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Capital adjustment cost and inconsistency in income‐based dynamic panel models with fixed effects (2019)
Journal Article
Basu, P., Bhattarai, K., & Getachew, Y. (2019). Capital adjustment cost and inconsistency in income‐based dynamic panel models with fixed effects. German Economic Review, 20(4), e1002-e1018. https://doi.org/10.1111/geer.12202

After the seminal work of Steve Nickell (1981) [S. Nickel, 1981. Biases in dynamic models with fixed effects. Econometrica 49 (6), 1417--1426], a vast literature demonstrate the inconsistency of "conditional convergence" estimator in income based dyn... Read More about Capital adjustment cost and inconsistency in income‐based dynamic panel models with fixed effects.

General Equilibrium Impacts of VAT and Corporate Income Tax in Thailand (2019)
Journal Article
Benjasak, C., & Bhattarai, K. (in press). General Equilibrium Impacts of VAT and Corporate Income Tax in Thailand. International Advances in Economic Research, 25, 263-276. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-019-09742-7

In this paper, a computable general equilibrium model of Thailand is constructed in order to assess economy-wide impacts of reforms in the value added tax (VAT) and corporate income tax (CIT) on welfare and reallocation of resources across production... Read More about General Equilibrium Impacts of VAT and Corporate Income Tax in Thailand.

Impacts of Direct and Indirect Tax Reforms in Vietnam: A CGE Analysis (2019)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Nguyen, D. T. K., & Nguyen, C. V. (2019). Impacts of Direct and Indirect Tax Reforms in Vietnam: A CGE Analysis. Economies, 7(2), https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7020050

The study applies a multi-sector multi-household static computable general equilibrium (CGE) tax model to assess the economy-wide impacts of taxes in Vietnam. It examines two tax reform scenarios based on the tax reform plan proposed by the Vietnam M... Read More about Impacts of Direct and Indirect Tax Reforms in Vietnam: A CGE Analysis.

Impacts of Trump tax reforms on growth, inequality and debt (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Haughton, J. H., & Tuerck, D. (2017). Impacts of Trump tax reforms on growth, inequality and debt. 00 Journal not listed, 20-21

Reforming the tax system of the US has become a major policy agenda of the Trump administration. After months of negotiations the “Big Six”, including the Treasury Secretary, National Economic Director, Republicans in the House and the Senate are gra... Read More about Impacts of Trump tax reforms on growth, inequality and debt.

The distributional effects of the Trump and Clinton tax proposals (2017)
Journal Article
Haughton, J., Bachman, P., Bhattarai, K., & Tuerck, D. G. (2017). The distributional effects of the Trump and Clinton tax proposals. Atlantic Economic Journal, 45(4), 453-472. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11293-017-9554-6

Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, the Democratic and Republican candidates for President of the U.S. in 2016, proposed several changes in the federal tax code. Hillary Clinton would add a personal income tax surcharge of 4% on high annual incomes, li... Read More about The distributional effects of the Trump and Clinton tax proposals.

Tax plan debates in the US presidential election : a dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Bachman, P., Conte, F., Haughton, J., Head, M., & Tuerck, D. G. (2018). Tax plan debates in the US presidential election : a dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs. Economic modelling, 68, (529-542). doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2017.08.031. ISSN 0264-9993

The two major candidates in the 2016 presidential election made sharply different proposals for reforming the Federal tax code. Donald Trump proposed cutting taxes to provide “tax relief for middle-class Americans”, and lowering corporation taxes to... Read More about Tax plan debates in the US presidential election : a dynamic CGE analysis of growth and redistribution trade-offs.

Dynamic CGE model of the Chinese economy for fiscal and financial policy analysis (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2017). Dynamic CGE model of the Chinese economy for fiscal and financial policy analysis. USA-China business review, 16(4), 141-164. https://doi.org/10.17265/1537-1514/2017.04.001

China is to become the largest economy in the world by 2020 according to the IMF forecasts. Annual growth rates of output remained around 9.3 percent on average during 1980 to 2015. It was made possible by the accumulation capital with steady flows o... Read More about Dynamic CGE model of the Chinese economy for fiscal and financial policy analysis.

Simulating corporate income tax reform proposals with a dynamic CGE model (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Haughton, J., Head, M., & Tuerck, D. G. (2017). Simulating corporate income tax reform proposals with a dynamic CGE model. International Journal of Economics and Finance, 9(5), 20-35. https://doi.org/10.5539/ijef.v9n5p20

Opinion leaders and policy makers in the United States have turned their focus to the corporate income tax, which now has the highest statutory rate in the developed world. Using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model (the “NCPA-DCGE Model”),... Read More about Simulating corporate income tax reform proposals with a dynamic CGE model.

Determinants of wages and labour supply in the UK (2017)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2017). Determinants of wages and labour supply in the UK. Chinese Business Review, 16(3), 126-140. https://doi.org/10.17265/1537-1506/2017.03.002

We explore characteristics of the UK labour market with special emphasis on explanation of the existing wage inequalities, determinants of participation and variation in the magnitude of hours of labour supplied among individuals. We explain up to 92... Read More about Determinants of wages and labour supply in the UK.

