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Integrated plasmonic circuitry on a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser platform

McPolin, Cillian P.T.; Bouillard, Jean-Sebastien; Vilain, Sebastien; Krasavin, Alexey V.; Dickson, Wayne; O'Connor, Daniel; Wurtz, Gregory A.; Justice, John; Corbett, Brian; Zayats, Anatoly V.


Cillian P.T. McPolin

Sebastien Vilain

Alexey V. Krasavin

Wayne Dickson

Daniel O'Connor

Gregory A. Wurtz

John Justice

Brian Corbett

Anatoly V. Zayats


Integrated plasmonic sources and detectors are imperative in the practical development of plasmonic circuitry for bio- and chemical sensing, nanoscale optical information processing, as well as transducers for high-density optical data storage. Here we show that vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) can be employed as an on-chip, electrically pumped source or detector of plasmonic signals, when operated in forward or reverse bias, respectively. To this end, we experimentally demonstrate surface plasmon polariton excitation, waveguiding, frequency conversion and detection on a VCSEL-based plasmonic platform. The coupling efficiency of the VCSEL emission to waveguided surface plasmon polariton modes has been optimized using asymmetric plasmonic nanostructures. The plasmonic VCSEL platform validated here is a viable solution for practical realizations of plasmonic functionalities for various applications, such as those requiring sub-wavelength field confinement, refractive index sensitivity or optical near-field transduction with electrically driven sources, thus enabling the realization of on-chip optical communication and lab-on-a-chip devices.


McPolin, C. P., Bouillard, J., Vilain, S., Krasavin, A. V., Dickson, W., O'Connor, D., …Zayats, A. V. (2016). Integrated plasmonic circuitry on a vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor laser platform. Nature communications, 7, 12409.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 29, 2016
Online Publication Date Aug 5, 2016
Publication Date Aug 5, 2016
Deposit Date Jul 19, 2016
Publicly Available Date Aug 5, 2016
Journal Nature communications
Electronic ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Article Number ARTN 12409
Pages 12409
Keywords Plasmonic circuitry
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is a copy of an open access article published in: Nature communications, 2016, v.7.


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Copyright Statement
© The Author(s) 2016. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit

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