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QT peak prolongation predicts cardiac death following stroke

Wong, Kenneth Y K; MacWalter, Ronald S; Wong, Suzanne Y S; Suich, Joseph; Douglas, Denise; Fraser, Hazel W; Ogston, Simon A; Struthers, Allan D

Authors

Kenneth Y K Wong

Ronald S MacWalter

Suzanne Y S Wong

Joseph Suich

Denise Douglas

Hazel W Fraser

Simon A Ogston

Allan D Struthers



Abstract

Cardiac death has been linked in many populations to prolongation of the QT interval (QTe). However, basic science research suggested that the best estimate of the time point when repolarisation begins is near the T-wave peak. We found QT peak (QTp) was longer in hypertensive subjects with LVH. A prolonged “depolarisation” phase, rather than “repolarisation” (T peak to T end) might therefore account for the higher incidence of cardiac death linked to long QT. Hypothesis: We have tested the hypothesis that QT peak (QTp) prolongation predicts cardiac death in stroke survivors. Methods and Results: ECGs were recorded from 296 stroke survivors (152 male), mean age 67.2 (SD 11.6) approximately 1 year after the event. Their mean blood pressure was 152/88 mmHg (SD 29/15mmHg). These ECGs were digitised by one observer who was blinded to patient outcome. The patients were followed up for a median of 3.3 years. The primary endpoint was cardiac death. A prolonged heart rate corrected QT peak (QTpc) of lead I carried the highest relative risk of death from all cause as well as cardiac death, when compared with the other more conventional QT indices. In multivariate analyses, when adjusted for conventional risk factors of atherosclerosis, a prolonged QTpc of lead I was still associated with a 3-fold increased risk of cardiac death. (adjusted relative risk 3.0 [95% CI 1.1 - 8.5], p=0.037). Conclusion: QT peak prolongation in lead I predicts cardiac death after stroke

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 12, 2015
Print ISSN 2373-4396
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 2
Issue 1
Article Number 00050
Institution Citation Wong, K. Y. K., MacWalter, R. S., Wong, S. Y. S., Suich, J., Douglas, D., Fraser, H. W., …Struthers, A. D. (2015). QT peak prolongation predicts cardiac death following stroke. Journal of cardiology and current research, 2(1), https://doi.org/10.15406/jccr.2015.02.00050
DOI https://doi.org/10.15406/jccr.2015.02.00050
Keywords QT peak, Cardiac death, Stroke, Hypertension, Risk-stratification
Publisher URL http://medcraveonline.com/JCCR/JCCR-02-00050.pdf
Additional Information Copy of article: Wong KYK, MacWalter RS, Wong SYS, Suich J, Douglas D et al. (2015) QT Peak Prolongation Predicts Cardiac Death Following Stroke. J Cardiol Curr Res2(1):00050. DOI: 10.15406/jcc.2015.00050

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