Welfare and distributional impacts of financial liberalization in an open economy : lessons from a multi-sectoral dynamic CGE model for Nepal (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Welfare and distributional impacts of financial liberalization in an open economy : lessons from a multi-sectoral dynamic CGE model for Nepal. International Business Research, 10(1), 181-198. doi:10.5539/ibr.v10n1p181

By equalizing rates of return across sectors, financial liberalization improves efficiency and equalizes the distribution of income. Efficiency gained in the allocation of resources increases capital usage more in previously heavily repressed sectors... Read More about Welfare and distributional impacts of financial liberalization in an open economy : lessons from a multi-sectoral dynamic CGE model for Nepal.

Macroeconomic impacts of fiscal policy shocks in the UK : a DSGE analysis (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., & Trzeciakiewicz, D. (2017). Macroeconomic impacts of fiscal policy shocks in the UK : a DSGE analysis. Economic modelling, 61, 321-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2016.10.012

This paper develops and estimates a new-Keynesian dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model for the analysis of fiscal policy in the UK. We find that government consumption and investment yield the highest GDP multipliers in the short-run,... Read More about Macroeconomic impacts of fiscal policy shocks in the UK : a DSGE analysis.

Impact of foreign aid on growth and trade (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Impact of foreign aid on growth and trade. Journal of economics and development studies, 4(3), doi:10.15640/jeds.v4n3a4

Foreign aid from the donors may or may not raise growth rates in receiving countries. In general they may increase investment but if the amount of aid is associated with conditionality of exports, that will have negative impacts on growth rates. Simu... Read More about Impact of foreign aid on growth and trade.

Growth and income distributions in four EU economies (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Growth and income distributions in four EU economies. International Advances in Economic Research, 22(3), 263-277. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11294-016-9594-8

Dynamic multi-sectoral and multi-household general equilibrium models are constructed to show how the economies of Germany, France, Spain and the United Kingdom will evolve from 2006 to 2090. These models generate dynamic paths of investment and capi... Read More about Growth and income distributions in four EU economies.

Theories of redistribution and share of labour income (2016)
Presentation / Conference
Bhattarai, K. (2016, June). Theories of redistribution and share of labour income. Paper presented at European Economics and Finance Society (EEFS) 2016

Abstract We review the functional and size theories of income distribution in the context of growing inequality around the world. The causes for the observed patterns on the shares of labour and capital income in classical, neoclassical, Marxian, str... Read More about Theories of redistribution and share of labour income.

Unemployment-inflation trade-offs in OECD countries (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). Unemployment-inflation trade-offs in OECD countries. Economic modelling, 58, 93-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econmod.2016.05.007

© 2016 The Author. Inflation and unemployment reduce welfare of individuals and should be as low as possible in any economy. Cointegration and Granger causality tests suggest that there are long run relations between these two variables among the OEC... Read More about Unemployment-inflation trade-offs in OECD countries.

The economic effects of the fair tax: analysis of results of a dynamic CGE model of the US economy (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K., Haughton, J., & Tuerck, D. G. (2016). The economic effects of the fair tax: analysis of results of a dynamic CGE model of the US economy. International economics and economic policy : IEEP, 13(3), (451-466). doi:10.1007/s10368-016-0352-4. ISSN 1612-4804

By replacing the current income tax with a national sales tax, the FairTax proposal would end the double taxation of saving inherent in the existing tax code and, by doing so, raise output, employment, investment and capital stock relative to the ben... Read More about The economic effects of the fair tax: analysis of results of a dynamic CGE model of the US economy.

FDI and growth (2016)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2016). FDI and growth. Advances in Management and Applied Economics, 6(2), 1-23

Multinational corporations [MNCs] usually engage in foreign direct investment [FDI] to take cost advantages of producing abroad to negate the need for licensing or subsidiary production. At the macro level, FDI accounts for significant proportions of... Read More about FDI and growth.

Fiscal policy, growth and income distribution in the UK (2015)
Journal Article
Haughtony, J., Tuerck, D. G., Bhattarai, K., Haughton, J. H., & Tuerck, D. (2015). Fiscal policy, growth and income distribution in the UK. Applied economics and finance, 2(3), 20-36. doi:10.11114/aef.v2i3.830

Income and income inequality increased substantially in the UK during the industrial revolution. Income inequality was the highest around 1880. This triggered enactments of more egalitarian tax and transfer system, which halved income inequality by t... Read More about Fiscal policy, growth and income distribution in the UK.

Financial deepening and economic growth in advanced and emerging economies (2015)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2015). Financial deepening and economic growth in advanced and emerging economies. Review of development economics, 19(1), 178-195. https://doi.org/10.1111/rode.12133

While over-…financing caused crises and slow growth in advanced economies including Germany, France and the UK after 2008, more prudent …financial deepening sustained higher economic growth in China and India - two major emerging economies in the wor... Read More about Financial deepening and economic growth in advanced and emerging economies.

Financial deepening and economic growth (2014)
Journal Article
Bhattarai, K. (2015). Financial deepening and economic growth. Applied economics, 47(11), 1133-1150. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2014.993130

The core of Shapley-Shubik games and general equilibrium models with a Venn diagram is applied for a theory on the role of real finance in economic growth among advanced economies. Then the dynamic computable general equilibrium (DCGE) models for Ger... Read More about Financial deepening and economic growth.