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Diatom Biofilms: Ecosystem Engineering And Niche Construction (2021)
Book Chapter
Paterson, D. M. .., & Hope, J. (in press). Diatom Biofilms: Ecosystem Engineering And Niche Construction. In R. Gordon, S. A. Cohn, & K. M. Manoylov (Eds.), Diatom Gliding Motility: Biology and Applications. Wiley

Ecology is complex and while there is a modern drive towards a holistic or “ecosystem approach” for managing marine systems, we are still a long way from fully understanding the interactions between the various components of different ecosystems and... Read More about Diatom Biofilms: Ecosystem Engineering And Niche Construction.

A call to evaluate Plastic's impacts on marine benthic ecosystem interaction networks (2021)
Journal Article
Ladewig, S. M., Bianchi, T. S., Coco, G., Hope, J. A., & Thrush, S. F. (2021). A call to evaluate Plastic's impacts on marine benthic ecosystem interaction networks. Environmental pollution, 273, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2021.116423

Plastic pollution continues to seep into natural and pristine habitats. Emerging laboratory-based research has evoked concern regarding plastic’s impact on ecosystem structure and function, the essence of the ecosystem services that supports our life... Read More about A call to evaluate Plastic's impacts on marine benthic ecosystem interaction networks.

Effect of Nutrient Enrichment and Turbidity on Interactions Between Microphytobenthos and a Key Bivalve: Implications for Higher Trophic Levels (2020)
Journal Article
Hope, J. A., Hewitt, J., Pilditch, C. A., Savage, C., & Thrush, S. F. (in press). Effect of Nutrient Enrichment and Turbidity on Interactions Between Microphytobenthos and a Key Bivalve: Implications for Higher Trophic Levels. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00695

© Copyright © 2020 Hope, Hewitt, Pilditch, Savage and Thrush. Benthic diatoms are a high-quality food resource providing essential fatty acids to benthic grazers. Different stressors may alter the proportion of diatoms and other microalgae and thus c... Read More about Effect of Nutrient Enrichment and Turbidity on Interactions Between Microphytobenthos and a Key Bivalve: Implications for Higher Trophic Levels.

Effects of Polyester Microfibers on Microphytobenthos and Sediment-Dwelling Infauna (2020)
Journal Article
Hope, J. A., Coco, G., & Thrush, S. F. (2020). Effects of Polyester Microfibers on Microphytobenthos and Sediment-Dwelling Infauna. Environmental Science and Technology, 54(13), 7970-7982. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.0c00514

Microfibers often dominate sediment microplastic samples, but little is known about their ecological effects on benthic organisms and functions. Polyethylene terephthalate) (PET) microfibers were added to 36 sediment chambers at six concentrations (0... Read More about Effects of Polyester Microfibers on Microphytobenthos and Sediment-Dwelling Infauna.

Interactions between sediment microbial ecology and physical dynamics drive heterogeneity in contextually similar depositional systems (2020)
Journal Article
Hope, J. A., Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., Parsons, D. R., Manning, A. J., …Paterson, D. M. (2020). Interactions between sediment microbial ecology and physical dynamics drive heterogeneity in contextually similar depositional systems. Limnology and Oceanography, 65(10), 2403-2419. https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11461

This study focuses on the interactions between sediment stability and biological and physical variables that influence the erodibility across different habitats. Sampling at short-term temporal scales illustrated the persistence of the microphytobent... Read More about Interactions between sediment microbial ecology and physical dynamics drive heterogeneity in contextually similar depositional systems.

Biomediation of submarine sediment gravity flow dynamics (2019)
Journal Article
Craig, M. J., Baas, J. H., Amos, K. J., Strachan, L. J., Manning, A. J., Paterson, D. M., …Baker, M. L. (2020). Biomediation of submarine sediment gravity flow dynamics. Geology, 48(1), 72-76. https://doi.org/10.1130/G46837.1

Sediment gravity flows are the primary process by which sediment and organic carbon are transported from the continental margin to the deep ocean. Up to 40% of the total marine organic carbon pool is represented by cohesive extracellular polymeric su... Read More about Biomediation of submarine sediment gravity flow dynamics.

Old Tools, New Ways of Using Them: Harnessing Expert Opinions to Plan for Surprise in Marine Socio-Ecological Systems (2019)
Journal Article
Gladstone-Gallagher, R. V., Hope, J. A., Bulmer, R. H., Clark, D. E., Stephenson, F., Mangan, S., …Thrush, S. F. (2019). Old Tools, New Ways of Using Them: Harnessing Expert Opinions to Plan for Surprise in Marine Socio-Ecological Systems. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00696

Copyright © 2019 Gladstone-Gallagher, Hope, Bulmer, Clark, Stephenson, Mangan, Rullens, Siwicka, Thomas, Pilditch, Savage and Thrush. With globally accelerating rates of environmental disturbance, coastal marine ecosystems are increasingly prone to n... Read More about Old Tools, New Ways of Using Them: Harnessing Expert Opinions to Plan for Surprise in Marine Socio-Ecological Systems.

