Skip to main content

Rectoanal reflex parameters in incontinence and constipation (2002)
Journal Article
Kaur, G., Gardiner, A., & Duthie, G. S. (2002). Rectoanal reflex parameters in incontinence and constipation. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 45(7), 928-933. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-6331-9

PURPOSE: The transient relaxation of the internal anal sphincter in response to rectal distention is believed to play an important role in the continence mechanism. Most anorectal physiology laboratories merely report the rectoanal inhibitory reflex... Read More about Rectoanal reflex parameters in incontinence and constipation.

Normal female anal sphincter: difficulties in interpretation explained (2002)
Journal Article
Bollard, R. C., Gardiner, A., Lindow, S., Phillips, K., & Duthie, G. S. (2002). Normal female anal sphincter: difficulties in interpretation explained. Diseases of the colon & rectum, 45(2), 171-175. doi:10.1007/s10350-004-6139-7

PURPOSE: Our aims were to quantify the nature, characteristics, and frequency of variations in female anal sphincter anatomy. METHODS: Nulliparous patients from the antenatal clinic and healthy volunteers of both genders were studied. Sphincter lengt... Read More about Normal female anal sphincter: difficulties in interpretation explained.


;