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Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits (2019)
Journal Article
Maier, K., Gales, J., Paull, C., Rosenberger, K., Talling, P., Simmons, S., …Sumner, E. (2019). Linking direct measurements of turbidity currents to submarine canyon-floor deposits. Frontiers in Earth Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2019.00144

Submarine canyons are conduits for episodic and powerful sediment density flows (commonly called turbidity currents) that move globally significant amounts of terrestrial sediment and organic carbon into the deep sea, forming some of the largest sedi... Read More

Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents (2019)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Johnson, J., Sumner, E. J., …Tezcan, D. (2019). Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents. Nature communications, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09254-2

Gravity currents are the primary means by which sediments, solutes and heat are transported across the ocean-floor. Existing theory of gravity current flow employs a statistically-stable model of turbulent diffusion that has been extant since the 196... Read More

Quantification of bedform dynamics and bedload sediment flux in sandy braided rivers from airborne and satellite imagery (2019)
Journal Article
Strick, R. J., Ashworth, P. J., Sambrook Smith, G. H., Nicholas, A. P., Best, J. L., Lane, S. N., …Dale, J. (2019). Quantification of bedform dynamics and bedload sediment flux in sandy braided rivers from airborne and satellite imagery. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 44(4), 953-972. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.4558

Images from specially‐commissioned aeroplane sorties (manned aerial vehicle, MAV), repeat unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) surveys, and Planet CubeSat satellites are used to quantify dune and bar dynamics in the sandy braided South Saskatchewan River, C... Read More

On the causes of pulsing in continuous turbidity currents (2018)
Journal Article
Kostaschuk, R., Nasr-Azadani, M. M., Meiburg, E., Wei, T., Chen, Z., Negretti, M. E., …Parsons, D. R. (2018). On the causes of pulsing in continuous turbidity currents. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2827-2843. doi:10.1029/2018JF004719

Velocity pulsing has previously been observed in continuous turbidity currents in lakes and reservoirs, even though the input flow is steady. Several different mechanisms have been ascribed to the generation of these fluctuations, including Rayleigh‐... Read More

Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring (2018)
Journal Article
Wu, X., Baas, J. H., Parsons, D. R., Eggenhuisen, J., Amoudry, L., Cartigny, M., …Ruessink, G. (2018). Wave ripple development on mixed clay-sand substrates: Effects of clay winnowing and armoring. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 123(11), 2784-2801. doi:10.1029/2018JF004681

Based on bed form experiments in a large‐scale flume, we demonstrate that the rate of development of wave ripples on a mixed sand‐clay bed under regular waves is significantly lower than on a pure‐sand bed, even at clay fractions as low as 4.2%, and... Read More

Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers (2018)
Journal Article
Paull, C. K., Talling, P. J., Maier, K. L., Parsons, D., Xu, J., Caress, D. W., …Cartigny, M. J. (2018). Powerful turbidity currents driven by dense basal layers. Nature communications, 9(1), doi:10.1038/s41467-018-06254-6

Seafloor sediment flows (turbidity currents) are among the volumetrically most important yet least documented sediment transport processes on Earth. A scarcity of direct observations means that basic characteristics, such as whether flows are entirel... Read More

Controls on mud distribution and architecture along the fluvialto- marine transition (2018)
Journal Article
van de Lageweg, W. I., Braat, L., Parsons, D. R., & Kleinhans, M. G. (2018). Controls on mud distribution and architecture along the fluvialto- marine transition. Geology, 46(11), 971-974. doi:10.1130/G45504.1

© 2018 Geological Society of America. The interaction of marine (tides and waves) and fluvial processes determines the sedimentary fill of coastal systems in the fluvial-tomarine (FTM) transition zone. Despite frequent recognition of tidal and wave i... Read More

The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow (2018)
Journal Article
Reesink, A. J. H., Parsons, D. R., Ashworth, P. J., Best, J. L., Hardy, R. J., Murphy, B. J., …Unsworth, C. (2018). The adaptation of dunes to changes in river flow. Earth-Science Reviews, 185, 1065-1087. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.09.002

The dunes that cover the beds of most alluvial channels change in size and shape over time and in space, which in turn affects the flow and sediment-transport dynamics of the river. However, both the precise mechanisms of such adaptation of dunes, an... Read More

Investigation of variable aeration of monodisperse mixtures: implications for pyroclastic density currents (2018)
Journal Article
Smith, G. M., Williams, R., Rowley, P., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Investigation of variable aeration of monodisperse mixtures: implications for pyroclastic density currents. Bulletin of volcanology, 80(8), doi:10.1007/s00445-018-1241-1

The high mobility of dense pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) is commonly attributed to high gas pore pressures. However, the influence of spatial and temporal variations in pore pressure within PDCs has yet to be investigated. Theory suggests that... Read More

Hydrodynamic modelling of tidal-fluvial flows in a large river estuary (2018)
Journal Article
Sandbach, S., Nicholas, A., Ashworth, P., Best, J., Keevil, C., Parsons, D., …Simpson, C. (2018). Hydrodynamic modelling of tidal-fluvial flows in a large river estuary. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 212, 176-188. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2018.06.023

© 2018 The Authors The transition between riverine and estuarine environments is characterised by a change from unidirectional to bidirectional flows, in a region referred to herein as the Tidally-Influenced Fluvial Zone (TIFZ). In order to improve o... Read More

Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves (2018)
Journal Article
Li, X., Li, M., Jordan, L. B., McLelland, S., Parsons, D. R., Amoudry, L. O., …Comerford, L. (2019). Modelling impacts of tidal stream turbines on surface waves. Renewable energy, 130, 725-734. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.098

© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A high resolution Computational Flow Dynamics (CFD) numerical model is built based on a laboratory experiment in this research to study impacts of tidal turbines on surface wave dynamics. A reduction of ∼3% in wave height is obser... Read More

Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics (2018)
Journal Article
Ramírez-Mendoza, R., Amoudry, L., Thorne, P., Cooke, R., McLelland, S., Jordan, L., …Murdoch, L. (2018). Laboratory study on the effects of hydro kinetic turbines on hydrodynamics and sediment dynamics. Renewable energy, 129(Part A), 271-284. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2018.05.094

© 2018 The Authors The need for hydrokinetic turbine wake characterisation and their environmental impact has led to a number of studies. However, a small number of them have taken into account mobile sediment bed effects. The aim of the present work... Read More

How to recognize crescentic bedforms formed by supercritical turbidity currents in the geologic record: Insights from active submarine channels (2018)
Journal Article
Hage, S., Cartigny, M. J., Clare, M. A., Sumner, E. J., Vendettuoli, D., Clarke, J. E., …Vellinga, A. J. (2018). How to recognize crescentic bedforms formed by supercritical turbidity currents in the geologic record: Insights from active submarine channels. Geology, 46(6), 563-566. doi:10.1130/G40095.1

© 2018 Geological Society of America. Submarine channels have been important throughout geologic time for feeding globally significant volumes of sediment f rom land to the deep sea. Modern observations show that submarine channels can be sculpted by... Read More

Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes (2018)
Journal Article
Baynes, E. R., van de Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., Parsons, D. R., Aberle, J., Dijkstra, J., …Moulin, F. (2018). Beyond equilibrium: Re-evaluating physical modelling of fluvial systems to represent climate changes. Earth-Science Reviews, 181, 82-97. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.04.007

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. The interactions between water, sediment and biology in fluvial systems are complex and driven by multiple forcing mechanisms across a range of spatial and temporal scales. In a changing climate, some meteorological drivers are e... Read More

Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate (2018)
Journal Article
Van De Lageweg, W. I., McLelland, S. J., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Quantifying biostabilisation effects of biofilm-secreted and extracted extracellular polymeric substances (EPSs) on sandy substrate. Earth surface dynamics ESURF ; an interactive open access journal of the European Geosciences Union, 6(1), 203-215. doi:10.5194/esurf-6-203-2018

© Author(s) 2018. Microbial assemblages ( < q > biofilms < /q > ) preferentially develop at water-sediment interfaces and are known to have a considerable influence on sediment stability and erodibility. There is potential for significant impacts on... Read More

Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence (2018)
Journal Article
Hackney, C. R., Hu, H., Wei, T., Yang, Z., Hackney, C., & Parsons, D. R. (2018). Low-angle dunes in the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary: Flow and sediment dynamics under tidal influence. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 205, (110-122). doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2018.03.009. ISSN 0272-7714

It has long been highlighted that important feedbacks exist between river bed morphology, sediment transport and the turbulent flow field and that these feedbacks change in response to forcing mechanisms. However, our current understanding of bedform... Read More

A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., & Cooper, C. (2017). A General Model for the Helical Structure of Geophysical Flows in Channel Bends. Geophysical research letters, 44(23), (11,932-11,941). doi:10.1002/2017gl075721. ISSN 0094-8276

Meandering channels formed by geophysical flows (e.g., rivers and seafloor turbidity currents) include the most extensive sediment transport systems on Earth. Previous measurements from rivers show how helical flow at meander bends plays a key role i... Read More

Seasonal expression patterns of clock-associated genes in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (2017)
Journal Article
Chapman, E. C., O’Dell, A. R., Meligi, N. M., Parsons, D. R., & Rotchell, J. M. (2017). Seasonal expression patterns of clock-associated genes in the blue mussel Mytilus edulis. Chronobiology International, 34(9), 1300-1314. doi:10.1080/07420528.2017.1363224

Environmental cues allow organisms to synchronise their internal biological rhythms with external environmental cycles. These rhythms are regulated on a molecular level by oscillating interactions between clock genes and their proteins. Light is a pa... Read More

Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons (2017)
Journal Article
Azpiroz-Zabala, M., Cartigny, M. J. B., Talling, P. J., Parsons, D. R., Sumner, E. J., Clare, M. A., …Pope, E. L. (2017). Newly recognized turbidity current structure can explain prolonged flushing of submarine canyons. Science Advances, 3(10), (e1700200). doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700200. ISSN 2375-2548

Seabed-hugging flows called turbidity currents are the volumetrically most important process transporting sediment across our planet and form its largest sediment accumulations. We seek to understand the internal structure and behavior of turbidity c... Read More

Nonlinear Modeling and Verification of a Heaving Point Absorber for Wave Energy Conversion (2017)
Journal Article
Gilbert, J., Guo, B., Jin, S., Parsons, D., & Patton, R. (2017). Nonlinear Modeling and Verification of a Heaving Point Absorber for Wave Energy Conversion. IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 9(1), (453-461). doi:10.1109/tste.2017.2741341. ISSN 1949-3029

Although the heaving Point Absorber (PA) concept is well known in wave energy conversion research, few studies focus on appropriate modelling of non-linear fluid viscous and mechanical friction dynamics. Even though these concepts are known to have n... Read More