Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

By the light of the Tao

Humphrey, Caroline


Caroline Humphrey


This article unveils a three-stage model of critical reflection which has emerged from research with social work students and their educators in England. In the first stage we acquire the art of reflection in everyday life-worlds as we process raw experiencing and convert it into transferable learning. In the second stage reflection becomes critical when conjoined to the art of reframing as we access alternative standpoints to reflect more broadly and deeply upon the status quo. In the third stage critical reflection realises itself in practical reform as professionals become change-agents in the world. Beyond this is meta-reflection which is of particular relevance to educators and researchers, and the Tao is invoked at this level as a way of appreciating the complexity of such journeying. © 2009 Taylor & Francis.


Humphrey, C. (2009). By the light of the Tao. European Journal of Social Work, 12(3), 377-390. doi:10.1080/13691450902930779

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 1, 2009
Online Publication Date Sep 17, 2009
Publication Date Sep 1, 2009
Deposit Date Nov 13, 2014
Journal European Journal Of Social Work
Print ISSN 1369-1457
Electronic ISSN 1468-2664
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Pages 377-390
Keywords Social Sciences (miscellaneous); Sociology and Political Science
Public URL

You might also like

Downloadable Citations