Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Acute itch induces attentional avoidance of itch-related information (2022)
Journal Article
Etty, S., George, D. N., van Laarhoven, A., & Holle, H. (2022). Acute itch induces attentional avoidance of itch-related information. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 102, adv00691. https://doi.org/10.2340/actadv.v102.1626

Attention is known to modulate itch intensity. In contrast, the reverse relationship, i.e. the degree to which the presence of an acute itch affects attention, is currently not well understood. The aims of this study were to investigate whether acute... Read More about Acute itch induces attentional avoidance of itch-related information.

Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are sensitive to the correlation between pitch and timbre in human speech (2021)
Journal Article
Sturdy, S., Smith, D. R., & George, D. N. (in press). Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are sensitive to the correlation between pitch and timbre in human speech. Animal Cognition, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-021-01567-4

The perceived pitch of human voices is highly correlated with the fundamental frequency (f0) of the laryngeal source, which is determined largely by the length and mass of the vocal folds. The vocal folds are larger in adult males than in adult femal... Read More about Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are sensitive to the correlation between pitch and timbre in human speech.

Speeding up time: Hierarchical Bayesian drift diffusion modelling evidence for accelerating temporal accumulation (2021)
Journal Article
Tipples, J., Lupton, M., & George, D. (2021). Speeding up time: Hierarchical Bayesian drift diffusion modelling evidence for accelerating temporal accumulation. Timing and Time Perception, 9(4), 393-416. https://doi.org/10.1163/22134468-bja10030

Time perception is malleable - it can be made to speed up and slow down by various experimental manipulations including the presentation of a sequence of auditory clicks and also angry facial expressions. Recent evidence supports the idea that audito... Read More about Speeding up time: Hierarchical Bayesian drift diffusion modelling evidence for accelerating temporal accumulation.

The Effects of Time Pressure on Temporal Overestimation Due to Threat (2021)
Journal Article
Tipples, J., Lupton, M., & George, D. (2021). The Effects of Time Pressure on Temporal Overestimation Due to Threat. Timing and Time Perception, 149, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1163/22134468-bja10027

© 2021 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden. How does emotion change the way we perceive time? Studies have shown that we overestimate the duration of faces that express anger of fear-an effect that has been explained as due the speeding of a pacemaker that... Read More about The Effects of Time Pressure on Temporal Overestimation Due to Threat.

Preexposure along a continuum: Differentiation and association. (2021)
Journal Article
George, D. N., & Haddon, J. E. (2021). Preexposure along a continuum: Differentiation and association. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 47(1), 48-62. https://doi.org/10.1037/xan0000266

In five experiments, we assessed the effects of pre-exposure to simple auditory stimuli on subsequent conditioning and discrimination learning. Experiment 1 showed that pre-exposure to a single stimulus retarded acquisition of conditioned responding... Read More about Preexposure along a continuum: Differentiation and association..

The representation of stimulus conjunction in theories of associative learning : a context-dependent added-elements model (2020)
Journal Article
George, D. N. (in press). The representation of stimulus conjunction in theories of associative learning : a context-dependent added-elements model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 46(3), 185-204. https://doi.org/10.1037/xan0000252

This paper briefly reviews three theories concerning elemental and configural approaches to stimulus representation in associative learning and presents a new Context-dependent Added Elements Model (C-AEM). This model takes an elemental approach to s... Read More about The representation of stimulus conjunction in theories of associative learning : a context-dependent added-elements model.

Disentangling the effects of attentional weighting and associative mediation in perceptual learning reveals no evidence for associative mediation. (2019)
Journal Article
George, D. N., & Oltean, B. P. (2020). Disentangling the effects of attentional weighting and associative mediation in perceptual learning reveals no evidence for associative mediation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 46(7), 1207–1225. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000773

Learning to categorize perceptually similar stimuli can result in people becoming more sensitive to differences along perceptual dimensions that are relevant to category membership and/or less sensitive to equivalent differences along irrelevant perc... Read More about Disentangling the effects of attentional weighting and associative mediation in perceptual learning reveals no evidence for associative mediation..

A computational implementation of a Hebbian learning network and its application to configural forms of acquired equivalence (2019)
Journal Article
Robinson, J., George, D. N., & Heinke, D. (2019). A computational implementation of a Hebbian learning network and its application to configural forms of acquired equivalence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 45(3), 356-371. https://doi.org/10.1037/xan0000203

We describe and report the results of computer simulations of the three-layer Hebbian network informally described by Honey, Close, and Lin (2010): A general account of discrimination that has been shaped by data from configural acquired equivalence... Read More about A computational implementation of a Hebbian learning network and its application to configural forms of acquired equivalence.

Effects of short-term temperature change in the innocuous range on histaminergic and non-histaminergic acute itch (2018)
Journal Article
Lewis, Z., George, D. N., Cowdell, F., & Holle, H. (2019). Effects of short-term temperature change in the innocuous range on histaminergic and non-histaminergic acute itch. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 99(2), 188-195. https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3077

While temperatures in the noxious range are well-known to inhibit acute itch, the impact of temperature in the innocuous temperature range is less well understood. We investigated the effect of alternating short-term temperature changes in the innocu... Read More about Effects of short-term temperature change in the innocuous range on histaminergic and non-histaminergic acute itch.

