University of Hull logo

The development and validation of the Adolescent Sport Drug Inventory (ASDI) among athletes from four continents [JLE] (2019)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Levy, A., Meir, R., Sanctuary, C., Jones, L., Baghurst, T., …Perry, J. (in press). The development and validation of the Adolescent Sport Drug Inventory (ASDI) among athletes from four continents [JLE]. Psychological assessment,

A significant barrier to understanding the psycho-social antecedents of doping use among adolescent athletes is the lack of valid measures. In order to address this issue, the first aim of this paper was to develop and validate the Adolescent Sport D... Read More

The dark triad in male and female athletes and non-athletes: Group differences and psychometric properties of the short dark triad (SD3) (2019)
Journal Article
Vaughn, R., Madigan, D., Carter, G., & Nicholls, A. (in press). The dark triad in male and female athletes and non-athletes: Group differences and psychometric properties of the short dark triad (SD3). Psychology of sport and exercise, doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.01.002

Objectives: The Short Dark Triad (SD3) is a popular, brief measure of narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy, which are known as the Dark Triad. The present study had two aims. First, to assess the psychometric properties of the SD3 with a foc... Read More

The prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors on technical refinement amongst highly-skilled tennis players (2018)
Journal Article
Toner, J., Carson, H. J., Collins, D., & Nicholls, A. (in press). The prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors on technical refinement amongst highly-skilled tennis players. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-17. doi:10.1080/1612197x.2018.1511621

The present study investigated the prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors amongst a sample of highly-skilled athletes who had previously attempted to refine their technique. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with eight t... Read More

The prevalence of pseudoscientific ideas and neuromyths among sports coaches (2018)
Journal Article
Bailey, R. P., Madigan, D. J., Cope, E., & Nicholls, A. R. (2018). The prevalence of pseudoscientific ideas and neuromyths among sports coaches. Frontiers in Psychology, 9(MAY), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00641

There has been an exponential growth in research examining the neurological basis of human cognition and learning. Little is known, however, about the extent to which sports coaches are aware of these advances. Consequently, the aim of the present st... Read More

The independent and interactive effects of the big five personality dimensions upon dispositional coping and coping effectiveness in sport (2017)
Journal Article
Kaiseler, M., Levy, A., Nicholls, A. R., & Madigan, D. J. (2017). The independent and interactive effects of the big five personality dimensions upon dispositional coping and coping effectiveness in sport. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-17. doi:10.1080/1612197X.2017.1362459

We examined the independent and interactive effects of the Big-Five personality traits on dispositional coping and coping effectiveness among athletes. Participants were 400 athletes (mean age 22.97, s =7.00) from the United Kingdom. The athletes com... Read More

Perceptions of the coach-athlete relationship predict the attainment of mastery achievement goals six months later : a two-wave longitudinal study among F.A. Premier League academy soccer players (2017)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Earle, K., Earle, F., & Madigan, D. J. (2017). Perceptions of the coach-athlete relationship predict the attainment of mastery achievement goals six months later : a two-wave longitudinal study among F.A. Premier League academy soccer players. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00684. ISSN 1664-1078

All football teams that compete within the F. A. Premier League possess an academy, whose objective is to produce more and better home-grown players that are capable of playing professionally. These young players spend a large amount of time with the... Read More

Personality traits and performance enhancing drugs : the dark triad and doping attitudes among competitive athletes (2017)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Madigan, D. J., Backhouse, S. H., & Levy, A. R. (2017). Personality traits and performance enhancing drugs : the dark triad and doping attitudes among competitive athletes. Personality and individual differences, 112, 113-116. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2017.02.062

The use of performance enhancing drugs, also known as doping, can represent a serious threat to an athlete’s psychological and physical health and contravenes the spirit of sport. Scholars identified attitudes towards doping as a crucial factor that... Read More

Evaluation of an online educational tool designed to reduce stress and boost well-being for people living with an ileostomy : a framework analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. (2017). Evaluation of an online educational tool designed to reduce stress and boost well-being for people living with an ileostomy : a framework analysis. International journal of applied psychology, 7(1), 10-18. doi:10.5923/j.ijap.20170701.02

Ileostomies, in which the small intestine is re-directed out of a stoma in the stomach so that waste is collected using a bag, are using to treat conditions such as bowel cancer and Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Previous research has shown that life wi... Read More

Children’s first experience of taking anabolic-androgenic steroids can occur before their 10th birthday: a systematic review identifying 9 factors that predict doping among young people (2017)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Bailey, R., Theodorou, N. C., Andrés, M. P., Kristensen, A. H., Thompson, M. A., …Thompson, M. (2017). Children’s first experience of taking anabolic-androgenic steroids can occur before their 10th birthday: a systematic review identifying 9 factors that predict doping among young people. Frontiers in psychology Frontiers Research Foundation, 8(JUN), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01015. ISSN 1664-1078

Taking performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) can cause serious and irreversible health consequences, which can ultimately lead to premature death. Some young people may take PEDs without fully understanding the ramifications of their actions or based on... Read More

The psychological challenges of living with an ileostomy : an interpretative phenomenological analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Smith, J. A., Spiers, J., Simpson, P., Nicholls, A. R., Nicholls, A., & Smith, J. (2017). The psychological challenges of living with an ileostomy : an interpretative phenomenological analysis. Health Psychology, 36(2), (143-151). doi:10.1037/hea0000427. ISSN 0278-6133

Objectives: Ileostomy, in which the small intestine is re-directed out of an abdominal wall so that waste is collected using a bag, is used to treat conditions including Inflammatory Bowel Disease and colorectal cancer. This paper reports an in depth... Read More

