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Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control (2018)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Burton, V., Gormally, S., & O'Leary, N. (2019). Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control. Violence against women, 25(6), 635-653. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077801218797478

We examined perspectives of social workers, police officers and specialist domestic abuse practitioners about their perceived ability and organisational readiness to respond effectively to incidents of coercive and controlling behaviour. Interviews r... Read More

Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm (2018)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2019). Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm. The British journal of criminology, 59(3), 571–593. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azy032

Criminology has much to offer activities to reduce the harm of violent incidents –– particularly by reducing weapon-carrying and use – but the discipline’s engagement with the harm reduction agenda has been limited. In addressing this, the paper iden... Read More

Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review (2018)
Journal Article
Wilson, D. B., Brennan, I., & Olaghere, A. (2018). Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 14, https://doi.org/10.4073/csr.2018.5

Background Overly punitive responses to youth misconduct may have the unintended consequence of increasing the likelihood of future delinquency; yet, overly lenient responses may fail to serve as a corrective for the misbehavior. Police diversion... Read More

High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making (2017)
Book Chapter
Brennan, I. R. (2017). High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making. In W. Bernasco, J. van Gelder, H. Eiffers, & H. Elffers (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of offender decision makingOxford University Press (OUP). https://doi.org/10.1093...hb/9780199338801.013.17

This chapter describes the contradictory roles that weapons play in offender decision making as mechanisms that can both increase the physical harm to a victim of violence and also reduce the need for physical harm in victims of robbery. Because weap... Read More

Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project (2016)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R., Green, S., & Sturgeon-Adams, L. (2018). Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project. Policing and Society, 28(5), 570-586. https://doi.org/10.1080/10439463.2016.1187607

This paper provides an evaluation of a police pilot early-diversion scheme for adult females who were arrested for low-severity offences using a natural experiment design. The intervention is novel in that it diverts arrestees to a women’s centre for... Read More

Change in alcohol outlet density and alcohol-related harm to population health (CHALICE): a comprehensive record-linked database study in Wales (2016)
Journal Article
Fone, D., Morgan, J., Fry, R., Rodgers, S., Orford, S., Farewell, D., …Lyons, R. (2016). Change in alcohol outlet density and alcohol-related harm to population health (CHALICE): a comprehensive record-linked database study in Wales. Public Health Research, 4(3), 1-184. doi:10.3310/phr04030

Background Excess alcohol consumption has serious adverse effects on health and results in violence-related harm. Objective This study investigated the impact of change in community alcohol availability on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm... Read More

Value similarity: The key to building public trust in charitable organisations (2016)
Journal Article
Yang, Y., Brennan, I., & Wilkinson, M. (2016). Value similarity: The key to building public trust in charitable organisations. Voluntary Sector Review, 7(1), 47-66. https://doi.org/10.1332/204080516X14555532383091

© Policy Press 2016. This article explores the relationship between value similarity and public trust in charitable organisations. Through a focus group interview and an empirical study based on a sample in the United Kingdom, findings show that valu... Read More

When is violence not a crime? : factors associated with victims' labelling of violence as a crime (2015)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2016). When is violence not a crime? : factors associated with victims' labelling of violence as a crime. International review of victimology, 22(1), 3-23. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269758015610849

Many people do not regard violence against them as a crime, but the factors that influence this response are unknown. Understanding how the ‘crimeworthiness’ of violence is interpreted allows an insight into how victims make sense of their experience... Read More

Victim responses to violence : the effect of alcohol context on crime labeling (2015)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. (2016). Victim responses to violence : the effect of alcohol context on crime labeling. Journal of interpersonal violence, 31(6), 1116-1140. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260514564068

The labeling of an incident as a crime is an essential precursor to the use of criminal law, but the contextual factors that influence this decision are unknown. One such context that is a frequent setting for violence is the barroom. This study expl... Read More

Public trust and performance measurement in charitable organizations (2014)
Journal Article
Yang, Y., Brennan, I., & Wilkinson, M. (2014). Public trust and performance measurement in charitable organizations. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 63(6), 779-796. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijppm-09-2013-0159

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to seek to investigate public trust as an important factor of performance in the charitable sector, and explain the necessity of including public trust assessment in charity performance measurement. Design/m... Read More

An economic evaluation of anonymised information sharing in a partnership between health services, police and local government for preventing violence-related injury (2013)
Journal Article
Florence, C., Shepherd, J., Brennan, I., & Simon, T. R. (2014). An economic evaluation of anonymised information sharing in a partnership between health services, police and local government for preventing violence-related injury. Injury Prevention, 20(2), (108-114). doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2012-040622. ISSN 1353-8047