More evidence that less is better: Sub-optimal choice in dogs (2018)
Journal Article
Chase, R. J., & George, D. N. (2018). More evidence that less is better: Sub-optimal choice in dogs. Learning and Behavior, 46(4), 462-471. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13420-018-0326-1

The less-is-better effect is a preference for the lesser of two alternatives sometimes observed when they are evaluated separately. For example, a dinner service of 24 intact pieces might be judged to be more valuable than a 40-piece dinner service c... Read More about More evidence that less is better: Sub-optimal choice in dogs.

Stimulus similarity affects patterning discrimination learning. (2018)
Journal Article
George, D. N. (2018). Stimulus similarity affects patterning discrimination learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 44(2), 128-148. https://doi.org/10.1037/xan0000164

© 2018 American Psychological Association. In four experiments, participants' performance on a variety of nonlinear patterning discriminations was assessed using a predictive learning task and visual patterns. Between groups, the similarity of the st... Read More about Stimulus similarity affects patterning discrimination learning..

Placebo Analgesia From a Rubber Hand (2017)
Journal Article
Coleshill, M. J., George, D. N., & Mazzoni, G. (2017). Placebo Analgesia From a Rubber Hand. Journal of Pain, 18(9), 1067-1077. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2017.04.004

© 2017 American Pain Society Placebo analgesia, reductions in pain after administration of an inert treatment, is a well documented phenomenon. We report, to our knowledge, the first demonstration that placebo analgesia can be experienced when a sham... Read More about Placebo Analgesia From a Rubber Hand.

Attention and associative learning in humans: an integrative review (2016)
Journal Article
Le Pelley, M. E., Mitchell, C. J., Beesley, T., George, D. N., & Wills, A. J. (2016). Attention and associative learning in humans: an integrative review. Psychological Bulletin, 142(10), 1111-1140. https://doi.org/10.1037/bul0000064

This article presents a comprehensive survey of research concerning interactions between associative learning and attention in humans. Four main findings are described. First, attention is biased toward stimuli that predict their consequences reliabl... Read More about Attention and associative learning in humans: an integrative review.

Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer: Paradoxical effects of the pavlovian relationship explained (2013)
Journal Article
Cohen-Hatton, S. R., Haddon, J. E., George, D. N., & Honey, R. C. (2013). Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer: Paradoxical effects of the pavlovian relationship explained. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 39(1), 14-23. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030594

Four experiments with rats examined the origin of outcome-selective Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer (PIT). Experiment 1 used a standard procedure, where outcomes were embedded within extended conditioned stimuli (CSs), to demonstrate the basic eff... Read More about Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer: Paradoxical effects of the pavlovian relationship explained.

A configural theory of attention and associative learning (2012)
Journal Article
George, D. N., & Pearce, J. M. (2012). A configural theory of attention and associative learning. Learning and Behavior, 40(3), 241-254. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13420-012-0078-2

A formal account of the relationship between attention and associative learning is presented within the framework of a configural theory of discrimination learning. The account is based on a connectionist network in which the entire pattern of stimul... Read More about A configural theory of attention and associative learning.

Contextual modulation of attention in human category learning (2012)
Journal Article
George, D. N., & Kruschke, J. K. (2012). Contextual modulation of attention in human category learning. Learning and Behavior, 40(4), 530-541. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13420-012-0072-8

In a category-learning experiment, we assessed whether participants were able to selectively attend to different components of a compound stimulus in two distinct contexts. The participants were presented with stimulus compounds for which they had to... Read More about Contextual modulation of attention in human category learning.

Dissociation of prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens dopaminergic systems in conditional learning in rats (2011)
Journal Article
George, D. N., Jenkins, T. A., & Killcross, S. (2011). Dissociation of prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens dopaminergic systems in conditional learning in rats. Behavioural Brain Research, 225(1), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2011.06.028

There is converging evidence that the prefrontal and mesolimbic dopaminergic (DAergic) systems are involved in the performance of a variety of tasks that require the use of contextual, or task-setting, information to select an appropriate response fr... Read More about Dissociation of prefrontal cortex and nucleus accumbens dopaminergic systems in conditional learning in rats.

Impaired conditional task performance in a high schizotypy population: Relation to cognitive deficits (2011)
Journal Article
Haddon, J. E., George, D. N., Grayson, L., McGowan, C., Honey, R. C., & Killcross, S. (2011). Impaired conditional task performance in a high schizotypy population: Relation to cognitive deficits. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2010.529579

Cognitive impairments in schizophrenia have been characterized as reflecting a core deficit in the maintenance or use of task-setting cues to mediate appropriate ongoing behaviour. This analysis suggests that cognitive deficits in schizophrenia will... Read More about Impaired conditional task performance in a high schizotypy population: Relation to cognitive deficits.

Lesions to the ventral, but not the dorsal, medial prefrontal cortex enhance latent inhibition (2010)
Journal Article
George, D. N., Duffaud, A. M., Pothuizen, H. H., Haddon, J. E., & Killcross, S. (2010). Lesions to the ventral, but not the dorsal, medial prefrontal cortex enhance latent inhibition. The European journal of neuroscience, 31(8), 1474-1482. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2010.07178.x

The acquisition of a conditioned response to a stimulus when it is paired with a reinforcer is retarded if the stimulus has previously been repeatedly pre-exposed in the absence of the reinforcer. This effect, called latent inhibition, has previously... Read More about Lesions to the ventral, but not the dorsal, medial prefrontal cortex enhance latent inhibition.