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Normative reference values for estimated cardiorespiratory fitness in apparently healthy British men and women (2020)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Rigby, A., Brodie, D., & Sandercock, G. (2020). Normative reference values for estimated cardiorespiratory fitness in apparently healthy British men and women. PLoS ONE, 15(10), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0240099

Copyright: © 2020 Ingle et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and sour... Read More about Normative reference values for estimated cardiorespiratory fitness in apparently healthy British men and women.

Presurgery exercise-based conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease (Review) (2020)
Journal Article
Harwood, A. E., Palmer, J., Pymer, S., Smith, G. E., Harwood, A., Ingle, L., …Chetter, I. C. (2020). Presurgery exercise-based conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease (Review). The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2020(9), https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD013407.pub2

Copyright © 2020 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Background: Lower limb peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a type of cardiovascular disease where the blood vessels that carry the blood to the legs are hardened and... Read More about Presurgery exercise-based conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease (Review).

Characterising the application of the “progressive overload” principle of exercise training within cardiac rehabilitation: a United Kingdom-based community programme (2020)
Journal Article
Khushhal, A., Nichols, S., Carroll, S., Abt, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). Characterising the application of the “progressive overload” principle of exercise training within cardiac rehabilitation: a United Kingdom-based community programme. PLoS ONE, 15(8), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0237197

BACKGROUND: Recent concerns have cast doubt over the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation [CR] programmes for improving cardiorespiratory fitness [CRF] in patients with a history of cardiac disease in the United Kingdom [UK]. We aimed to character... Read More about Characterising the application of the “progressive overload” principle of exercise training within cardiac rehabilitation: a United Kingdom-based community programme.

Current insights into exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure (2020)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., McGregor, G., Breckon, J., & Ingle, L. (in press). Current insights into exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure. International journal of sports medicine, https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1198-5573

Cardiac rehabilitation is a package of lifestyle secondary prevention strategies designed for patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure. A community-based cardiac rehabilitation programme provides patients with a structured exerc... Read More about Current insights into exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with coronary heart disease and chronic heart failure.

high INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multi-centre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study (2020)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Harwood, A., Ibeggazene, S., McGregor, G., Huang, C., Twiddy, M., …Chetter, I. C. (2020). high INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multi-centre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study. BMJ open, 10(7), https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038825

Introduction: The first-line recommended treatment for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), is a supervised exercise programme (SEP), which includes a minimum of 2 hours exercise per week over a 12-week period. However, provision, uptake, an... Read More about high INtensity Interval Training In pATiEnts with intermittent claudication (INITIATE): protocol for a multi-centre, proof-of-concept, prospective interventional study.

The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors (2020)
Journal Article
Ghannadi, S., Shariat, A., Ansari, N., Tavakol, Z., Honarpishe, R., Hakakzadeh, A., …Ingle, L. (2020). The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases, 29(6), https://doi.org/10.1016...rebrovasdis.2020.104814

Background: Spasticity is one of the main complications in post-stroke survivors leading to difficulties in walking and standing resulting in high levels of disability. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of deep dry need... Read More about The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors.

Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study (2020)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Taylor, C., Goodman, T., Page, R., Kallvikbacka-Bennett, A., Nation, F., …Ingle, L. (2020). Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study. International journal of cardiology, 305, 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.01.044

© 2020 The Authors Background: Recent evidence suggests that routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) may not lead to a substantial increase in estimated peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak). This could reduce the potential benefits of CR and expl... Read More about Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study.

Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review (2020)
Journal Article
Soori, R., Gharehlo, A., Hashemi, N., Hashemi, N., & Ingle, L. (in press). Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review. World Heart Journal,

Elite young athletes with clinically silent cardiovascular disorders are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in competitive sports activity. SCD is caused by a variety of conditions; in middle-aged/senior athletes, atherosclerotic coronary artery d... Read More about Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review.

Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort (2019)
Journal Article
Turpin, R. L., Douglas, C. C., Gleadall-Siddall, D. O., Turpin, R., Douglas, C., Ingle, L., & Garrett, A. T. (2020). Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort. Sport Sciences for Health, 16(2), 337-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00611-8

© 2019, The Author(s). Purpose: Whole-body three-dimensional scanning is a tool utilised for the collection of body girths, volume, and surface area measurements. Few studies have investigated the validity and repeatability of this technology. The ai... Read More about Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort.

Concurrent impact of bilateral multiple joint functional electrical stimulation and treadmill walking on gait and spasticity in post-stroke survivors: a pilot study (2019)
Journal Article
Hakakzadeh, A., Shariat, A., Honarpishe, R., Moradi, V., Ghannadi, S., Sangelaji, B., …Ingle, L. (in press). Concurrent impact of bilateral multiple joint functional electrical stimulation and treadmill walking on gait and spasticity in post-stroke survivors: a pilot study. Physiotherapy theory and practice, https://doi.org/10.1080/09593985.2019.1685035

Background: Stroke causes multi-joint gait deficits, so a major objective of post-stroke rehabilitation is to regain normal gait function. Design and Setting: A case series completed at a neuroscience institute. Aim: The aim of the study was to deter... Read More about Concurrent impact of bilateral multiple joint functional electrical stimulation and treadmill walking on gait and spasticity in post-stroke survivors: a pilot study.

The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial (2019)
Journal Article
Shariat, A., Alizadeh, R., Moradi, V., Afsharnia, E., Hakakzadeh, A., Nakhsotin Ansari, N., & Ingle, L. (2019). The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 15(5), 703-708. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938490.245

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified package of exercise therapy combined with relaxation on pain intensity, range of motion (ROM), anxiety, and quality of life (QoL) in office workers with chronic lower back pain. Methods: In this... Read More about The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial.

Exercise training as a mediator for enhancing coronary collateral circulation: A review of the evidence (2019)
Journal Article
Nickolay, T., Nichols, S., Ingle, L., & Hoye, A. (2019). Exercise training as a mediator for enhancing coronary collateral circulation: A review of the evidence. Current Cardiology Reviews, 15, https://doi.org/10.2174/1573403x15666190819144336

Coronary collateral vessels supply blood to areas of myocardium at risk after arterial occlusion. Flow through these channels is driven by a pressure gradient between the donor and occluded artery. Concomitant with increased collateral flow is an inc... Read More about Exercise training as a mediator for enhancing coronary collateral circulation: A review of the evidence.

Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Tavakol, Z., Shariat, A., Ghannadi, S., Noureddin, N., Ansari, P., …Haghighi, F. (2019). Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report. Journal of Pain Management, 12(2), 173-177

Abstract: Chronic neck pain is a relatively common problem that can interfere with daily activities and is often experienced following musculoskeletal injuries. To identify the impact of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (INES) for reduc... Read More about Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report.

Variability in heart rate recovery measurements over 1 year in healthy, middle-aged adults (2014)
Journal Article
Mellis, M. G., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (2014). Variability in heart rate recovery measurements over 1 year in healthy, middle-aged adults. International journal of sports medicine, 35(2), 135-138. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1349091

This study assessed the longer-term (12-month) variability in post-exercise heart rate recovery following a submaximal exercise test. Longitudinal data was analysed for 97 healthy middle-aged adults (74 male, 23 female) from 2 occasions, 12 months ap... Read More about Variability in heart rate recovery measurements over 1 year in healthy, middle-aged adults.

Theoretical rationale and practical recommendations for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2007). Theoretical rationale and practical recommendations for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure. Heart Failure Reviews, 12(1), 12-22. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10741-007-9000-y

The syndrome of chronic heart failure (CHF) becomes increasingly prevalent in older patients, and while mortality rates are declining in most cardiovascular diseases, both prevalence and mortality in CHF remain high. The heart is unable to meet the d... Read More about Theoretical rationale and practical recommendations for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure.