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Experimental investigation of the energy performance of a novel Micro-encapsulated Phase Change Material (MPCM) slurry based PV/T system

Qiu, Zhongzhu; Ma, Xiaoli; Zhao, Xudong; Li, Peng; Ali, Samira

Authors

Zhongzhu Qiu

Peng Li

Samira Ali



Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. As a follow-on work of the authors' theoretical study, the paper presented an experimental investigation into the energy performance of a novel PV/T thermal and power system employing the Micro-encapsulated Phase Change Material (MPCM) slurry as the working fluid. A prototype PV/T module of 800mm×1600mm×50mm was designed and constructed based on the previous modelling recommendation. The performance of the PV/T module and associated thermal and power system were tested under various solar radiations, slurry Reynolds numbers and MPCM concentrations. It was found that (1) increasing solar radiation led to the increased PV/T module temperature, decreased solar thermal and electrical efficiencies and reduced slurry pressure drop; (2) increasing the slurry Reynolds number led to the increased solar thermal and electrical efficiencies, decreased module temperature, and increased pressure drop; and (3) increasing the MPCM concentration led to the reduced module temperature and increased pressure drop. The experimental results were used to examine the accuracy of the established computer model, giving a derivation scale ranging from 1.1% to 6.1% which is an acceptable error level for general engineering simulation. The recommended operational conditions of the PV/T system were (1) MPCM slurry weight concentration of 10%, (2) slurry Reynolds number of 3000, and (3) solar radiation of 500-700W/m 2 ; at which the system could achieve the net overall solar efficiencies of 80.8-83.9%. To summarise, the MPCM slurry based PV/T thermal and power system is superior to conventional air-sourced heat pump systems (ASHP) and solar assisted heat pump systems (ISAHP), and has the potential to help reduce fossil fuel consumption and carbon emission to the environment.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Mar 1, 2016
Journal Applied Energy
Print ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 165
Pages 260-271
APA6 Citation Qiu, Z., Ma, X., Zhao, X., Li, P., & Ali, S. (2016). Experimental investigation of the energy performance of a novel Micro-encapsulated Phase Change Material (MPCM) slurry based PV/T system. Applied energy, 165, 260-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.11.053
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.11.053
Keywords Experimental investigation; Energy performance; MPCM slurry; PV/T module; Thermal and electrical efficiencies; Concentration
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261915015032
Additional Information This is the author's accepted manuscript of an article published in: Applied energy, 2016, v.165.

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Copyright Statement
© 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/





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