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The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development (2015)
Journal Article
Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Hope, J. A., Aspden, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Peakall, J., …Thorne, P. D. (2015). The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development. Nature communications, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7257

Sediment fluxes in aquatic environments are crucially dependent on bedform dynamics. However, sediment-flux predictions rely almost completely on clean-sand studies, despite most environments being composed of mixtures of non-cohesive sands, physical... Read More

Simulating tidal and storm surge hydraulics with a simple 2D inertia based model, in the Humber Estuary, U.K (2015)
Journal Article
Skinner, C. J., Coulthard, T. J., Parsons, D. R., Ramirez, J. A., Mullen, L., & Manson, S. (2015). Simulating tidal and storm surge hydraulics with a simple 2D inertia based model, in the Humber Estuary, U.K. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 155(March), 126-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2015.01.019

The hydraulic modelling of tidal estuarine environments has been largely limited to complex 3D models that are computationally expensive. This makes them unsuitable for applications which make use of live data to make real/near time forecasts, such a... Read More

Pressurized groundwater outflow experiments and numerical modeling for outflow channels on Mars (2014)
Journal Article
Marra, W. A., Hauber, E., McLelland, S. J., Murphy, B. J., Parsons, D. R., Conway, S. J., …Kleinhans, M. G. (2014). Pressurized groundwater outflow experiments and numerical modeling for outflow channels on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 119(12), 2668-2693. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JE004701

© 2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The landscape of Mars shows incised channels that often appear abruptly in the landscape, suggesting a groundwater source. However, groundwater outflow processes are unable to explain the recon... Read More

High-resolution numerical modelling of flow-vegetation interactions (2014)
Journal Article
Marjoribanks, T. I., Hardy, R. J., Lane, S. N., & Parsons, D. R. (2014). High-resolution numerical modelling of flow-vegetation interactions. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 52(6), 775-793. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221686.2014.948502

In this paper, we present and apply a new three-dimensional model for the prediction of canopy-flow and turbulence dynamics in open-channel flow. The approach uses a dynamic immersed boundary technique that is coupled in a sequentially staggered mann... Read More

Comment on “A simple model for vertical profiles of velocity and suspended sediment concentration in straight and curved submarine channels” by M. Bolla Pittaluga and J. Imran (2014)
Journal Article
Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Dorrell, R. M., Parsons, D. R., Sumner, E. J., & Wynn, R. B. (2014). Comment on “A simple model for vertical profiles of velocity and suspended sediment concentration in straight and curved submarine channels” by M. Bolla Pittaluga and J. Imran. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 119(9), 2070-2073. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014jf003211

This article is a comment on Bolla Pittaluga and Imran [] doi: 10.1002/2013JF002812.

Comment on “A simple model for vertical profiles of velocity and suspended sediment concentration in straight and curved submarine channels” by M. Bolla Pittaluga and J. Imran (2014)
Journal Article
Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Dorrell, R. M., Parsons, D. R., Sumner, E. J., Wynn, R. B., …Bolla Pittaluga, M. (2014). Comment on “A simple model for vertical profiles of velocity and suspended sediment concentration in straight and curved submarine channels” by M. Bolla Pittaluga and J. Imran. Journal of geophysical research. JGR. Earth surface, 119(9), 2070-2073. doi:10.1002/2013jf002812

This article is a comment on Bolla Pittaluga and Imran [] doi: 10.1002/2013JF002812.

Influence of junction angle on three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology at confluent meander bends during different hydrological conditions (2014)
Journal Article
Riley, J. D., Rhoads, B. L., Parsons, D. R., & Johnson, K. K. (2015). Influence of junction angle on three-dimensional flow structure and bed morphology at confluent meander bends during different hydrological conditions. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 40(2), 252-271. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3624

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Recent field and modeling investigations have examined the fluvial dynamics of confluent meander bends where a straight tributary channel enters a meandering river at the apex of a bend with a 90° junction angle. Past... Read More

