The influence of exogenous tissue factor on the regulators of proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial cells
Pradier, Amandine; Ettelaie, Camille
Camille Ettelaie C.Ettelaie@hull.ac.uk
Background: The exposure of tissue factor (TF) at the site of injury or trauma is a rapid process that leads to the initiation of blood coagulation as well as homeostatic processes giving rise to vascular repair. Aims and Methods: By exposing human endothelial cells to combinations of exogenous TF and factor VIIa (FVIIa) in serum-free medium, the influence of TF concentrations on cellular proliferation and apoptosis was investigated. Results: Lower concentrations of TF resulted in increased cellular proliferation as well as upregulation of cyclin D1, downregulation of p21 and p27 and induction of tube formation in vitro. Conversely, incubation with higher concentrations of TF resulted in the activation of caspase-3, expression of p53 and Bax, translocation of p53 into the nucleus and induction of DNA fragmentation. Incubation of the cells with TF/FVIIa led to a lower proliferation rate with additional upregulation in p27. Conclusions: TF seems to have a bifunctional role in determining the fate of endothelial cells, depending on the concentration and the interactions of this protein. The release of TF in the locality of the injured tissue makes this protein an ideal factor for ascertaining the level of injury and determining the fate of the cells. Copyright © 2007 S. Karger AG.
Pradier, A., & Ettelaie, C. (2007). The influence of exogenous tissue factor on the regulators of proliferation and apoptosis in endothelial cells. Journal of vascular research, 45(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.1159/000109074
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Online Publication Date||Sep 26, 2007|
|Publication Date||Dec 1, 2007|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF VASCULAR RESEARCH|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Physiology; Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine|
This file is under embargo due to copyright reasons.
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