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Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits (2019)
Journal Article
Maier, K., Gales, J., Paull, C., Rosenberger, K., Talling, P., Simmons, S., …Sumner, E. (2019). Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits. Frontiers in Earth Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00144

Submarine canyons are conduits for episodic and powerful sediment density flows (commonly called turbidity currents) that move globally significant amounts of terrestrial sediment and organic carbon into the deep sea, forming some of the largest sedi... Read More

Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents (2019)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Johnson, J., Sumner, E. J., …Tezcan, D. (2019). Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents. Nature communications, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09254-2

Gravity currents are the primary means by which sediments, solutes and heat are transported across the ocean-floor. Existing theory of gravity current flow employs a statistically-stable model of turbulent diffusion that has been extant since the 196... Read More

Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring (2018)
Journal Article
Wu, X., Baas, J. H., Parsons, D. R., Eggenhuisen, J., Amoudry, L., Cartigny, M., …Ruessink, G. (2018). Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2784-2801. doi:10.1029/2018JF004681

Based on bed form experiments in a large‐scale flume, we demonstrate that the rate of development of wave ripples on a mixed sand‐clay bed under regular waves is significantly lower than on a pure‐sand bed, even at clay fractions as low as 4.2%, and... Read More

Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers (2018)
Journal Article
Paull, C. K., Talling, P. J., Maier, K. L., Parsons, D., Xu, J., Caress, D. W., …Cartigny, M. J. (2018). Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers. Nature communications, 9(1), doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06254-6

Seafloor sediment flows (turbidity currents) are among the volumetrically most important yet least documented sediment transport processes on Earth. A scarcity of direct observations means that basic characteristics, such as whether flows are entirel... Read More

Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves (2018)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Jordan, L. B., McLelland, S., Parsons, D. R., Amoudry, L. O., …Comerford, L. (2019). Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves. Renewable energy, 130, 725-734. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.098

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A high resolution Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD) numerical model is built based on a laboratory experiment in this research to study impacts of tidal turbines on surface wave dynamics. A reduction of ∼3% in wave height is obser... Read More

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More

Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes (2018)
Journal Article
Baynes, E. R., van de Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Aberle, J., Dijkstra, J., …Moulin, F. (2018). Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes. Earth-Science Reviews, 181, 82-97. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.04.007

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The interactions between water, sediment and biology in fluvial systems are complex and driven by multiple forcing mechanisms across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In a changing climate, some meteorological drivers are e... Read More

Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate (2018)
Journal Article
Van De Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 6(1), 203-215. doi:10.5194/esurf-6-203-2018

© Author(s) 2018. Microbial assemblages ( < q > biofilms < /q > ) preferentially develop at water-sediment interfaces and are known to have a considerable influence on sediment stability and erodibility. There is potential for significant impacts on... Read More

Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence (2018)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Hu, H., Wei, T., Yang, Z., Hackney, C., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 205, (110-122). doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2018.03.009. ISSN 0272-7714

It has long been highlighted that important feedbacks exist between river bed morphology, sediment transport and the turbulent flow field and that these feedbacks change in response to forcing mechanisms. However, our current understanding of bedform... Read More

A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., & Cooper, C. (2017). A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends. Geophysical research letters, 44(23), (11,932-11,941). doi:10.1002/2017gl075721. ISSN 0094-8276

Meandering channels formed by geophysical flows (e.g., rivers and seafloor turbidity currents) include the most extensive sediment transport systems on Earth. Previous measurements from rivers show how helical flow at meander bends plays a key role i... Read More

Sustainable rice cultivation in the deep flooded zones of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (2017)
Journal Article
Chapman, A., Darby, S., Tompkins, E., Hackney, C., Leyland, J., Van, P. D. T., …Nicholas, A. (2017). Sustainable rice cultivation in the deep flooded zones of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. Vietnam Journal of Science, Technology and Engineering, 59(2), (34-38). ISSN 2525-2461

This paper explains how the management of the full-dyke system in the deep flooded zones of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta affects rice cultivation, and outlines how alternative dyke management strategies could offer more sustainable adaptations in the... Read More

An evaluation of the use of a multibeam echo-sounder for observations of suspended sediment (2017)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., Parsons, D. R., Best, J. L., Oberg, K. A., Czuba, J. A., & Keevil, G. M. (2017). An evaluation of the use of a multibeam echo-sounder for observations of suspended sediment. Applied acoustics. Acoustique appliqué. Angewandte Akustik, 126, (81-90). doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2017.05.004. ISSN 0003-682X

The theory relating the acoustic backscatter from suspended sediments to the mass concentration of particles has been developed over several decades and is now routinely applied to provide measurements for commercial and scientific applications. Sing... Read More

