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Effects of empagliflozin on metabolic parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomised controlled study (2019)
Journal Article
Javed, Z., Papageorgiou, M., Deshmukh, H., Rigby, A. S., Qamar, U., Abbas, J., …Sathyapalan, T. (2019). Effects of empagliflozin on metabolic parameters in polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomised controlled study. Clinical Endocrinology, 90(6), 805-813. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.13968

Background: Empagliflozin is a sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2 inhibitor that improves cardiovascular risk and promotes weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with obesity and increased cardiovascu... Read More

A randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors, hormones and liver markers in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Javed, Z., Papageorgiou, M., Deshmukh, H., Kilpatrick, E., Mann, V., Corless, L., …Sathyapalan, T. (2019). A randomized controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation on cardiovascular risk factors, hormones and liver markers in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Nutrients, 11(1), 188. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11010188

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) increases the risk of metabolic syndrome and non-alcoholic-fatty-liver disease (NAFLD). Vitamin D supplementation may exert positive effects on liver biochemistry in patients with NAFLD; however, its effects on PCOS a... Read More

The effect of treatment of liraglutide on quality of life and depression in young obese women with PCOS and controls (2019)
Journal Article
Kahal, H., Kilpatrick, E., Rigby, A., Coady, A., & Atkin, S. (in press). The effect of treatment of liraglutide on quality of life and depression in young obese women with PCOS and controls. Gynecological Endocrinology, doi:10.1080/09513590.2018.1505848

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with reduced quality of life (QoL), though the role of associated obesity is unclear. In this study we examined the effects of six months treatment with liraglutide, 1.8 mg od, on obesity, depression and... Read More

The effect of high dose isoflavone supplementation on serum reverse T3 in euthyroid men with Type 2 Diabetes and post-menopausal women (2018)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Köhrle, J., Rijntjes, E., Rigby, A. S., Dargham, S. R., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2018). The effect of high dose isoflavone supplementation on serum reverse T3 in euthyroid men with Type 2 Diabetes and post-menopausal women. Frontiers in endocrinology, 9, doi:10.3389/fendo.2018.00698

Background: The health benefits of soy are widely reported but there are queries on the effect of soy isoflavones on thyroid function and the underlying mechanism of action. Materials and Methods: We examined the effect of soy isoflavones on rever... Read More

Effects of acute insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on endothelial microparticles in adults with and without type 2 diabetes (2018)
Journal Article
Al-Qaissi, A., Papageorgiou, M., Deshmukh, H., Madden, L. A., Rigby, A., Kilpatrick, E. S., …Sathyapalan, T. (2019). Effects of acute insulin-induced hypoglycaemia on endothelial microparticles in adults with and without type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(3), 533-540. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13548

Aims Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) are novel surrogate markers of endothelial injury and dysfunction that may be differentially produced in response to acute insulin‐induced hypoglycaemia in adults with and without type 2 diabetes.

Mode of presentation and mortality amongst patients hospitalized with heart failure? A report from the First Euro Heart Failure Survey (2018)
Journal Article
Shoaib, A., Farag, M., Nolan, J., Rigby, A., Patwala, A., Rashid, M., …Cleland, J. G. (2019). Mode of presentation and mortality amongst patients hospitalized with heart failure? A report from the First Euro Heart Failure Survey. Clinical Research in Cardiology, 108(5), 510-519. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00392-018-1380-6

© 2018, The Author(s). Background: Heart failure is heterogeneous in aetiology, pathophysiology, and presentation. Despite this diversity, clinical trials of patients hospitalized for HF deal with this problem as a single entity, which may be one rea... Read More

Environmental effects of ambient temperature and relative humidity on insulin pharmacodynamics in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (2018)
Journal Article
Al-Qaissi, A., Papageorgiou, M., Javed, Z., Heise, T., Rigby, A. S., Garrett, A. T., …Sathyapalan, T. (2019). Environmental effects of ambient temperature and relative humidity on insulin pharmacodynamics in adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 21(3), 569-574. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13555

