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Perfectionistic self-presentation and emotional experiences among student-musicians: A three-wave longitudinal study

Hill, Andrew P.; Burland, Karen; King, Elaine C.; Pitts, Stephanie E.

Authors

Andrew P. Hill

Karen Burland

Stephanie E. Pitts



Abstract

Research has found perfectionism to be related to emotional experiences among amateur, professional, and adolescent musicians. In examining these relationships, previous research has exclusively measured perfectionism as a trait and employed cross-sectional designs. The current study addresses these two limitations by examining whether perfectionistic self-presentation (as opposed to trait perfectionism) predicts negative and positive emotional experiences in student-musicians over time. One hundred and forty-three student-musicians (M age 18.92 years, SD = 2.96) enrolled in the first year of a music-related degree programme at universities in the UK completed a questionnaire measuring perfectionistic self-presentation (perfectionistic self-promotion, nondisplay of imperfection, and nondisclosure of imperfection) and emotional experiences (positive and negative feelings) at the start, middle, and the end of the academic year. Path analysis revealed that perfectionistic self-promotion at the start of the academic year predicted lower positive feelings in the middle of the academic year, and nondisclosure of imperfection in the middle of the academic year predicted lower positive feelings at the end of the year. In addition, negative feelings in the middle of the academic year also predicted lower nondisclosure of imperfection at the end of the academic year. The findings suggest that the desire to present oneself perfectly and hide one’s imperfections may contribute to less positive emotional experiences, but not necessarily more negative emotional experiences, among student-musicians.

Journal Article Type Article
Print ISSN 0305-7356
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Hill, A. P., Burland, K., King, E. C., & Pitts, S. E. (in press). Perfectionistic self-presentation and emotional experiences among student-musicians: A three-wave longitudinal study. Psychology of music, https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735618824155
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/0305735618824155
Keywords Personality; Well-being; Motivation; Emotion; Performance; Performing art
Publisher URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0305735618824155

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