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Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review (2018)
Journal Article
Wilson, D. B., Brennan, I., & Olaghere, A. (2018). Police-initiated diversion for youth to prevent future delinquent behavior: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 14, doi:10.4073/csr.2018.5

Background Overly punitive responses to youth misconduct may have the unintended consequence of increasing the likelihood of future delinquency; yet, overly lenient responses may fail to serve as a corrective for the misbehavior. Police diversion... Read More

Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control (2017)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., O'Leary, N., Burton, V., & Gormally, S. (in press). Service provider difficulties in operationalising coercive control. Violence against women, ISSN 1077-8012

We examined perspectives of social workers, police officers and specialist domestic abuse practitioners about their perceived ability and organisational readiness to respond effectively to incidents of coercive and controlling behaviour. Interviews r... Read More

High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making (2017)
Book
Brennan, I. R. (2017). High stakes: The role of weapons in offender decision making. In W. Bernasco, J. van Gelder, H. Eiffers, & H. Elffers (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of offender decision makingOxford: Oxford University Press (OUP). doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199338801.013.17

This chapter describes the contradictory roles that weapons play in offender decision making as mechanisms that can both increase the physical harm to a victim of violence and also reduce the need for physical harm in victims of robbery. Because weap... Read More

Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project (2016)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R., Brennan, I., Green, S., & Sturgeon-Adams, L. (2018). Early diversion and empowerment policing : evaluating an adult female offender triage project. Policing and Society, 28(5), (570-586). doi:10.1080/10439463.2016.1187607. ISSN 1043-9463

This paper provides an evaluation of a police pilot early-diversion scheme for adult females who were arrested for low-severity offences using a natural experiment design. The intervention is novel in that it diverts arrestees to a women’s centre for... Read More

Value similarity: The key to building public trust in charitable organisations (2016)
Journal Article
Yang, Y., Brennan, I., & Wilkinson, M. (2016). Value similarity: The key to building public trust in charitable organisations. Voluntary Sector Review, 7(1), (47-66). doi:10.1332/204080516X14555532383091. ISSN 2040-8056

© Policy Press 2016. This article explores the relationship between value similarity and public trust in charitable organisations. Through a focus group interview and an empirical study based on a sample in the United Kingdom, findings show that valu... Read More

When is violence not a crime? : factors associated with victims' labelling of violence as a crime (2015)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2016). When is violence not a crime? : factors associated with victims' labelling of violence as a crime. International review of victimology, 22(1), 3-23. doi:10.1177/0269758015610849

Many people do not regard violence against them as a crime, but the factors that influence this response are unknown. Understanding how the ‘crimeworthiness’ of violence is interpreted allows an insight into how victims make sense of their experience... Read More

Victim responses to violence : the effect of alcohol context on crime labeling (2015)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. (2016). Victim responses to violence : the effect of alcohol context on crime labeling. Journal of interpersonal violence, 31(6), (1116-1140). doi:10.1177/0886260514564068. ISSN 0886-2605

The labeling of an incident as a crime is an essential precursor to the use of criminal law, but the contextual factors that influence this decision are unknown. One such context that is a frequent setting for violence is the barroom. This study expl... Read More

In Vino silentium? individual, situational, and alcohol-related factors in reporting violence to the police (2011)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R. (2011). In Vino silentium? individual, situational, and alcohol-related factors in reporting violence to the police. Violence and Victims, 26(2), (191-207). doi:10.1891/0886-6708.26.2.191. ISSN 0886-6708

This study identifies the individual, situational, and alcohol-related factors associated with reporting violent victimization to the police. Factors positively associated with reporting included older age and incident severity (the assailant's use o... Read More

Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy (2011)
Journal Article
Moore, S. C., Brennan, I., & Murphy, S. (2011). Predicting and measuring premises-level harm in the night-time economy. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 46(3), (357-363). doi:10.1093/alcalc/agr011. ISSN 0735-0414

Aims: To assess associations between measures of premises-level alcohol-related harm and risk factors for harm. Methods: Thirty-two licensed premises with a history of on-premises violent assault were recruited. An environmental survey of the drinkin... Read More

Interventions for disorder and severe intoxication in and around licensed premises, 1989-2009 (2010)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., Byrne, E., & Murphy, S. (2011). Interventions for disorder and severe intoxication in and around licensed premises, 1989-2009. Addiction, 106(4), (706-713). doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03297.x. ISSN 0965-2140

Aims To systematically review rigorous evaluation studies into the effectiveness of interventions in and around licensed premises that aimed to reduce severe intoxication and disorder. Methods A systematic search was conducted. Papers that rigorously... Read More

Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders (2010)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., & Shepherd, J. P. (2010). Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders. Psychiatry research, 178(3), (536-539). doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2009.05.006. ISSN 0165-1781

The use of weapons in violence increases both the severity of harm to victims and the severity of legal consequences for offenders, but little is known of the characteristics of violent offenders who choose to use weapons. Levels of anger, attitude t... Read More

Risk Factors for Violent Victimisation and Injury from Six Years of the British Crime Survey (2010)
Journal Article
Brennan, I., Moore, S. C., & Shepherd, J. P. (2010). Risk Factors for Violent Victimisation and Injury from Six Years of the British Crime Survey. International review of victimology, 17(2), (209-229). doi:10.1177/026975801001700204. ISSN 0269-7580

Identifying factors that increase the likelihood of victimisation and injury reveals the considerable variability across groups and between incidents. It also allows the efficient allocation of prevention resources to protect those at greatest risk o... Read More

Weapons and violence: a review of theory and research (2009)
Journal Article
Brennan, I. R., & Moore, S. C. (2009). Weapons and violence: a review of theory and research. Aggression and violent behavior, 14(3), (215-225). doi:10.1016/j.avb.2009.03.003. ISSN 1359-1789

Weapons are used in approximately one quarter of all violent incidents and the majority of homicides in the US, and the UK. Despite their overwhelming contribution to violent harm, theories of weapon related behaviors are scarce, and little is known... Read More