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Forced marriage, slavery, and plural legal systems: An African example (2016)
Journal Article
Sarich, J., Olivier, M., & Bales, K. (2016). Forced marriage, slavery, and plural legal systems: An African example. Human rights quarterly, 38(2), 450-476 . https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2016.0030

Slavery, long abolished under international law, left a devastating imprint on Africa. However, enslavement of women through forced marriages remains a common phenomenon in many African states. These African states share the common feature of legal p... Read More about Forced marriage, slavery, and plural legal systems: An African example.

Slavery is bad for business: analyzing the impact of slavery on national economies (2013)
Journal Article
Datta, M. N., & Bales, K. (2013). Slavery is bad for business: analyzing the impact of slavery on national economies. Brown Journal of World Affairs, 19(2), 205-224

Public discourse on human trafficking and modern-day slavery is reaching a tipping point -- it is coming to be understood as a global problem with economic and policy implications far beyond simple reports of cross-border human trafficking. A decade... Read More about Slavery is bad for business: analyzing the impact of slavery on national economies.

Slavery in Europe: part 1, estimating the dark figure (2013)
Journal Article
Datta, M. N., & Bales, K. (2013). Slavery in Europe: part 1, estimating the dark figure. Human rights quarterly, 35(4), 817-829. https://doi.org/10.1353/hrq.2013.0051

The estimation of the "dark figure" for any crime (the number of actual instances of a specific crime committed minus the reported cases of that crime within a population) has primarily rested on the ability to conduct random sample crime surveys. Su... Read More about Slavery in Europe: part 1, estimating the dark figure.

Slavery and its definition (2012)
Journal Article
Allain, J., & Bales, K. (2012). Slavery and its definition. Global Dialogue, 14(2), 6-14

Had the abolitionists of the past, the likes of Abraham Lincoln or William Wilberforce, been able to see into the twenty-first century, what might have struck them as very strange was that while they had come far in ending slavery and suppressing hum... Read More about Slavery and its definition.