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Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring (2018)
Journal Article
Wu, X., Baas, J. H., Parsons, D. R., Eggenhuisen, J., Amoudry, L., Cartigny, M., …Ruessink, G. (2018). Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2784-2801. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JF004681

Based on bed form experiments in a large‐scale flume, we demonstrate that the rate of development of wave ripples on a mixed sand‐clay bed under regular waves is significantly lower than on a pure‐sand bed, even at clay fractions as low as 4.2%, and... Read More

The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow (2018)
Journal Article
Reesink, A. J. H., Parsons, D. R., Ashworth, P. J., Best, J. L., Hardy, R. J., Murphy, B. J., …Unsworth, C. (2018). The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow. Earth-Science Reviews, 185, 1065-1087. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.09.002

The dunes that cover the beds of most alluvial channels change in size and shape over time and in space, which in turn affects the flow and sediment-transport dynamics of the river. However, both the precise mechanisms of such adaptation of dunes, an... Read More

Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves (2018)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Jordan, L. B., McLelland, S., Parsons, D. R., Amoudry, L. O., …Comerford, L. (2019). Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves. Renewable energy, 130, 725-734. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.098

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A high resolution Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD) numerical model is built based on a laboratory experiment in this research to study impacts of tidal turbines on surface wave dynamics. A reduction of ∼3% in wave height is obser... Read More

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More

Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes (2018)
Journal Article
Baynes, E. R., van de Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Aberle, J., Dijkstra, J., …Moulin, F. (2018). Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes. Earth-Science Reviews, 181, 82-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.04.007

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The interactions between water, sediment and biology in fluvial systems are complex and driven by multiple forcing mechanisms across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In a changing climate, some meteorological drivers are e... Read More

Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate (2018)
Journal Article
Van De Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 6(1), 203-215. https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-6-203-2018

© Author(s) 2018. Microbial assemblages ( < q > biofilms < /q > ) preferentially develop at water-sediment interfaces and are known to have a considerable influence on sediment stability and erodibility. There is potential for significant impacts on... Read More

Seasonal expression patterns of clock-associated genes in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (2017)
Journal Article
Chapman, E. C., O’Dell, A. R., Meligi, N. M., Parsons, D. R., & Rotchell, J. M. (2017). Seasonal expression patterns of clock-associated genes in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Chronobiology International, 34(9), 1300-1314. https://doi.org/10.1080/07420528.2017.1363224

Environmental cues allow organisms to synchronise their internal biological rhythms with external environmental cycles. These rhythms are regulated on a molecular level by oscillating interactions between clock genes and their proteins. Light is a pa... Read More

The influence of flow discharge variations on the morphodynamics of a diffluence-confluence unit on a large river: Impacts of discharge variation on a diffluence-confluence unit (2017)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Leyland, J., Aalto, R., Nicholas, A. P., & Best, J. L. (2018). The influence of flow discharge variations on the morphodynamics of a diffluence-confluence unit on a large river: Impacts of discharge variation on a diffluence-confluence unit. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 43(2), 349-362. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4204

© 2017 The Authors. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Bifurcations are key geomorphological nodes in anabranching and braided fluvial channels, controlling local bed morphology, the routing of sediment and wa... Read More

An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry (2017)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Jordan, L., Murphy, B. J., & Murdoch, L. (2018). An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry. Journal of Hydro-environment Research, 19, 179-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jher.2017.03.003

© 2017 International Association for Hydro-environment Engineering and Research, Asia Pacific Division. The uptake of tidal stream-turbine (TST) technology lags other renewable energy sources despite the advantages of predictability, stability and in... Read More

Fluvial sediment supply to a mega-delta reduced by shifting tropical-cyclone activity (2016)
Journal Article
Darby, S. E., Hackney, C. R., Leyland, J., Kummu, M., Lauri, H., Parsons, D. R., …Aalto, R. E. (2016). Fluvial sediment supply to a mega-delta reduced by shifting tropical-cyclone activity. Nature, 539(7628), 276-279. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature19809

© 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved. The world's rivers deliver 19 billion tonnes of sediment to the coastal zone annually, with a considerable fraction being sequestered in large deltas, home to over 500... Read More

Groundwater seepage landscapes from distant and local sources in experiments and on Mars (2015)
Journal Article
Marra, W. A., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Murphy, B. J., Hauber, E., & Kleinhans, M. G. (2015). Groundwater seepage landscapes from distant and local sources in experiments and on Mars. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 3(3), 389-408. https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-3-389-2015

© 2014 Author(s). Valleys with theater-shaped heads can form due to the seepage of groundwater and as a result of knickpoint (waterfall) erosion generated by overland flow. This ambiguity in the mechanism of formation hampers the interpretation of su... Read More

Fluvio-deltaic avulsions during relative sea-level fall. (2015)
Journal Article
Nijhuis, A. G., Edmonds, D. A., Caldwell, R. L., Cederberg, J. A., Slingerland, R. L., Best, J. L., …Robinson, R. A. J. (2015). Fluvio-deltaic avulsions during relative sea-level fall. Geology, 43(8), 719-722. https://doi.org/10.1130/g36788.1

Understanding river response to changes in relative sea level (RSL) is essential for predicting fluvial stratigraphy and source-to-sink dynamics. Recent theoretical work has suggested that rivers can remain aggradational during RSL fall, but field da... Read More

Influence of junction angle on three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology at confluent meander bends during different hydrological conditions (2014)
Journal Article
Riley, J. D., Rhoads, B. L., Parsons, D. R., & Johnson, K. K. (2015). Influence of junction angle on three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology at confluent meander bends during different hydrological conditions. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 40(2), 252-271. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3624

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Recent field and modeling investigations have examined the fluvial dynamics of confluent meander bends where a straight tributary channel enters a meandering river at the apex of a bend with a 90° junction angle. Past... Read More