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Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring (2018)
Journal Article
Wu, X., Baas, J. H., Parsons, D. R., Eggenhuisen, J., Amoudry, L., Cartigny, M., …Ruessink, G. (2018). Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2784-2801. doi:10.1029/2018JF004681

Based on bed form experiments in a large‐scale flume, we demonstrate that the rate of development of wave ripples on a mixed sand‐clay bed under regular waves is significantly lower than on a pure‐sand bed, even at clay fractions as low as 4.2%, and... Read More

The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow (2018)
Journal Article
Reesink, A. J. H., Parsons, D. R., Ashworth, P. J., Best, J. L., Hardy, R. J., Murphy, B. J., …Unsworth, C. (2018). The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow. Earth-Science Reviews, 185, 1065-1087. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.09.002

The dunes that cover the beds of most alluvial channels change in size and shape over time and in space, which in turn affects the flow and sediment-transport dynamics of the river. However, both the precise mechanisms of such adaptation of dunes, an... Read More

Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves (2018)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Jordan, L. B., McLelland, S., Parsons, D. R., Amoudry, L. O., …Comerford, L. (2019). Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves. Renewable energy, 130, 725-734. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.098

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A high resolution Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD) numerical model is built based on a laboratory experiment in this research to study impacts of tidal turbines on surface wave dynamics. A reduction of ∼3% in wave height is obser... Read More

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More

Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes (2018)
Journal Article
Baynes, E. R., van de Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Aberle, J., Dijkstra, J., …Moulin, F. (2018). Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes. Earth-Science Reviews, 181, 82-97. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.04.007

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The interactions between water, sediment and biology in fluvial systems are complex and driven by multiple forcing mechanisms across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In a changing climate, some meteorological drivers are e... Read More

Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate (2018)
Journal Article
Van De Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 6(1), 203-215. doi:10.5194/esurf-6-203-2018

© Author(s) 2018. Microbial assemblages ( < q > biofilms < /q > ) preferentially develop at water-sediment interfaces and are known to have a considerable influence on sediment stability and erodibility. There is potential for significant impacts on... Read More

Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence (2018)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Hu, H., Wei, T., Yang, Z., Hackney, C., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 205, (110-122). doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2018.03.009. ISSN 0272-7714

It has long been highlighted that important feedbacks exist between river bed morphology, sediment transport and the turbulent flow field and that these feedbacks change in response to forcing mechanisms. However, our current understanding of bedform... Read More

A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., & Cooper, C. (2017). A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends. Geophysical research letters, 44(23), (11,932-11,941). doi:10.1002/2017gl075721. ISSN 0094-8276

Meandering channels formed by geophysical flows (e.g., rivers and seafloor turbidity currents) include the most extensive sediment transport systems on Earth. Previous measurements from rivers show how helical flow at meander bends plays a key role i... Read More

The influence of flow discharge variations on the morphodynamics of a diffluence-confluence unit on a large river: Impacts of discharge variation on a diffluence-confluence unit (2017)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Leyland, J., Aalto, R., Nicholas, A. P., & Best, J. L. (2018). The influence of flow discharge variations on the morphodynamics of a diffluence-confluence unit on a large river: Impacts of discharge variation on a diffluence-confluence unit. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 43(2), 349-362. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4204

© 2017 The Authors. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Bifurcations are key geomorphological nodes in anabranching and braided fluvial channels, controlling local bed morphology, the routing of sediment and wa... Read More

Sustainable rice cultivation in the deep flooded zones of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta (2017)
Journal Article
Chapman, A., Darby, S., Tompkins, E., Hackney, C., Leyland, J., Van, P. D. T., …Nicholas, A. (2017). Sustainable rice cultivation in the deep flooded zones of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta. Vietnam Journal of Science, Technology and Engineering, 59(2), (34-38). ISSN 2525-2461

This paper explains how the management of the full-dyke system in the deep flooded zones of the Vietnamese Mekong Delta affects rice cultivation, and outlines how alternative dyke management strategies could offer more sustainable adaptations in the... Read More

An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry (2017)
Journal Article
Simmons, S. M., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Jordan, L., Murphy, B. J., & Murdoch, L. (2018). An investigation of the wake recovery of two model horizontal-axis tidal stream turbines measured in a laboratory flume with Particle Image Velocimetry. Journal of Hydro-environment Research, 19, (179-188). doi:10.1016/j.jher.2017.03.003. ISSN 1570-6443

© 2017 International Association for Hydro-environment Engineering and Research, Asia Pacific Division. The uptake of tidal stream-turbine (TST) technology lags other renewable energy sources despite the advantages of predictability, stability and in... Read More

Three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology in large elongate meander loops with different outer bank roughness characteristics (2016)
Journal Article
Konsoer, K. M., Rhoads, B. L., Garcia, M. H., Abad, J. D., Parsons, D. R., Abad, J., …Rhoads, B. (2016). Three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology in large elongate meander loops with different outer bank roughness characteristics. Water Resources Research, 52(12), 9621-9641. doi:10.1002/2016wr019040

© 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Few studies have examined the three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology within elongate loops of large meandering channels. The present study focuses on the spatial patterns of three-... Read More