Objective To assess the costs and bene fi ts of a partnership between health services, police and local government shown to reduce violence-related injury. <div>Methods Benefi t-cost analysis.</div> <div>Results Anonymised information sharin... Read More

An exploratory randomised controlled trial of a premises-level intervention to reduce alcohol-related harm including violence in the United Kingdom (2012)
Journal Article
Moore, S. C., Murphy, S., Moore, S. N., Brennan, I., Byrne, E., Shepherd, J., & Moore, L. (2012). An exploratory randomised controlled trial of a premises-level intervention to reduce alcohol-related harm including violence in the United Kingdom. BMC public health, 12(412), doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-412. ISSN 1471-2458

Background To assess the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial of a licensed premises intervention to reduce severe intoxication and disorder; to establish effect sizes and identify appropriate approaches to the development and maintenance of... Read More

Effectiveness of anonymised information sharing and use in health service, police, and local government partnership for preventing violence related injury: experimental study and time series analysis (2011)
Journal Article
Florence, C., Shepherd, J., Brennan, I., & Simon, T. (2011). Effectiveness of anonymised information sharing and use in health service, police, and local government partnership for preventing violence related injury: experimental study and time series analysis. BMJ, 342(7812), d3313-d3313. doi:10.1136/bmj.d3313

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of anonymised information sharing to prevent injury related to violence. Design: Experimental study and time series analysis of a prototype community partnership between the health service, police, and local g... Read More

In Vino silentium? individual, situational, and alcohol-related factors in reporting violence to the police (2011)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2011). In Vino silentium? individual, situational, and alcohol-related factors in reporting violence to the police. Violence and Victims, 26(2), (191-207). doi:10.1891/0886-6708.26.2.191. ISSN 0886-6708

This study identifies the individual, situational, and alcohol-related factors associated with reporting violent victimization to the police. Factors positively associated with reporting included older age and incident severity (the assailant's use o... Read More

Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy (2011)
Journal Article
Moore, S. C., Brennan, I., & Murphy, S. (2011). Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 46(3), 357-363. doi:10.1093/alcalc/agr011

Aims: To assess associations between measures of premises-level alcohol-related harm and risk factors for harm. Methods: Thirty-two licensed premises with a history of on-premises violent assault were recruited. An environmental survey of the drinkin... Read More

Interventions for disorder and severe intoxication in and around licensed premises, 1989-2009 (2010)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., Byrne, E., & Murphy, S. (2011). Interventions for disorder and severe intoxication in and around licensed premises, 1989-2009. Addiction, 106(4), 706-713. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03297.x

Aims To systematically review rigorous evaluation studies into the effectiveness of interventions in and around licensed premises that aimed to reduce severe intoxication and disorder. Methods A systematic search was conducted. Papers that rigorously... Read More

The reduction of intoxication and disorder in premises licensed to serve alcohol: An exploratory randomised controlled trial (2010)
Journal Article
Moore, S. C., Brennan, I. R., Murphy, S., Byrne, E., Moore, S. N., Shepherd, J. P., & Moore, L. (2010). The reduction of intoxication and disorder in premises licensed to serve alcohol: An exploratory randomised controlled trial. BMC public health, 10(1), 607. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-10-607

Background: Licensed premises offer a valuable point of intervention to reduce alcohol-related harm. Objective: To describe the research design for an exploratory trial examining the feasibility and acceptability of a premises-level intervention desi... Read More

Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders (2010)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., & Shepherd, J. P. (2010). Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders. Psychiatry research, 178(3), (536-539). doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.05.006. ISSN 0165-1781

The use of weapons in violence increases both the severity of harm to victims and the severity of legal consequences for offenders, but little is known of the characteristics of violent offenders who choose to use weapons. Levels of anger, attitude t... Read More

Risk Factors for Violent Victimisation and Injury from Six Years of the British Crime Survey (2010)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., & Shepherd, J. P. (2010). Risk Factors for Violent Victimisation and Injury from Six Years of the British Crime Survey. International review of victimology, 17(2), (209-229). doi:10.1177/026975801001700204. ISSN 0269-7580

Identifying factors that increase the likelihood of victimisation and injury reveals the considerable variability across groups and between incidents. It also allows the efficient allocation of prevention resources to protect those at greatest risk o... Read More