Objective This study aimed to explore the effects of ambient temperature and relative humidity on insulin pharmacodynamics in adults with type 1 diabetes. Research Design A 3‐way, cross‐over, randomised study was performed in adults with type 1 diab... Read More

Dynamic change in insulin resistance induced by free fatty acids is unchanged though insulin sensitivity improves following endurance exercise in PCOS (2018)
Journal Article
Aye, M. M., Butler, A. E., Kilpatrick, E. S., Kirk, R., Vince, R., Rigby, A. S., …Atkin, S. L. (2018). Dynamic change in insulin resistance induced by free fatty acids is unchanged though insulin sensitivity improves following endurance exercise in PCOS. Frontiers in endocrinology, 9(OCT), https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00592

Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is the hallmark of PCOS and it is known that exercise may decrease it. What is unknown is whether exercise may mechanistically alter the underlying IR, attenuating the dynamic lipid induced IR in insulin resistant... Read More

The effect of phytoestrogen on thyroid in subclinical hypothyroidism: Randomized, double blind, crossover study (2018)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Dawson, A. J., Rigby, A. S., Thatcher, N. J., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2018). The effect of phytoestrogen on thyroid in subclinical hypothyroidism: Randomized, double blind, crossover study. Frontiers in endocrinology, 9(SEP), doi:10.3389/fendo.2018.00531

Objective: Soy phytoestrogens are suggested to impair thyroid function but the effects of pharmacological doses of soy phytoestrogens are unknown; therefore, this study was performed to determine the effect of high dose soy phytoestrogens (66 mg) on... Read More

Effect of vitamin D supplementation on free and total vitamin D: A comparison of Asians and Caucasians (2018)
Journal Article
Gopal-Kothandapani, J. S., Evans, L. F., Walsh, J. S., Gossiel, F., Rigby, A. S., Eastell, R., & Bishop, N. J. (2019). Effect of vitamin D supplementation on free and total vitamin D: A comparison of Asians and Caucasians. Clinical Endocrinology, 90(1), 222-231. doi:10.1111/cen.13825

Objectives It is well established that UK Asians typically have lower vitamin D levels than Caucasians. It is also known that vitamin D binding protein (DBP) is lower in some races than Caucasians. To investigate how ethnicity, skin colour and geneti... Read More

Mortality after admission for heart failure in the UK compared with Japan (2018)
Journal Article
Nagai, T., Sundaram, V., Rothnie, K., Quint, J. K., Shoaib, A., Shiraishi, Y., …Cleland, J. G. (2018). Mortality after admission for heart failure in the UK compared with Japan. Open heart, 5(2), e000811. https://doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2018-000811

Objective Mortality amongst patients hospitalised for heart failure (HHF) in Western and Asian countries may differ, but this has not been investigated using individual patient-level data (IPLD). We sought to remedy this through rigorous statistical... Read More

Low serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure: clinical associations and prognostic significance (2018)
Journal Article
Cuthbert, J. J., Pellicori, P., Rigby, A., Pan, D., Kazmi, S., Shah, P., & Clark, A. L. (2018). Low serum chloride in patients with chronic heart failure: clinical associations and prognostic significance. European journal of heart failure, 20(10), 1426-1435. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.1247

© 2018 The Authors. European Journal of Heart Failure © 2018 European Society of Cardiology Background: Low serum chloride is common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and is associated with worse outcomes. We investigated the clinical and... Read More

Validation of U.S. mortality prediction models for hospitalized heart failure in the United Kingdom and Japan: Validation of risk models in decompensated heart failure (2018)
Journal Article
Nagai, T., Sundaram, V., Shoaib, A., Shiraishi, Y., Kohsaka, S., Rothnie, K. J., …Cleland, J. G. (2018). Validation of U.S. mortality prediction models for hospitalized heart failure in the United Kingdom and Japan: Validation of risk models in decompensated heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 20(8), 1179-1190. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.1210

