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An ecological status indicator for all time: Are AMBI and M-AMBI effective indicators of change in deep time? (2019)
Journal Article
Caswell, B. A., Frid, C. L., & Borja, A. (2019). An ecological status indicator for all time: Are AMBI and M-AMBI effective indicators of change in deep time?. Marine pollution bulletin, 140, 472-484. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.068

Increasingly environmental management seeks to limit the impacts of human activities on ecosystems relative to some ‘reference’ condition, which is often the presumed pre-impacted state, however such information is limited. We explore how marine ecos... Read More