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Obstetric anal sphincter injury - Prospective evaluation of incidence (1999)
Journal Article
Varma, A., Gunn, J., Gardiner, A., Lindow, S. W., & Duthie, G. S. (1999). Obstetric anal sphincter injury - Prospective evaluation of incidence. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 42(12), 1537-1542. doi:10.1007/bf02236202

PURPOSE An obstetrically damaged anal sphincter is the principal cause of the development of fecal incontinence in otherwise healthy females. Reports suggest that such damage complicates as many as 35 percent of primiparous vaginal deliveries, with 1... Read More about Obstetric anal sphincter injury - Prospective evaluation of incidence.


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