Extreme flood-driven fluvial bank erosion and sediment loads: direct process measurements using integrated Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and hydro-acoustic techniques: Direct measurement of flood-driven erosion using MLS and MBES (2016)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Parsons, D. R., Aalto, R., Best, J. L., Darby, S. E., Lague, D., …Nicholas, A. P. (2017). Extreme flood-driven fluvial bank erosion and sediment loads: direct process measurements using integrated Mobile Laser Scanning (MLS) and hydro-acoustic techniques: Direct measurement of flood-driven erosion using MLS and MBES. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 42(2), 334-346. doi:10.1002/esp.4078

Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This methods paper details the first attempt at monitoring bank erosion, flow and suspended sediment at a site during flooding on the Mekong River induced by the passage of tropical cyclones. We deployed int... Read More

Does the canopy mixing layer model apply to highly flexible aquatic vegetation? Insights from numerical modelling (2016)
Journal Article
Lane, S. N., Parsons, D. R., Hardy, R. J., & Marjoribanks, T. I. (2017). Does the canopy mixing layer model apply to highly flexible aquatic vegetation? Insights from numerical modelling. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, 17(2), 277-301. doi:10.1007/s10652-016-9482-z

© 2016, The Author(s). Vegetation is a characteristic feature of shallow aquatic flows such as rivers, lakes and coastal waters. Flow through and above aquatic vegetation canopies is commonly described using a canopy mixing layer analogy which provid... Read More

Fluvial sediment supply to a mega-delta reduced by shifting tropical-cyclone activity (2016)
Journal Article
Darby, S. E., Hackney, C. R., Leyland, J., Kummu, M., Lauri, H., Parsons, D. R., …Aalto, R. E. (2016). Fluvial sediment supply to a mega-delta reduced by shifting tropical-cyclone activity. Nature, 539(7628), (276-279). doi:10.1038/nature19809. ISSN 0028-0836

© 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved. The world's rivers deliver 19 billion tonnes of sediment to the coastal zone annually, with a considerable fraction being sequestered in large deltas, home to over 500... Read More

Flow dynamics and mixing processes in hydraulic jump arrays: Implications for channel-lobe transition zones (2016)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R., Peakall, J., Sumner, E. J., Parsons, D. R., Darby, S. E., Wynn, R. B., …Tezcan, D. (2016). Flow dynamics and mixing processes in hydraulic jump arrays: Implications for channel-lobe transition zones. Marine Geology, 381, 181-193. doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2016.09.009

© 2016 The Authors A detailed field investigation of a saline gravity current in the southwest Black Sea has enabled the first complete analysis of three-dimensional flow structure and dynamics of a series of linked hydraulic jumps in stratified, den... Read More

On the evolution and form of coherent flow structures over a gravel bed: Insights from whole flow field visualization and measurement (2016)
Journal Article
Hardy, R. J., Best, J. L., Parsons, D. R., & Marjoribanks, T. I. (2016). On the evolution and form of coherent flow structures over a gravel bed: Insights from whole flow field visualization and measurement. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 121(8), 1472-1493. doi:10.1002/2015JF003753

©2016. The Authors. The microtopography of a gravel bed river has been shown to generate turbulent flow structures that originate from shear flow generated in the near-bed region. Although field and laboratory measurements have shown that such flows... Read More

The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS (2016)
Journal Article
Parsons, D. R., Schindler, R. J., Hope, J. A., Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., …Thorne, P. D. (2016). The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS. Geophysical research letters, 43(4), (1566-1573). doi:10.1002/2016gl067667. ISSN 0094-8276

Biologically active, fine-grained sediment forms abundant sedimentary deposits on Earth's surface, and mixed mud-sand dominates many coasts, deltas, and estuaries. Our predictions of sediment transport and bed roughness in these environments presentl... Read More

Bedform genesis in bedrock substrates: Insights into formative processes from a new experimental approach and the importance of suspension-dominated abrasion (2015)
Journal Article
Yin, D., Peakall, J., Parsons, D., Chen, Z., Averill, H. M., Wignall, P., & Best, J. (2016). Bedform genesis in bedrock substrates: Insights into formative processes from a new experimental approach and the importance of suspension-dominated abrasion. Geomorphology, 255, 26-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.12.008

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Bedrock channels are common in the natural environment, and bedrock channel erosion sets the pace of denudation in many river catchments. However, in comparison to the large number of studies concerning the formation of alluvial... Read More

Modulation of outer bank erosion by slump blocks: disentangling the protective and destructive role of failed material on the three-dimensional flow structure (2015)
Journal Article
Hackney, C., Best, J., Leyland, J., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D., Aalto, R., & Nicholas, A. (2015). Modulation of outer bank erosion by slump blocks: disentangling the protective and destructive role of failed material on the three-dimensional flow structure. Geophysical research letters, 42(24), (10663-10670). doi:10.1002/2015GL066481. ISSN 0094-8276

The three-dimensional flow field near the banks of alluvial channels is the primary factor controlling rates of bank erosion. Although submerged slump blocks and associated large-scale bank roughness elements have both previously been proposed to div... Read More