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Growth and redistribution impacts of income taxes in the Thai Economy: A dynamic CGE analysis (2020)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., & Benjasak, C. (2021). Growth and redistribution impacts of income taxes in the Thai Economy: A dynamic CGE analysis. Journal of economic asymmetries, 23, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeca.2020.e00189

A reform in the personal income tax (PIT) is helpful in reducing inequality in the distribution of income and consumption in both short and long terms in Thailand. It boosts private consumption, investment, employment, capital stock, exports, imports... Read More about Growth and redistribution impacts of income taxes in the Thai Economy: A dynamic CGE analysis.

Does corruption matter for stock markets? The role of heterogeneous institutions (2020)
Journal Article
Lakshmi, G., Saha, S., & Bhattarai, K. (2021). Does corruption matter for stock markets? The role of heterogeneous institutions. Economic modelling, 94, 386-400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2020.10.011

In examining the role of institutions in resisting corruption and its impact on growth, most studies concentrate on the aggregate level and conclude that sound institutions enhance growth. We focus instead on varying dimensions of heterogeneous insti... Read More about Does corruption matter for stock markets? The role of heterogeneous institutions.

Are global spillovers complementary or competitive? Need for international policy coordination (2020)
Journal Article
Mallick, S. K., Bhattarai, K., Mallick, S., & Yang, B. (2021). Are global spillovers complementary or competitive? Need for international policy coordination. Journal of International Money and Finance, 110, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jimonfin.2020.102291

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Advanced and emerging economies are becoming more interdependent with rapid pace of globalization of capital markets and technological innovations in recent years. We examine whether technology and monetary policy shocks get trans... Read More about Are global spillovers complementary or competitive? Need for international policy coordination.

Real Exchange Rate Misalignments of Libyan Dinar: Fundamentals and Markov Switching Regimes (2020)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., & Ben-Naser, A. (2020). Real Exchange Rate Misalignments of Libyan Dinar: Fundamentals and Markov Switching Regimes. Journal of Development Economics and Finance, 1(1), 151-162

This study found evidence for a time-varying misalignments of equilibrium RER of the Libyan dinar. Markov switching model explains the overvaluation episodes during. Policy makers should urgently align the actual exchange rate very close to the movem... Read More about Real Exchange Rate Misalignments of Libyan Dinar: Fundamentals and Markov Switching Regimes.

Impacts of GST Reforms on Efficiency, Growth and Redistribution of Income in India: A Dynamic CGE Analysis (2020)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., & Bhattarai, K. (2020). Impacts of GST Reforms on Efficiency, Growth and Redistribution of Income in India: A Dynamic CGE Analysis. Journal of Development Economics and Finance, 1(1), 93-133

Goods and service tax (GST) introduced as a 'good and simple tax' on 1 July 2017 by the Modi government is the boldest measure of tax reform so far in India. The major aim of this paper is to evaluate the micro and macro impacts of the goods and serv... Read More about Impacts of GST Reforms on Efficiency, Growth and Redistribution of Income in India: A Dynamic CGE Analysis.

Constitution, Institutions and A Model for Economic Development in Nepal (2020)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2020). Constitution, Institutions and A Model for Economic Development in Nepal. Asian Journal of Economics and Finance, 2(2), 119-151

Nepal made significant progress in removing monarchy and terrors of Maoists in the last decade. It however lacks a stable solution for speedier economic growth and development as the major political parties are still struggling to institutionalize th... Read More about Constitution, Institutions and A Model for Economic Development in Nepal.

Capital adjustment cost and inconsistency in income‐based dynamic panel models with fixed effects (2019)
Journal Article
Basu, P., Bhattarai, K., & Getachew, Y. (2019). Capital adjustment cost and inconsistency in income‐based dynamic panel models with fixed effects. German Economic Review, 20(4), e1002-e1018. https://doi.org/10.1111/geer.12202

After the seminal work of Steve Nickell (1981) [S. Nickel, 1981. Biases in dynamic models with fixed effects. Econometrica 49 (6), 1417--1426], a vast literature demonstrate the inconsistency of "conditional convergence" estimator in income based dyn... Read More about Capital adjustment cost and inconsistency in income‐based dynamic panel models with fixed effects.

General Equilibrium Impacts of VAT and Corporate Income Tax in Thailand (2019)
Journal Article
Benjasak, C., & Bhattarai, K. (in press). General Equilibrium Impacts of VAT and Corporate Income Tax in Thailand. International Advances in Economic Research, 25, 263-276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-019-09742-7

In this paper, a computable general equilibrium model of Thailand is constructed in order to assess economy-wide impacts of reforms in the value added tax (VAT) and corporate income tax (CIT) on welfare and reallocation of resources across production... Read More about General Equilibrium Impacts of VAT and Corporate Income Tax in Thailand.

Impacts of Direct and Indirect Tax Reforms in Vietnam: A CGE Analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Nguyen, D. T. K., & Nguyen, C. V. (2019). Impacts of Direct and Indirect Tax Reforms in Vietnam: A CGE Analysis. Economies, 7(2), https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7020050

The study applies a multi-sector multi-household static computable general equilibrium (CGE) tax model to assess the economy-wide impacts of taxes in Vietnam. It examines two tax reform scenarios based on the tax reform plan proposed by the Vietnam M... Read More about Impacts of Direct and Indirect Tax Reforms in Vietnam: A CGE Analysis.