A confirmatory factor analysis of the performance enhancement attitude scale for adult and adolescent athletes (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Madigan, D. J., & Levy, A. R. (2016). A confirmatory factor analysis of the performance enhancement attitude scale for adult and adolescent athletes. Psychology of sport and exercise, 28, (100-104). doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.10.010. ISSN 1469-0292

Objectives: The Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS; Petróczi & Aidman, 2009) is an extensively used questionnaire to assess doping attitudes among adult and adolescent athletes. To date, however, there is limited evidence to support the str... Read More

The development of a new sport-specific classification of coping and a meta-analysis of the relationship between different coping strategies and moderators on sporting outcomes (2016)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Nicholls, A. R., Perry, J. L., & Taylor, N. J. (2016). The development of a new sport-specific classification of coping and a meta-analysis of the relationship between different coping strategies and moderators on sporting outcomes. Frontiers in psychology Frontiers Research Foundation, 7(NOV), (1674-1-1674-14). doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01674. ISSN 1664-1078

There is an ever growing coping and sports performance literature, with researchers using many different methods to assess performance and different classifications of coping. As such, it makes it difficult to compare studies and therefore identify h... Read More

An online educational tool to promote psychological well-being, optimism, and coping self-efficacy among people living with an ileostomy : a pilot study (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Spiers, J., & Simpson, P. (2016). An online educational tool to promote psychological well-being, optimism, and coping self-efficacy among people living with an ileostomy : a pilot study. International journal of applied psychology, 6(5), 156-161. doi:10.5923/j.ijap.20160605.04

We assessed an online educational tool designed for people living with an ileostomy. Thirty-nine participants took part in a 10-week online educational tool, which included elements such as happiness profiling, understanding stress and coping, utilis... Read More

The applicability of self-regulation theories in sport : goal adjustment capacities, stress appraisals, coping and well-being among athletes (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Levy, A. R., Carson, F., Thompson, M. A., & Perry, J. L. (2016). The applicability of self-regulation theories in sport : goal adjustment capacities, stress appraisals, coping and well-being among athletes. Psychology of sport and exercise, 27, (47-55). doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2016.07.011. ISSN 1469-0292

Objectives: We examined a model, informed by self-regulation theories, which included goal adjustment capacities, appraisals of challenge and threat, coping, and well-being. Design: Prospective. Methods: Two hundred and twelve athletes from the Unite... Read More

Football, sport and the development of young people’s life skills (2016)
Journal Article
Cope, E., Bailey, R., Parnell, D., & Nicholls, A. (2017). Football, sport and the development of young people’s life skills. Sport in Society, 20(7), (789-801). doi:10.1080/17430437.2016.1207771. ISSN 1743-0437

The development of life skills has been associated with participation in sport, football and other physical activities. A factor in enabling this ambition to be realized is the actions and behaviors of sports coaches. Drawing on the concept of positi... Read More

The treatment experiences of people living with ileostomies: an interpretative phenomenological analysis (2016)
Journal Article
Spiers, J., Smith, J. A., Simpson, P., & Nicholls, A. R. (2016). The treatment experiences of people living with ileostomies: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. Journal of advanced nursing, 72(11), 2662-2671. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13018

Aims To explore treatment and healthcare experiences of people living with ileostomies, so nurses can build on best practice whilst caring for these patients. Background Ileostomies, in which the small intestine is re-directed out of a stoma in the a... Read More

Perceptions of coach-athlete relationship are more important to coaches than athletes in predicting dyadic coping and stress appraisals: An actor-partner independence mediation model (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., & Perry, J. L. (2016). Perceptions of coach-athlete relationship are more important to coaches than athletes in predicting dyadic coping and stress appraisals: An actor-partner independence mediation model. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(MAR), doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00447. ISSN 1664-1078

Most attempts to manage stress involve at least one other person, yet coping studies in sport tend to report an athlete’s individual coping strategies. There is a limited understanding of coping involving other people, particularly within sport, desp... Read More

Mentally tough athletes are more aware of unsupportive coaching behaviours: Perceptions of coach behaviour, motivational climate, and mental toughness in sport (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Perry, J. L., & Morley, D. (2016). Mentally tough athletes are more aware of unsupportive coaching behaviours: Perceptions of coach behaviour, motivational climate, and mental toughness in sport. International journal of sports science & coaching, 11(2), 172-181. doi:10.1177/1747954116636714

In this study we tested an a priori model that included coach behaviour, motivational climate, and mental toughness among 290 athletes. Structural equation modelling demonstrated that supportive coach behaviours were related to a task-involving clima... Read More

Committed relationships and enhanced threat levels: Perceptions of coach behavior, the coach-athlete relationship, stress appraisals, and coping among athletes (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A. R., Levy, A. R., Jones, L., Meir, R., Radcliffe, J. N., & Perry, J. L. (2016). Committed relationships and enhanced threat levels: Perceptions of coach behavior, the coach-athlete relationship, stress appraisals, and coping among athletes. International journal of sports science & coaching, 11(1), 16-26. doi:10.1177/1747954115624825

The purpose of this study was to assess an a priori model that included perceptions of coach behavior, coach–athlete relationship, stress appraisals, and coping. A total of 274 athletes from the United Kingdom, Austalia, and Hong Kong completed relev... Read More

The model of motivational dynamics in sport : resistance to peer influence, behavioral engagement and disaffection, dispositional coping, and resilience (2016)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Morley, D., & Perry, J. (2016). The model of motivational dynamics in sport : resistance to peer influence, behavioral engagement and disaffection, dispositional coping, and resilience. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 2010-1-2010-9. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02010

The Model of Motivational Dynamics (MMD; Skinner and Pitzer, 2012) infers that peers influence behavioral engagement levels, which in turn is linked to coping and resilience. Scholars, however, are yet to test the MMD among an athletic population. Th... Read More