An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry (2017)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Jordan, L., Murphy, B. J., & Murdoch, L. (2018). An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry. Journal of Hydro-environment Research, 19, (179-188). doi:10.1016/j.jher.2017.03.003. ISSN 1570-6443

© 2017 International Association for Hydro-environment Engineering and Research, Asia Pacific Division. The uptake of tidal stream-turbine (TST) technology lags other renewable energy sources despite the advantages of predictability, stability and in... Read More

Extreme flood-driven fluvial bank erosion and sediment loads: direct process measurements using integrated Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and hydro-acoustic techniques: Direct measurement of flood-driven erosion using MLS and MBES (2016)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Parsons, D. R., Aalto, R., Best, J. L., Darby, S. E., Lague, D., …Nicholas, A. P. (2017). Extreme flood-driven fluvial bank erosion and sediment loads: direct process measurements using integrated Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and hydro-acoustic techniques: Direct measurement of flood-driven erosion using MLS and MBES. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 42(2), 334-346. doi:10.1002/esp.4078

Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This methods paper details the first attempt at monitoring bank erosion, flow and suspended sediment at a site during flooding on the Mekong River induced by the passage of tropical cyclones. We deployed int... Read More

The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS (2016)
Journal Article
Parsons, D. R., Schindler, R. J., Hope, J. A., Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., …Thorne, P. D. (2016). The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS. Geophysical research letters, 43(4), (1566-1573). doi:10.1002/2016gl067667. ISSN 0094-8276

Biologically active, fine-grained sediment forms abundant sedimentary deposits on Earth's surface, and mixed mud-sand dominates many coasts, deltas, and estuaries. Our predictions of sediment transport and bed roughness in these environments presentl... Read More

Bedform genesis in bedrock substrates: Insights into formative processes from a new experimental approach and the importance of suspension-dominated abrasion (2015)
Journal Article
Yin, D., Peakall, J., Parsons, D., Chen, Z., Averill, H. M., Wignall, P., & Best, J. (2016). Bedform genesis in bedrock substrates: Insights into formative processes from a new experimental approach and the importance of suspension-dominated abrasion. Geomorphology, 255, 26-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.12.008

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Bedrock channels are common in the natural environment, and bedrock channel erosion sets the pace of denudation in many river catchments. However, in comparison to the large number of studies concerning the formation of alluvial... Read More

Groundwater seepage landscapes from distant and local sources in experiments and on Mars (2015)
Journal Article
Marra, W. A., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Murphy, B. J., Hauber, E., & Kleinhans, M. G. (2015). Groundwater seepage landscapes from distant and local sources in experiments and on Mars. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 3(3), 389-408. https://doi.org/10.5194/esurf-3-389-2015

© 2014 Author(s). Valleys with theater-shaped heads can form due to the seepage of groundwater and as a result of knickpoint (waterfall) erosion generated by overland flow. This ambiguity in the mechanism of formation hampers the interpretation of su... Read More

Fluvio-deltaic avulsions during relative sea-level fall. (2015)
Journal Article
Nijhuis, A. G., Edmonds, D. A., Caldwell, R. L., Cederberg, J. A., Slingerland, R. L., Best, J. L., …Robinson, R. A. J. (2015). Fluvio-deltaic avulsions during relative sea-level fall. Geology, 43(8), (719-722). doi:10.1130/g36788.1. ISSN 0091-7613

Understanding river response to changes in relative sea level (RSL) is essential for predicting fluvial stratigraphy and source-to-sink dynamics. Recent theoretical work has suggested that rivers can remain aggradational during RSL fall, but field da... Read More

Grain size controls on the morphology and internal geometry of river-dominated deltas (2015)
Journal Article
Burpee, A. P., Slingerland, R. L., Best, J., Cederberg, J., Caldwell, R., Nijhuis, A., …Slingerland, R. (2015). Grain size controls on the morphology and internal geometry of river-dominated deltas. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 85(6), (699-714). doi:10.2110/jsr.2015.39. ISSN 1527-1404

Predictions of a delta's morphology, facies, and stratigraphy are typically derived from its relative wave, tide, and river energies, with sediment type playing a lesser role. Here we test the hypothesis that, all other factors being equal, the topse... Read More

Comment on “A simple model for vertical profiles of velocity and suspended sediment concentration in straight and curved submarine channels” by M. Bolla Pittaluga and J. Imran (2014)
Journal Article
Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Dorrell, R. M., Parsons, D. R., Sumner, E. J., Wynn, R. B., …Bolla Pittaluga, M. (2014). Comment on “A simple model for vertical profiles of velocity and suspended sediment concentration in straight and curved submarine channels” by M. Bolla Pittaluga and J. Imran. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 119(9), 2070-2073. doi:10.1002/2013jf002812

This article is a comment on Bolla Pittaluga and Imran [] doi: 10.1002/2013JF002812.