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Forced marriage, slavery, and plural legal systems: An African example (2016)
Journal Article
Olivier, M., Bales, K., & Sarich, J. (2016). Forced marriage, slavery, and plural legal systems: An African example. Human rights quarterly, 38(2), (450-476). doi:10.1353/hrq.2016.0030. ISSN 0275-0392

Slavery, long abolished under international law, left a devastating imprint on Africa. However, enslavement of women through forced marriages remains a common phenomenon in many African states. These African states share the common feature of legal p... Read More

Slavery in Europe: part 1, estimating the dark figure (2013)
Journal Article
Datta, M. N., & Bales, K. (2013). Slavery in Europe: part 1, estimating the dark figure. Human rights quarterly, 35(4), (817-829). doi:10.1353/hrq.2013.0051. ISSN 0275-0392

The estimation of the "dark figure" for any crime (the number of actual instances of a specific crime committed minus the reported cases of that crime within a population) has primarily rested on the ability to conduct random sample crime surveys. Su... Read More

Slavery is bad for business : analyzing the impact of slavery on national economies
Journal Article
Datta, M. N., & Bales, K. Slavery is bad for business : analyzing the impact of slavery on national economies. Brown Journal of World Affairs, 19(2), (205-224). ISSN 1080-0786

Public discourse on human trafficking and modern-day slavery is reaching a tipping point -- it is coming to be understood as a global problem with economic and policy implications far beyond simple reports of cross-border human trafficking. A decade... Read More