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Service multinational enterprises and linkages development in Pakistan

Khan, Zaheer; Park, Jeong-Yang; Akhtar, Pervaiz


Zaheer Khan

Jeong-Yang Park

Pervaiz Akhtar


The development of various types of linkages is key for understanding the impact of multinational enterprises (MNEs) on the economic development of host markets. By utilizing qualitative research approach, this paper investigates the linkages creation by IT MNEs in Pakistan. The findings suggest that these MNEs have created various linkages such as management, technological, diversification and financial linkages. The creation of these linkages was contingent and co-determined by the MNEs' investment motives, their mandates and embeddedness in the host market as well as the local technical capability. The paper highlights the contributions and the implications of these linkages.


Khan, Z., Park, J., & Akhtar, P. (2018). Service multinational enterprises and linkages development in Pakistan. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l'Administration, 35(3), 473-487.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 14, 2016
Online Publication Date Oct 23, 2017
Publication Date Sep 1, 2018
Deposit Date Nov 4, 2016
Publicly Available Date Oct 24, 2019
Journal Canadian journal of administrative sciences
Print ISSN 0825-0383
Electronic ISSN 1936-4490
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 35
Issue 3
Pages 473-487
Keywords FDI; IT industry; Linkages; Pakistan; Service MNEs
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Canadian journal of administrative sciences, 2018. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.


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