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Exercise tolerance during VO2 max testing is a multifactorial psychobiological phenomenon (2017)
Journal Article
McNaughton, L. R., Midgley, A. W., Earle, K., McNaugton, L. R., Siegler, J. C., Clough, P., & Earle, F. (2017). Exercise tolerance during VO2 max testing is a multifactorial psychobiological phenomenon. Research in Sports Medicine, 25(4), (480-494). doi:10.1080/15438627.2017.1365294. ISSN 1543-8627

© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Fifty-nine men completed a VO 2max test and a questionnaire to establish reasons for test termination, perceived exercise reserve (difference between actual test duration and the duratio... Read More

Separating the effects of task load and task motivation on the effort–fatigue relationship (2015)
Journal Article
Earle, F., Hockey, B., Earle, K., & Clough, P. (2015). Separating the effects of task load and task motivation on the effort–fatigue relationship. Motivation and emotion, 39(4), 467-476. doi:10.1007/s11031-015-9481-2

A study is reported on the effects of task load and task motivation on the relationship between effort and fatigue in a demanding life-support simulation, aimed to test the hypothesis that effort, rather than demands, was the direct cause of fatigue... Read More

Combining internal- and external-training-load measures in professional rugby league (2014)
Journal Article
Abt, G., Earle, K., Marshall, P., Nevill, A., & Weaving, D. (2014). Combining internal- and external-training-load measures in professional rugby league. International journal of sports physiology and performance : IJSPP, 9(6), (905-912). doi:10.1123/ijspp.2013-0444. ISSN 1555-0265

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of training mode on the relationships between measures of training load in professional rugby league players. Methods: Five measures of training load (internal: individualized training impulse, session rati... Read More

Factorial validity of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 (2012)
Journal Article
Clough, P. J., Perry, J. L., Nicholls, A. R., Earle, K., Nicholls, A., Perry, J., & Crust, L. (2013). Factorial validity of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48. Personality and individual differences, 54(5), (587-592). doi:10.1016/j.paid.2012.11.020. ISSN 0191-8869

The purpose of this study was to assess the factorial validity of the Mental Toughness Questionnaire-48 (Clough, Earle, & Sewell, 2002). In total, 8207 participants (male n= 4019, female n= 3922, unspecified = 266) aged between 16 and 68. years (M=... Read More