The role of microphytobenthos in soft‐sediment ecological networks and their contribution to the delivery of multiple ecosystem services (2019)
Journal Article
Hope, J. A., Paterson, D. M., & Thrush, S. F. (2020). The role of microphytobenthos in soft‐sediment ecological networks and their contribution to the delivery of multiple ecosystem services. Journal of Ecology, 108(3), 815-830. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13322

Sediment dwelling, microscopic primary producers, that occupy sediments in the photic zone, are commonly referred to as microphytobenthos (MPB). The MPB are essential components of soft-sediment systems, but are often overlooked when assessing coasta... Read More about The role of microphytobenthos in soft‐sediment ecological networks and their contribution to the delivery of multiple ecosystem services.

Integrating field and laboratory approaches for ripple development in mixed sand–clay–EPS (2019)
Journal Article
Baas, J. H., Baker, M. L., Malarkey, J., Bass, S. J., Manning, A. J., Hope, J. A., …Thorne, P. D. (2019). Integrating field and laboratory approaches for ripple development in mixed sand–clay–EPS. Sedimentology, 66(7), 2749-2768. https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12611

The shape and size of sedimentary bedforms play a key role in the reconstruction of sedimentary processes in modern and ancient environments. Recent laboratory experiments have shown that bedforms in mixed sand–clay develop at a slower rate and ofte... Read More about Integrating field and laboratory approaches for ripple development in mixed sand–clay–EPS.

Form, function and physics: The ecology of biogenic stabilization (2018)
Journal Article
Paterson, D. M., Hope, J. A., Kenworthy, J. M., Biles, C. L., & Gerbersdorf, S. U. (2018). Form, function and physics: The ecology of biogenic stabilization. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 18(10), 3044-3054. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-2005-4

The effect of biological cohesion on the behaviour of sediments is gaining increasing notice. This is partly supported by ecological theory in terms of the role of organisms as “ecosystem engineers” and the associated discussion of “niche constructio... Read More about Form, function and physics: The ecology of biogenic stabilization.

Form, function and physics: the ecology of biogenic stabilisation (2018)
Journal Article
Paterson, D. M., Hope, J. A., Kenworthy, J., Biles, C. L., & Gerbersdorf, S. U. (2018). Form, function and physics: the ecology of biogenic stabilisation. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 18(10), 3044-3054. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11368-018-2005-4

Purpose: The objective of this work is to better understand the role that biological mediation plays in the behaviour of fine sediments. This research is supported by developments in ecological theory recognising organisms as “ecosystem engineers” an... Read More about Form, function and physics: the ecology of biogenic stabilisation.

Bedform migration in a mixed sand and cohesive clay intertidal environment and implications for bed material transport predictions (2018)
Journal Article
Lichtman, I. D., Baas, J. H., Amoudry, L. O., Thorne, P. D., Malarkey, J., Hope, J. A., …Ye, L. (2018). Bedform migration in a mixed sand and cohesive clay intertidal environment and implications for bed material transport predictions. Geomorphology, 315, 17-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2018.04.016

Many coastal and estuarine environments are dominated by mixtures of non-cohesive sand and cohesive mud. The migration rate of bedforms, such as ripples and dunes, in these environments is important in determining bed material transport rates to info... Read More about Bedform migration in a mixed sand and cohesive clay intertidal environment and implications for bed material transport predictions.

The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS (2016)
Journal Article
Parsons, D. R., Schindler, R. J., Hope, J. A., Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., …Thorne, P. D. (2016). The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS. Geophysical research letters, 43(4), 1566-1573. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016gl067667

Biologically active, fine-grained sediment forms abundant sedimentary deposits on Earth's surface, and mixed mud-sand dominates many coasts, deltas, and estuaries. Our predictions of sediment transport and bed roughness in these environments presentl... Read More about The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size: COHESION IN SUBAQUEOUS BED FORMS.

The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development (2015)
Journal Article
Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Hope, J. A., Aspden, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Peakall, J., …Thorne, P. D. (2015). The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development. Nature communications, 6(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms7257

Sediment fluxes in aquatic environments are crucially dependent on bedform dynamics. However, sediment-flux predictions rely almost completely on clean-sand studies, despite most environments being composed of mixtures of non-cohesive sands, physical... Read More about The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development.