© ERS 2016. Chronic breathlessness has wide-ranging, interrelated, physical, psychological, social and existential consequences for those living with it, and for family and friends who care for them. Despite this, the symptom often remains invisible to others. Recognition that breathlessness is a multifaceted symptom with extensive effects is necessary for the symptom to be managed effectively. A full assessment of the effects of breathlessness by a health professional is needed so that the patient and carer are aware that these are legitimate concerns to present to their clinician, thus countering the invisibility of the symptom.
Hutchinson, A. (2016). Patient and carer experience of breathlessness. In C. Bausewein, D. C. Currow, & M. J. Johnson (Eds.), Palliative Care in Respiratory Disease (102-110). European Respiratory Society. https://doi.org/10.1183/2312508X.10011615