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Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found, and how can it be strengthened? (2020)
Journal Article
Bammer, G., O’Rourke, M., O’Connell, D., Neuhauser, L., Midgley, G., Thompson Klein, J., …Richardson, G. P. (2020). Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found, and how can it be strengthened?. Palgrave communications, 6, https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0

Expertise in research integration and implementation is an essential but often overlooked component of tackling complex societal and environmental problems. We focus on expertise relevant to any complex problem, especially contributory expertise, div... Read More about Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found, and how can it be strengthened?.

Stakeholder identification and engagement in problem structuring interventions (2019)
Journal Article
Gregory, A., Atkins, J., Midgley, G., & Hodgson, A. (2020). Stakeholder identification and engagement in problem structuring interventions. European journal of operational research, 283, 321-340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2019.10.044

This paper addresses the under-researched issue of stakeholder identification and engagement in problem structuring interventions. A concise framework to aid critical reflection in the design and reporting of stakeholder identification and engagement... Read More about Stakeholder identification and engagement in problem structuring interventions.

Towards a heart and soul for co-creative research practice: A systemic approach (2019)
Journal Article
Nicholas, G., Foote, J., Kainz, K., Midgley, G., Prager, K., & Zurbriggen, C. (2019). Towards a heart and soul for co-creative research practice: A systemic approach. Evidence and Policy, 15(3), 353-370. https://doi.org/10.1332/174426419X15578220630571

The language of co-creation has become popular with policy makers, researchers and consultants wanting to support evidence-based change. However, there is little agreement about what features a research or consultancy project must have for peers to r... Read More about Towards a heart and soul for co-creative research practice: A systemic approach.

Developing a systemic program evaluation methodology: A critical systems perspective (2018)
Journal Article
Torres-Cuello, M. A., Pinzón-Salcedo, L., & Midgley, G. (2018). Developing a systemic program evaluation methodology: A critical systems perspective. Systems research and behavioral science, 35(5), 538-547. doi:10.1002/sres.2561

In recent years, there has been an increased interest within the program evaluation field for introducing systems thinking concepts. However, most of these attempts have been primarily directed towards supporting the practice of evaluation and not to... Read More about Developing a systemic program evaluation methodology: A critical systems perspective.

Ten essentials for action-oriented and second order energy transitions, transformations and climate change research (2017)
Journal Article
Fazey, I., Schäpke, N., Caniglia, G., Patterson, J., Hultman, J., van Mierlo, B., …Wyborn, C. (2018). Ten essentials for action-oriented and second order energy transitions, transformations and climate change research. Energy research & social science ERSS, 40, 54-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2017.11.026

The most critical question for climate research is no longer about the problem, but about how to facilitate the transformative changes necessary to avoid catastrophic climate-induced change. Addressing this question, however, will require massive ups... Read More about Ten essentials for action-oriented and second order energy transitions, transformations and climate change research.

Emerging trends and new frontiers in community operational research (2017)
Journal Article
Johnson, M. P., Midgley, G., & Chichirau, G. (2018). Emerging trends and new frontiers in community operational research. European journal of operational research, 268(3), 1178-1191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2017.11.032

Community Operational Research (Community OR), and its disciplinary relation, Community-Based Operations Research, has an increasingly high profile within multiple domains that benefit from empirical and analytic approaches to problem solving. These... Read More about Emerging trends and new frontiers in community operational research.

What is Community Operational Research? (2017)
Journal Article
Midgley, G., Johnson, M. P., & Chichirau, G. (in press). What is Community Operational Research?. European journal of operational research, 268, 771-783. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2017.08.014

Community Operational Research (Community OR) has been an explicit sub-domain of OR for more than 30 years. In this paper, we tackle the controversial issue of how it can be differentiated from other forms of OR. While it has been persuasively argued... Read More about What is Community Operational Research?.

Systemic lean intervention: enhancing lean with community operational research (2017)
Journal Article
Ufua, D. E., Papadopoulos, T., & Midgley, G. (2018). Systemic lean intervention: enhancing lean with community operational research. European journal of operational research, 268, 1134-1148. doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2017.08.004

This paper explores how theory and methodology from Community OR can enhance Lean initiatives. We are driven by the paucity of the literature discussing the involvement of non-obvious stakeholders, particularly local communities, in the adoption of L... Read More about Systemic lean intervention: enhancing lean with community operational research.

