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Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease? A CARE CR study (2018)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Taylor, C., Page, R., Kallvikbacka-Bennett, A., Nation, F., Goodman, T., …Ingle, L. (2018). Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease? A CARE CR study. Sports Medicine - Open, 4(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-018-0138-z

Background: Higher cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is associated with lower morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). The mechanisms for this are not fully understood. A more favourable cardiometabolic risk factor profi... Read More about Is cardiorespiratory fitness related to cardiometabolic health and all-cause mortality risk in patients with coronary heart disease? A CARE CR study.

The repeatability of the abbreviated (4-h) Oral Fat Tolerance Test and influence of prior acute aerobic exercise (2016)
Journal Article
O’Doherty, A. F., Sathyapalan, T., Rigby, A. S., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (2018). The repeatability of the abbreviated (4-h) Oral Fat Tolerance Test and influence of prior acute aerobic exercise. European Journal of Nutrition, 57(1), 309-318. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-016-1320-z

© 2016 The Author(s) Purpose: The Oral Fat Tolerance Test (OFTT) is regarded as a repeatable measure used to assess postprandial triglyceride (TAG) levels, with higher levels observed in cardio-metabolic disorders. Acute aerobic exercise intervention... Read More about The repeatability of the abbreviated (4-h) Oral Fat Tolerance Test and influence of prior acute aerobic exercise.

Effects of reducing inspired oxygen concentration for one hour in patients with chronic heart failure: implications for air travel (2013)
Journal Article
Hobkirk, J. P., Damy, T., Walters, M., Bennett, A., Smith, S. J., Ingle, L., …Cleland, J. G. (2013). Effects of reducing inspired oxygen concentration for one hour in patients with chronic heart failure: implications for air travel. European journal of heart failure, 15(5), 505-510. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hft003

AimsThe objective of this study was to establish the acute effects of hypoxia on clinical, spirometric, haemodynamic, and echocardiographic variables. Reducing inspired oxygen to 15%, as experienced during commercial air travel, decreases arterial ox... Read More about Effects of reducing inspired oxygen concentration for one hour in patients with chronic heart failure: implications for air travel.

Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sloan, R., Carroll, S., Goode, K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2011). Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 13(5), 537-542. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq238

Aims We studied the prognostic significance of the ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide production (VEqCO 2 ) at different time-points of a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients with suspected heart failure (HF). Methods and... Read More about Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure.

Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (2010)
Journal Article
Shelton, R. J., Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2010). Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 12(9), 983-989. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq086

Aims Mechanisms of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are incompletely understood. During matched submaximal, fixed-rate exercise, oxygen uptake is similar in patients and healthy controls. However, the importance of ca... Read More about Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure.

Impact of different diagnostic criteria on the prevalence and prognostic significance of exertional oscillatory ventilation in patients with chronic heart failure (2009)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Isted, A., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2009). Impact of different diagnostic criteria on the prevalence and prognostic significance of exertional oscillatory ventilation in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation, 16(4), 451-456. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832a4f54

INTRODUCTION: Exertional oscillatory ventilation (EOV) occurs in many patients with chronic heart failure. Two different definitions of EOV have been proposed by Corrá and Leite. We aimed to compare the prevalence of EOV and its prognostic significan... Read More about Impact of different diagnostic criteria on the prevalence and prognostic significance of exertional oscillatory ventilation in patients with chronic heart failure.

Prognostic Significance of the Double Pressure Reserve in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure (2009)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., & Clark, A. (2009). Prognostic Significance of the Double Pressure Reserve in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure. Open Heart Failure Journal, 2, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.2174/1876535100902010001

Abstract: Introduction: The double pressure reserve (DPR) has recently been shown to have greater prognostic power than metabolic equivalents, heart rate indices, and systolic blood pressure in healthy subjects. It is unclear whether DPR offers any... Read More about Prognostic Significance of the Double Pressure Reserve in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.

Perception of symptoms is out of proportion to cardiac pathology in patients with "diastolic heart failure" (2008)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2008). Perception of symptoms is out of proportion to cardiac pathology in patients with "diastolic heart failure". Heart, 94(6), 748-753. https://doi.org/10.1136/hrt.2007.131144

Background: Epidemiological studies suggest that "diastolic heart failure" (DHF) is common and has a prognosis similar to that of systolic heart failure (SHF). We wanted to assess whether patients with breathlessness who were being treated for DHF ha... Read More about Perception of symptoms is out of proportion to cardiac pathology in patients with "diastolic heart failure".

Prognostic value and diagnostic potential of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure (2008)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2008). Prognostic value and diagnostic potential of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 10(2), 112-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2007.12.011

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a well established technique for stratifying cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Important prognostic variables include a reduced peak oxygen uptake which has a central use in c... Read More about Prognostic value and diagnostic potential of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure.

The prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing with a peak respiratory exchange ratio of < 1.0 in patients with chronic heart failure (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2008). The prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing with a peak respiratory exchange ratio of < 1.0 in patients with chronic heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 127(1), 88-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.04.075

Background: Peak oxygen consumption derived from a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is a standard prognostic indicator in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Tests with a peak respiratory exchange ratio (pRER) < 1.0 are often tak... Read More about The prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing with a peak respiratory exchange ratio of < 1.0 in patients with chronic heart failure.

The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys (2006)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sleap, M., & Tolfrey, K. (2006). The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys. Journal of sports sciences, 24(9), 987-997. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500457117

Complex training, a combination of resistance training and plyometrics is growing in popularity, despite limited support for its efficacy. In pre- and early pubertal children, the study of complex training has been limited, and to our knowledge an ex... Read More about The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys.

Clinical determinants of poor six-minute walk test performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease (2006)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Nabb, S., Jones, P. K., Clark, A. L., & Cleland, J. G. (2006). Clinical determinants of poor six-minute walk test performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease. European journal of heart failure, 8(3), 321-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2005.08.006

Background: The clinical determinants of six-minute walk test (6-MWT) performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) have rarely been investigated, and it is not clear whether they differ from patients referred for the asse... Read More about Clinical determinants of poor six-minute walk test performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease.

Poor relationship between exercise capacity and spirometric measurements in patients with more symptomatic heart failure (2005)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Shelton, R. J., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2005). Poor relationship between exercise capacity and spirometric measurements in patients with more symptomatic heart failure. Journal of cardiac failure, 11(8), 619-623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2005.06.430

Background: The origin of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is multifactorial, and the relative contributions of different abnormalities may vary with severity of heart failure symptoms. The aim of the current study was... Read More about Poor relationship between exercise capacity and spirometric measurements in patients with more symptomatic heart failure.

Clinical trials update from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting and the American College of Cardiology: Darbepoetin alfa study, ECHOS, and ASCOT-BPLA (2005)
Journal Article
Cleland, J. G., Coletta, A. P., Clark, A. L., Velavan, P., & Ingle, L. (2005). Clinical trials update from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting and the American College of Cardiology: Darbepoetin alfa study, ECHOS, and ASCOT-BPLA. European journal of heart failure, 7(5), 937-939. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2005.07.001

This article provides information and a commentary on landmark trials presented at the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting held in June 2005, relevant to the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of heart failure. All reports sho... Read More about Clinical trials update from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting and the American College of Cardiology: Darbepoetin alfa study, ECHOS, and ASCOT-BPLA.

The reproducibility and sensitivity of the 6-min walk test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure (2005)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Shelton, R. J., Rigby, A. S., Nabb, S., Clark, A. L., & Cleland, J. G. (2005). The reproducibility and sensitivity of the 6-min walk test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure. European Heart Journal, 26(17), 1742-1751. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehi259

Aims: The 6-min walk test (6-MWT) is used to estimate functional capacity. However, in elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF): (i) 1 year reproducibility of the 6-MWT; (ii) sensitivity of the 6-MWT to self-perceived changes in symptoms of... Read More about The reproducibility and sensitivity of the 6-min walk test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure.

Longitudinal myocardial dysfunction in healthy older subjects as a manifestation of cardiac ageing (2005)
Journal Article
Nikitin, N. P., Witte, K. K., Ingle, L., Clark, A. L., Farnsworth, T. A., & Cleland, J. G. (2005). Longitudinal myocardial dysfunction in healthy older subjects as a manifestation of cardiac ageing. Age and ageing, 34(4), 343-349. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afi043

Background: Abnormalities of longitudinal left ventricular (LV) contraction and relaxation may be early markers of cardiac disease. This study was designed to assess the relationship between long-axis LV function and age in healthy subjects. Methods:... Read More about Longitudinal myocardial dysfunction in healthy older subjects as a manifestation of cardiac ageing.

Clinical trials update from the Heart Failure Society of America: EMOTE, HERB-CHF, BEST genetic sub-study and RHYTHM-ICD (2004)
Journal Article
Lalukota, K., Cleland, J. G., Ingle, L., Clark, A. L., & Coletta, A. P. (2004). Clinical trials update from the Heart Failure Society of America: EMOTE, HERB-CHF, BEST genetic sub-study and RHYTHM-ICD. European journal of heart failure, 6(7), 953-955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2004.10.003

This article summarises key presentations relevant to the pathophysiology, prevention or treatment of heart failure, from the Heart Failure Society of America annual meeting held in Toronto, Canada. Data from the EnoxiMone in intravenous inOTropE-dep... Read More about Clinical trials update from the Heart Failure Society of America: EMOTE, HERB-CHF, BEST genetic sub-study and RHYTHM-ICD.