documents and media reports. A typology of physical resources and actions, knowledge and advocacy activities shows evidence of locally focused citizen contributions to pluvial flood risk management in the Dutch city of Arnhem. We find that this emerging citizen role is being shaped by traditional authority-led interactions, creative and dialogical approaches to citizen engagement, and citizen-initiated contributions that then interact with authorities.


Forrest, S. A., Trell, E., & Woltjer, J. (2021). Emerging citizen contributions, roles and interactions with public authorities in Dutch pluvial flood risk management. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 37(1), 1-23.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 30, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 11, 2020
Publication Date Jan 2, 2021
Deposit Date May 5, 2021
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal International Journal of Water Resources Development
Print ISSN 0790-0627
Electronic ISSN 1360-0648
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 37
Issue 1
Pages 1-23
Keywords Pluvial flooding; Flood risk management; Citizen initiatives; Netherlands; Authority-citizen interactions; Flood resilience
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Additional Information Peer Review Statement: The publishing and review policy for this title is described in its Aims & Scope.; Aim & Scope:; Received: 2019-06-20; Accepted: 2019-11-30; Published: 2020-03-11


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Copyright Statement
© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License(, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any med-ium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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