The aim of this article is straightforward and practical: by utilising elements of routine activity and rational choice theories, it explains how online child sex offenders use the Internet and what can be done to counter the challenge they pose. The discussion opens with definitions of child pornography, child erotica, child exploitation material and paedophilia. Its main objective is to promote online protection of children. It is explained that online child sex offenders and paedophiles use the Internet to create virtual communities; collect, share and trade images; tempt, seduce and groom children. Then the article explores what has been done in the Western world to combat those criminal activities. Successful campaigns against child pornography require shared responsibility and effort by parents, Internet Service Providers (ISPs), legal enforcement and the international community at large. © 2013 The Howard League and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Cohen-Almagor, R. (2013). Online child sex offenders: challenges and counter-measures. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice, 52(2), 190-215. https://doi.org/10.1111/hojo.12006