Dealing with challenges to methodological pluralism: the paradigm problem, psychological resistance and cultural barriers (2016)
Journal Article
Midgley, G., Nicholson, J., & Brennan, R. (2017). Dealing with challenges to methodological pluralism: the paradigm problem, psychological resistance and cultural barriers. Industrial marketing management, 62, 150-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2016.08.008

This paper calls for methodological pluralism in industrial marketing research. We discuss three challenges that proponents of methodological pluralism have to address if their practice is to be seen as credible: the paradigm problem; psychological r... Read More about Dealing with challenges to methodological pluralism: the paradigm problem, psychological resistance and cultural barriers.

Four domains of complexity (2016)
Journal Article
Midgley, G. (2016). Four domains of complexity. Emergence: complexity and organization, 18(2),

In this short paper, which reflects on one of my contributions to the systems literature in 1992 (Pluralism and the Legitimation of Systems Science), I discuss the context at that time. Systems scientists were embroiled in a paradigm war, which threa... Read More about Four domains of complexity.

Boundary games: how teams of OR practitioners explore the boundaries of intervention (2016)
Journal Article
Velez-Castiblanco, J., Brocklesby, J., & Midgley, G. (2016). Boundary games: how teams of OR practitioners explore the boundaries of intervention. European journal of operational research, 249(3), 968-982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2015.08.006

An operational research (OR) practitioner designing an intervention needs to engage in a practical process for choosing methods and implementing them. When a team of OR practitioners does this, and/or clients and stakeholders are involved, the social... Read More about Boundary games: how teams of OR practitioners explore the boundaries of intervention.

Antimicrobials in animal agriculture: Parables and policy (2015)
Journal Article
Scott, H. M., Midgley, G., & Loneragan, G. H. (2015). Antimicrobials in animal agriculture: Parables and policy. Zoonoses and public health, 62(s1), 3-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12191

In addition to the scientific, economic, regulatory and other policy factors that impact on antimicrobial decision-making in different jurisdictions around the world, there exist ethical, social and cultural bases for the contemporary use of these pr... Read More about Antimicrobials in animal agriculture: Parables and policy.

Knowing differently in systemic intervention (2015)
Journal Article
Rajagopalan, R., & Midgley, G. (2015). Knowing differently in systemic intervention. Systems research and behavioral science, 32(5), 546-561. https://doi.org/10.1002/sres.2352

© 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This paper makes the case for extended ways of knowing in systemic intervention. It argues that the deployment of formal (even reflective) thinking and dialogue methods are inadequate, on their own, to the critical ta... Read More about Knowing differently in systemic intervention.

Action research in a problem avoiding culture using a Buddhist systems methodology (2014)
Journal Article
Shen, C., & Midgley, G. (2015). Action research in a problem avoiding culture using a Buddhist systems methodology. Action Research, 13(2), 170-193. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476750314558428

Problem avoidance can be an issue in both Eastern and Western cultures, and in some Eastern contexts it can stem from the desire to promote organizational harmony: identifying problems can lead to blame, thereby fracturing harmonious relationships. T... Read More about Action research in a problem avoiding culture using a Buddhist systems methodology.

Gaining access to agency and structure in industrial marketing theory: A critical pluralist approach (2014)
Journal Article
Nicholson, J. D., Brennan, R., & Midgley, G. (2014). Gaining access to agency and structure in industrial marketing theory: A critical pluralist approach. Marketing Theory, 14(4), 395-416. https://doi.org/10.1177/1470593114538994

This article is concerned with gaining greater insight into the interplay between agency and structure in industrial marketing (IM) scholarship. The article’s intent is to embed Midgley’s notion of critical pluralism within this endeavour. The articl... Read More about Gaining access to agency and structure in industrial marketing theory: A critical pluralist approach.

Issues mapping: a problem structuring method for addressing science and technology conflicts (2014)
Journal Article
Cronin, K., Midgley, G., & Jackson, L. S. (2014). Issues mapping: a problem structuring method for addressing science and technology conflicts. European journal of operational research, 233(1), 145-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2013.08.012

There are new opportunities for the application of problem structuring methods to address science and technology risk conflicts through stakeholder dialogue. Most previous approaches to addressing risk conflicts have been developed from a traditional... Read More about Issues mapping: a problem structuring method for addressing science and technology conflicts.