Impacts of Trump tax reforms on growth, inequality and debt (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Haughton, J. H., & Tuerck, D. (2017). Impacts of Trump tax reforms on growth, inequality and debt. 00 Journal not listed, 20-21

Reforming the tax system of the US has become a major policy agenda of the Trump administration. After months of negotiations the “Big Six”, including the Treasury Secretary, National Economic Director, Republicans in the House and the Senate are gra... Read More about Impacts of Trump tax reforms on growth, inequality and debt.

The distributional effects of the Trump and Clinton tax proposals (2017)
Journal Article
Haughton, J., Bachman, P., Bhattarai, K., & Tuerck, D. G. (2017). The distributional effects of the Trump and Clinton tax proposals. Atlantic Economic Journal, 45(4), 453-472. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11293-017-9554-6

Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, the Democratic and Republican candidates for President of the U.S. in 2016, proposed several changes in the federal tax code. Hillary Clinton would add a personal income tax surcharge of 4% on high annual incomes, li... Read More about The distributional effects of the Trump and Clinton tax proposals.

Tax plan debates in the US presidential election : a dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Bachman, P., Conte, F., Haughton, J., Head, M., & Tuerck, D. G. (2018). Tax plan debates in the US presidential election : a dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs. Economic modelling, 68, (529-542). doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2017.08.031. ISSN 0264-9993

The two major candidates in the 2016 presidential election made sharply different proposals for reforming the Federal tax code. Donald Trump proposed cutting taxes to provide “tax relief for middle-class Americans”, and lowering corporation taxes to... Read More about Tax plan debates in the US presidential election : a dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs.

Dynamic CGE model of the Chinese economy for fiscal and financial policy analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2017). Dynamic CGE model of the Chinese economy for fiscal and financial policy analysis. USA-China business review, 16(4), 141-164 . https://doi.org/10.17265/1537-1514/2017.04.001

China is to become the largest economy in the world by 2020 according to the IMF forecasts. Annual growth rates of output remained around 9.3 percent on average during 1980 to 2015. It was made possible by the accumulation capital with steady flows o... Read More about Dynamic CGE model of the Chinese economy for fiscal and financial policy analysis.

Simulating corporate income tax reform proposals with a dynamic CGE model (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Haughton, J., Head, M., & Tuerck, D. G. (2017). Simulating corporate income tax reform proposals with a dynamic CGE model. International Journal of Economics and Finance, 9(5), 20-35 . https://doi.org/10.5539/ijef.v9n5p20

Opinion leaders and policy makers in the United States have turned their focus to the corporate income tax, which now has the highest statutory rate in the developed world. Using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model (the “NCPA-DCGE Model”),... Read More about Simulating corporate income tax reform proposals with a dynamic CGE model.

Determinants of wages and labour supply in the UK (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2017). Determinants of wages and labour supply in the UK. Chinese Business Review, 16(3), 126-140 . https://doi.org/10.17265/1537-1506/2017.03.002

We explore characteristics of the UK labour market with special emphasis on explanation of the existing wage inequalities, determinants of participation and variation in the magnitude of hours of labour supplied among individuals. We explain up to 92... Read More about Determinants of wages and labour supply in the UK.

Welfare and distributional impacts of financial liberalization in an open economy : lessons from a multi-sectoral dynamic CGE model for Nepal (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Welfare and distributional impacts of financial liberalization in an open economy : lessons from a multi-sectoral dynamic CGE model for Nepal. International Business Research, 10(1), 181-198. doi:10.5539/ibr.v10n1p181

By equalizing rates of return across sectors, financial liberalization improves efficiency and equalizes the distribution of income. Efficiency gained in the allocation of resources increases capital usage more in previously heavily repressed sectors... Read More about Welfare and distributional impacts of financial liberalization in an open economy : lessons from a multi-sectoral dynamic CGE model for Nepal.

Macroeconomic impacts of fiscal policy shocks in the UK : a DSGE analysis (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., & Trzeciakiewicz, D. (2017). Macroeconomic impacts of fiscal policy shocks in the UK : a DSGE analysis. Economic modelling, 61, 321-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2016.10.012

This paper develops and estimates a new-Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model for the analysis of fiscal policy in the UK. We find that government consumption and investment yield the highest GDP multipliers in the short-run,... Read More about Macroeconomic impacts of fiscal policy shocks in the UK : a DSGE analysis.

Impact of foreign aid on growth and trade (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Impact of foreign aid on growth and trade. Journal of economics and development studies, 4(3), doi:10.15640/jeds.v4n3a4

Foreign aid from the donors may or may not raise growth rates in receiving countries. In general they may increase investment but if the amount of aid is associated with conditionality of exports, that will have negative impacts on growth rates. Simu... Read More about Impact of foreign aid on growth and trade.

Growth and income distributions in four EU economies (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Growth and income distributions in four EU economies. International Advances in Economic Research, 22(3), 263-277 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-016-9594-8

Dynamic multi-sectoral and multi-household general equilibrium models are constructed to show how the economies of Germany, France, Spain and the United Kingdom will evolve from 2006 to 2090. These models generate dynamic paths of investment and capi... Read More about Growth and income distributions in four EU economies.

Theories of redistribution and share of labour income (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Bhattarai, K. (2016, June). Theories of redistribution and share of labour income. Paper presented at European Economics and Finance Society (EEFS) 2016

Abstract We review the functional and size theories of income distribution in the context of growing inequality around the world. The causes for the observed patterns on the shares of labour and capital income in classical, neoclassical, Marxian, str... Read More about Theories of redistribution and share of labour income.