Aims: Prognostic models for hospitalised heart failure (HHF) were developed predominantly for patients of European origin in the United States of America; it is unclear whether they perform similarly in other health-care systems or for different ethn... Read More

Effect of increased inspired oxygen on exercise performance in patients with heart failure and normal ejection fraction (2018)
Journal Article
Shah, P., Pellicori, P., Rimmer, S., Rigby, A. S., & Clark, A. L. (2018). Effect of increased inspired oxygen on exercise performance in patients with heart failure and normal ejection fraction. International journal of cardiology, 268, 166-169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.05.029

Introduction: We investigated whether increased concentrations of inspired oxygen (FiO2) affects exercise tolerance in patients with heart failure and normal ejection fraction (HeFNEF). Methods: 46 patients (mean age 75 years (63% male) and median NT... Read More

Outcome of hospitalised heart failure in Japan and the United Kingdom stratified by plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (2018)
Journal Article
Shiraishi, Y., Nagai, T., Kohsaka, S., Goda, A., Nagatomo, Y., Mizuno, A., …Cleland, J. G. (2018). Outcome of hospitalised heart failure in Japan and the United Kingdom stratified by plasma N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide. Clinical Research in Cardiology, 107(12), 1103-1110. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00392-018-1283-6

© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Background: Mortality subsequent to a hospitalisation for heart failure is reported to be much lower in Japan than in the United Kingdom (UK). This could reflect differences in disease se... Read More

Prevalence and Prognostic Significance of Malnutrition Using 3 Scoring Systems Among Outpatients With Heart Failure: A Comparison With Body Mass Index (2018)
Journal Article
Sze, S., Pellicori, P., Kazmi, S., Rigby, A., Cleland, J. G., Wong, K., & Clark, A. L. (2018). Prevalence and Prognostic Significance of Malnutrition Using 3 Scoring Systems Among Outpatients With Heart Failure: A Comparison With Body Mass Index. JACC: Heart Failure, 6(6), 476-486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchf.2018.02.018

Objectives The authors sought to report the prevalence, clinical associations, and prognostic consequences of malnutrition in outpatients with heart failure (HF). Background Malnutrition may be common in HF and associated with adverse outcomes, but... Read More

Platelet function following induced hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes (2018)
Journal Article
Kahal, H., Aburima, A., Spurgeon, B., Wraith, K. S., Rigby, A. S., Sathyapalan, T., …Atkin, S. L. (2018). Platelet function following induced hypoglycaemia in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes & metabolism, 44(5), 431-436. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2018.04.004

Aim Strict glycaemic control has been associated with an increased mortality rate in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Here we examined platelet function immediately and 24 hours following induced hypoglycaemia in people with type 2 diabetes comp... Read More

Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during 1 the early menopause 2 1 (2018)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Aye, M., Rigby, A. S., Thatcher, N. J., Dargham, S. R., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2018). Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during 1 the early menopause 2 1. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 28(7), 691-697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2018.03.007

Background Hormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for cardiovascular disease risk (CVR) in post-menopausal women. Soy isoflavones may act as selective estrogen receptor modulators. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soy isoflavones... Read More

Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during the early menopause (2018)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Aye, M., Rigby, A. S., Thatcher, N. J., Dargham, S. R., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2018). Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during the early menopause. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD, 28(7), 691-697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2018.03.007

© 2018 The Italian Society of Diabetology, the Italian Society for the Study of Atherosclerosis, the Italian Society of Human Nutrition, and the Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University Background: Hormone replacement thera... Read More

Effect of soy on bone turn-over markers in men with type 2 diabetes and hypogonadism - A randomised controlled study (2017)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Aye, M., Rigby, A. S., Fraser, W. D., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2017). Effect of soy on bone turn-over markers in men with type 2 diabetes and hypogonadism - A randomised controlled study. Scientific reports, 7(1), doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15402-9. ISSN 2045-2322

© 2017 The Author(s). Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with increased risk of fractures. Soy supplementation has been shown to have a beneficial effect on bone turnover markers (BTM) in postmenopausal women. However, the effect of soy supplementa... Read More