The impact of significant input of fine sediment on benthic fauna at tributary junctions: a case study of the Bermejo-Paraguay River confluence, Argentina (2014)
Journal Article
Blettler, M. C. M., Amsler, M. L., Ezcurra de Drago, I., Espinola, L. A., Eberle, E., Paira, A., …Drago, E. E. (2015). The impact of significant input of fine sediment on benthic fauna at tributary junctions: a case study of the Bermejo-Paraguay River confluence, Argentina. Ecohydrology, 8(2), 340-352. https://doi.org/10.1002/eco.1511

This study examines the morphological features, suspended sediment inputs and hydraulic conditions within a large river in association with ecological patterns before and after a tributary confluence. In order to examine these effects, the macroinver... Read More

Physical modelling of water, fauna and flora: Knowledge gaps, avenues for future research and infrastructural needs (2014)
Journal Article
Thomas, R. E., Johnson, M. F., Frostick, L. E., Parsons, D. R., Bouma, T. J., Dijkstra, J. T., …Vousdoukas, M. I. (2014). Physical modelling of water, fauna and flora: Knowledge gaps, avenues for future research and infrastructural needs. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 52(3), 311-325. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221686.2013.876453

Physical modelling is a key tool for generating understanding of the complex interactions between aquatic organisms and hydraulics, which is important for management of aquatic environments under environmental change and our ability to exploit ecosys... Read More

The critical role of stratification in submarine channels: Implications for channelization and long runout of flows (2014)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Darby, S. E., Peakall, J., Sumner, E. J., Parsons, D. R., & Wynn, R. B. (2014). The critical role of stratification in submarine channels: Implications for channelization and long runout of flows. Journal of geophysical research. C, Oceans, 119(4), 2620-2641. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014jc009807

Channelized submarine gravity currents travel remarkable distances, transporting sediment to the distal reaches of submarine fans. However, the mechanisms by which flows can be sustained over these distances remain enigmatic. In this paper we conside... Read More

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs): Their past, present and future contributions to the advancement of marine geoscience (2014)
Journal Article
Wynn, R. B., Huvenne, V. A., Le Bas, T. P., Murton, B. J., Connelly, D. P., Bett, B. J., …Hunt, J. E. (2014). Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs): Their past, present and future contributions to the advancement of marine geoscience. Marine Geology, 352, 451-468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2014.03.012

Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) have a wide range of applications in marine geoscience, and are increasingly being used in the scientific, military, commercial, and policy sectors. Their ability to operate autonomously of a host vessel makes th... Read More

Scales and causes of heterogeneity in bars in a large multi-channel river: Río Paraná, Argentina (2014)
Journal Article
Reesink, A. J. H., Ashworth, P. J., Sambrook Smith, G. H., Best, J. L., Parsons, D. R., Amsler, M. L., …Szupiany, R. N. (2014). Scales and causes of heterogeneity in bars in a large multi-channel river: Río Paraná, Argentina. Sedimentology, 61(4), 1055-1085. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12092

To date, published studies of alluvial bar architecture in large rivers have been restricted mostly to case studies of individual bars and single locations. Relatively little is known about how the depositional processes and sedimentary architecture... Read More

Near-bed and surface flow division patterns in experimental river bifurcations (2014)
Journal Article
Marra, W. A., Parsons, D. R., Kleinhans, M. G., Keevil, G. M., & Thomas, R. E. (2014). Near-bed and surface flow division patterns in experimental river bifurcations. Water Resources Research, 50(2), 1506-1530. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013WR014215

Understanding channel bifurcation mechanics is of great importance for predicting and managing multichannel river processes and avulsion in distributary river deltas. To date, research on river channel bifurcations has focused on factors determining... Read More

Driven around the bend: spatial evolution and controls on the orientation of helical bend flow in a natural submarine gravity current (2014)
Journal Article
Sumner, E. J., Peakall, J., Dorrell, R. M., Parsons, D. R., Darby, S. E., Wynn, R. B., …White, D. (2014). Driven around the bend: spatial evolution and controls on the orientation of helical bend flow in a natural submarine gravity current. Journal of geophysical research. C, Oceans, 119(2), 898-913. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013jc009008

