Specialist palliative care services response to ethnic minority groups with COVID-19: equal but inequitable—an observational study
Bajwah, Sabrina; Koffman, Jonathan; Hussain, Jamilla; Bradshaw, Andy; Hocaoglu, Mevhibe B; Fraser, Lorna K; Oluyase, Adejoke; Allwin, Caitlin; Dunleavy, Lesley; Preston, Nancy; Cripps, Rachel; Maddocks, Matthew; Sleeman, Katherine E; Higginson, Irene J; Walshe, Catherine; Murtagh, Fliss E M
Mevhibe B Hocaoglu
Lorna K Fraser
Katherine E Sleeman
Irene J Higginson
Professor Fliss Murtagh F.Murtagh@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Palliative Care
Objectives: To develop insights into response of palliative care services caring for people from ethnic minority groups during COVID-19.
Methods: Cross-sectional online survey of UK palliative care services response to COVID-19. Quantitative data were summarised descriptively and χ2 tests used to explore relationships between categorical variables. Free text comments were analysed using reflexive thematic analysis.
Results: 277 UK services responded. 168 included hospice teams (76% of all UK hospice teams). Services supporting those from ethnic minority groups were more likely to include hospital (p<0.001) or home care teams (p=0.008). 34% (93/277) of services had cared for patients with COVID-19 or families from ethnic minority groups. 66% (61/93) of these services stated no difference in how they supported or reached these groups during the pandemic.
Three themes demonstrated impact of policy introduced during the pandemic, including: disproportionate adverse impact of restricted visiting, compounded communication challenges and unmet religious and faith needs. One theme demonstrated mistrust of services by ethnic minority groups, and the final theme demonstrated a focus on equal and individualised care.
Conclusions: Policies introduced during the COVID-19 pandemic may have adversely impacted those from ethnic minority groups making these at-risk populations even more vulnerable. The palliative care response may have been equal but inequitable. During the para-COVID-19 period, systemic steps, including equality impact assessments, are urgently needed.
Bajwah, S., Koffman, J., Hussain, J., Bradshaw, A., Hocaoglu, M. B., Fraser, L. K., …Murtagh, F. E. M. (2021). Specialist palliative care services response to ethnic minority groups with COVID-19: equal but inequitable—an observational study. BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care, bmjspcare-2021-003083. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjspcare-2021-003083
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 17, 2021|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 12, 2021|
|Publication Date||Sep 12, 2021|
|Deposit Date||Dec 3, 2021|
|Publicly Available Date||Dec 3, 2021|
|Journal||BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care|
|Publisher||BMJ Publishing Group|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Medical–Surgical; Oncology(nursing); General Medicine; Medicine (miscellaneous)|
2021 Bajwah Ethnic Minorities COVID
Publisher Licence URL
© The Authors.
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