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MESA and NuGrid simulations of classical nova outbursts and nucleosynthesis

Denisenkov, P. A. (Pavel Alʹbertovich); Herwig, Falk, 1969-; Pignatari, Marco; Truran, James W.

Abstract

Classical novae are the results of surface thermonuclear explosions of hydrogen accreted by white dwarfs (WDs) from their low-mass main-sequence or red-giant binary companions. Chemical composition analysis of their ejecta shows that nova outbursts occur on both carbon-oxygen (CO) and more massive oxygen-neon (ONe) WDs, and that there is cross-boundary mixing between the accreted envelope and underlying WD. We demonstrate that the state-of-the-art stellar evolution code MESA and post-processing nucleosynthesis tools of NuGrid can successfully be used for modeling of CO and ONe nova outbursts and nucleosynthesis. The convective boundary mixing (CBM) in our 1D numerical simulations is implemented using a diffusion coefficient that is exponentially decreasing with a distance below the bottom of the convective envelope. We show that this prescription produces maximum temperature evolution profiles and nucleosynthesis yields in good agreement with those obtained using the commonly adopted 1D nova model in which the CBM is mimicked by assuming that the accreted envelope has been pre-mixed with WD's material. In a previous paper, we have found that 3He can be produced in situ in solar-composition envelopes accreted with slow rates (Ṁ < 10–10 M⊙/yr) by cold (TWD<107 K) CO WDs, and that convection is triggered by 3He burning before the nova outburst in this case. Here, we confirm this result for ONe novae. Additionally, we find that the interplay between the 3He production and destruction in the solar-composition envelope accreted with an intermediate rate, e.g. Ṁ = 10–10 M⊙/yr, by the 1.15 M⊙ ONe WD with a relatively high initial central temperature, e.g. TWD =15×106 K, leads to the formation of a thick radiative buffer zone that separates the bottom of the convective envelope from the WD surface.

Book Type Book Chapter
Publication Date 2014
Journal Stella novae
Peer Reviewed Not Peer Reviewed
Volume 490
Book Title Stella Novae: Past and future decades
ISBN 9781583818640
Keywords Classical novae, MESA, NuGrid
Publisher URL The published chapter is available at http://www.aspbooks.org...etails/?paper_id=36749.
Copyright Statement © 2014 by Astronomical Society of the Pacific

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