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How the sun protection factor (SPF) of sunscreen films change during solar irradiation (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., Fletcher, P. D., Johnson, A. J., Marinopoulos, I., Crowther, J., & Thompson, M. A. (2017). How the sun protection factor (SPF) of sunscreen films change during solar irradiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, 333, 186-199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotochem.2016.10.027

We have investigated how the sun protection factor (SPF) of different types of sunscreen film varies with “standard” solar irradiation due to photochemical processes. We have used a combination of chemical actinometry, measurement and modelling to es... Read More

Food-grade Pickering stabilisation of foams by in situ hydrophobisation of calcium carbonate particles (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., Muijlwijk, K., Koman, H., & Poortinga, A. T. (2017). Food-grade Pickering stabilisation of foams by in situ hydrophobisation of calcium carbonate particles. Food Hydrocolloids, 63, 585-592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2016.10.002

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of stabilising foam bubbles in water by adsorption of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ) particles. Because CaCO 3 is hydrophilic and not surface-active, particles were hydrophobis... Read More

Combinatorial microfluidic droplet engineering for biomimetic material synthesis (2016)
Journal Article
Bawazer, L. A., McNally, C. S., Empson, C. J., Marchant, W. J., Comyn, T. P., Niu, X., …Meldrum, F. C. (2016). Combinatorial microfluidic droplet engineering for biomimetic material synthesis. Science Advances, 2(10), e1600567-e1600567. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1600567

Although droplet-based systems are used in a wide range of technologies, opportunities for systematically customizing their interface chemistries remain relatively unexplored. This article describes a new microfluidic strategy for rapidly tailoring e... Read More

ABC triblock copolymer worms : synthesis, characterization and evaluation as Pickering emulsifiers for millimeter-sized droplets (2016)
Journal Article
Mable, C. J., Thompson, K. L., Derry, M. J., Mykhaylyk, O. O., Binks, B. P., & Armes, S. P. (2016). ABC triblock copolymer worms : synthesis, characterization and evaluation as Pickering emulsifiers for millimeter-sized droplets. Macromolecules, 49(20), (7897-7907). doi:10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01729. ISSN 0024-9297

Polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) is used to prepare linear poly(glycerol monomethacrylate)-poly(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate)-poly(benzyl methacrylate) [PGMA-PHPMA-PBzMA] triblock copolymer worms or spheres in the form of a concentrated aq... Read More

Pickering emulsions stabilized by coloured organic pigment particles (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., & Olusanya, S. (2017). Pickering emulsions stabilized by coloured organic pigment particles. Chemical science, 8(1), 708-723. doi:10.1039/C6SC03085H

The possibility of stabilizing emulsions of water and non-polar alkane with pure, coloured organic pigment particles is explored. Seven pigment types each possessing a primary colour of the rainbow were selected. Their solubility in water or heptane... Read More

Evaporation of particle-stabilised emulsion sunscreen films (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., Fletcher, P. D., Johnson, A. J., Marinopoulos, I., Crowther, J. M., & Thompson, M. A. (2016). Evaporation of particle-stabilised emulsion sunscreen films. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 8(33), 21201-21213. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b06310

We recently showed (Binks et al., ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b02696) how evaporation of sunscreen films consisting of solutions of molecular UV filters leads to loss of UV light absorption and derived sun protection facto... Read More

Pickering emulsions responsive to CO₂/N₂ and light dual stimuli at ambient temperature (2016)
Journal Article
Jiang, J., Ma, Y., Cui, Z., & Binks, B. P. (2016). Pickering emulsions responsive to CO₂/N₂ and light dual stimuli at ambient temperature. Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 32(34), 8668-8675. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b01475

A dual stimulus-responsive n-octane-in-water Pickering emulsion with CO₂/N₂ and light triggers is prepared using negatively charged silica nanoparticles in combination with a trace amount of dual switchable surfactant, 4-butyl-4-(4-N,N-dimethylbutoxy... Read More

Compartmentalized droplets for continuous flow liquid-liquid interface catalysis (2016)
Journal Article
Zhang, M., Wei, L., Chen, H., Du, Z., Binks, B. P., & Yang, H. (2016). Compartmentalized droplets for continuous flow liquid-liquid interface catalysis. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 138(32), 10173-10183. https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b04265

To address the limitations of batch organic-aqueous biphasic catalysis, we develop a conceptually novel method termed Flow Pickering Emulsion or FPE, to process biphasic reactions in a continuous flow fashion. This method involves the compartmentaliz... Read More

Novel stabilisation of emulsions by soft particles: polyelectrolyte complexes (2016)
Journal Article
Bago Rodriguez, A. M., Binks, B. P., & Sekine, T. (2016). Novel stabilisation of emulsions by soft particles: polyelectrolyte complexes. Faraday Discussions, 191, 255-285. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6fd00011h

We put forward the concept of a novel particle stabiliser of oil-water emulsions being the polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) formed between oppositely charged water-soluble polymers, in cases where either polymer alone is incapable of stabilising an emul... Read More

Evaporation of Sunscreen Films: How the UV Protection Properties Change (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., Brown, J., Fletcher, P. D., Johnson, A. J., Marinopoulos, I., Crowther, J. M., & Thompson, M. A. (2016). Evaporation of Sunscreen Films: How the UV Protection Properties Change. ACS applied materials & interfaces, 8(21), 13270-13281. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.6b02696

© 2016 American Chemical Society. We have investigated the evaporation of thin sunscreen films and how the light absorption and the derived sun protection factor (SPF) change. For films consisting of solutions of common UV filters in propylene glycol... Read More

Whipped oil stabilised by surfactant crystals (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., Garvey, E. J., & Vieira, J. (2016). Whipped oil stabilised by surfactant crystals. Chemical science, 7(4), 2621-2632. https://doi.org/10.1039/c6sc00046k

We describe a protocol for preparing very stable air-in-oil foams starting with a one-phase oil solution of a fatty acid (myristic acid) in high oleic sunflower oil at high temperature. Upon cooling below the solubility limit, a two-phase mixture con... Read More

Pickering emulsions stabilized by hydrophilic nanoparticles: in situ surface modification by oil (2016)
Journal Article
Binks, B. P., & Yin, D. (2016). Pickering emulsions stabilized by hydrophilic nanoparticles: in situ surface modification by oil. Soft matter, 12(32), 6858-6867. doi:10.1039/C6SM01214K

We propose a novel route for the stabilization of oil-in-water Pickering emulsions using inherently hydrophilic nanoparticles. In the case of dialkyl adipate oils, in situ hydrophobisation of the particles by dissolved oil molecules in the aqueous ph... Read More