Submarine channel systems transport vast amounts of terrestrial sediment into the deep sea. Understanding the dynamics of the gravity currents that create these systems, and in particular, how these flows interact with and form bends, is fundamental... Read More

First direct measurements of hydraulic jumps in an active submarine density current (2013)
Journal Article
Sumner, E. J., Peakall, J., Parsons, D. R., Wynn, R. B., Darby, S. E., Dorrell, R. M., …White, D. (2013). First direct measurements of hydraulic jumps in an active submarine density current. Geophysical research letters, 40(22), 5904-5908. https://doi.org/10.1002/2013gl057862

For almost half a century, it has been suspected that hydraulic jumps, which consist of a sudden decrease in downstream velocity and increase in flow thickness, are an important feature of submarine density currents such as turbidity currents and deb... Read More

Superelevation and overspill control secondary flow dynamics in submarine channels (2013)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R., Parsons, D., Darby, S., Peakall, J., Sumner, E., & Wynn, R. B. (2013). Superelevation and overspill control secondary flow dynamics in submarine channels. Journal of geophysical research. C, Oceans, 118(8), 3895-3915. https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrc.20277

In subaerial and submarine meander bends, fluid flow travels downstream in a helical spiral, the structure of which is determined by centrifugal, hydrostatic, baroclinic, and Coriolis forces that together balance frictional stresses generated by the... Read More

Flow separation at the inner (convex) and outer (concave) banks of constant-width and widening open-channel bends (2012)
Journal Article
Blanckaert, K., Kleinhans, M. G., Mclelland, S. J., Uijttewaal, W. S., Murphy, B., van de Kruijs, A., …Chen, Q. (2013). Flow separation at the inner (convex) and outer (concave) banks of constant-width and widening open-channel bends. Earth surface processes and landforms : the journal of the British Geomorphological Research Group, 38(7), 696-716. https://doi.org/10.1002/esp.3324

There is a paucity of data and insight in the mechanisms of, and controls on flow separation and recirculation at natural sharply-curved river bends. Herein we report on successful laboratory experiments that elucidate flow structure in one constant-... Read More

Gravity-driven flow in a submarine channel bend: Direct field evidence of helical flow reversal (2010)
Journal Article
Parsons, D. R., Peakall, J., Aksu, A. E., Flood, R. D., Hiscott, R. N., Beşiktepe, Ş., & Mouland, D. (2010). Gravity-driven flow in a submarine channel bend: Direct field evidence of helical flow reversal. Geology, 38(12), 1063-1066. https://doi.org/10.1130/G31121.1

Submarine meandering channels are conduits that transport gravity-driven flows and sediments into the deep sea. Such channel systems form distributive networks across submarine fans, ultimately forming the largest sedimentary deposits on Earth. Despi... Read More

Response of river-dominated delta channel networks to permanent changes in river discharge (2010)
Journal Article
Edmonds, D., Slingerland, R., Best, J., Parsons, D., & Smith, N. (2010). Response of river-dominated delta channel networks to permanent changes in river discharge. Geophysical research letters, 37(12), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010GL043269

Using numerical experiments, we investigate how river-dominated delta channel networks are likely to respond to changes in river discharge predicted to occur over the next century as a result of environmental change. Our results show for a change in... Read More

A new methodology for the quantitative visualization of coherent flow structures in alluvial channels using multibeam echo-sounding (MBES) (2010)
Journal Article
Best, J., Simmons, S., Parsons, D., Oberg, K., Czuba, J., & Malzone, C. (2010). A new methodology for the quantitative visualization of coherent flow structures in alluvial channels using multibeam echo-sounding (MBES). Geophysical research letters, 37(6), https://doi.org/10.1029/2009gl041852

In order to investigate the interactions between turbulence and suspended sediment transport in natural aqueous environments, we ideally require a technique that allows simultaneous measurement of fluid velocity and sediment concentration for the who... Read More