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Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women (2012)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Marshall, P., Ingle, L., & Borkoles, E. (2012). Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 22(6), e133-e139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01522.x

Post-exercise heart rate recovery (HRR) has been proposed as a measure of cardiac autonomic dysfunction in apparently healthy adults. We aimed to determine the effects of a lifestyle intervention on HRR among clinically obese premenopausal women. A r... Read More about Cardiorespiratory fitness and heart rate recovery in obese premenopausal women.

Physical activity and cardiovascular mortality risk: possible protective mechanisms? (2012)
Journal Article
Hamer, M., Ingle, L., Carroll, S., & Stamatakis, E. (2012). Physical activity and cardiovascular mortality risk: possible protective mechanisms?. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 44(1), 84-88. https://doi.org/10.1249/mss.0b013e3182251077

INTRODUCTION: The biological mechanisms through which increased physical activity or structured exercise training lowers the risk of recurrent cardiac events are incompletely understood. We examined the extent to which modification of primary risk ma... Read More about Physical activity and cardiovascular mortality risk: possible protective mechanisms?.

Influence of step length on 6-minute walk test performance in patients with chronic heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Pepera, G. K., Sandercock, G. R., Sloan, R., Cleland, J. J., Ingle, L., & Clark, A. L. (2012). Influence of step length on 6-minute walk test performance in patients with chronic heart failure. Physiotherapy, 98(4), 325-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2011.08.005

Objective: To investigate the influence of gait parameters including step length and walking speed during performance of the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Design: Observational study. Setting: Specialist h... Read More about Influence of step length on 6-minute walk test performance in patients with chronic heart failure.

Differential Improvements in Lipid Profiles and Framingham Recurrent Risk Score in Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Long-Term Cardiac Rehabilitation (2011)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Tsakirides, C., Hobkirk, J., Moxon, J. W. D., Dudfield, M., & Ingle, L. (2011). Differential Improvements in Lipid Profiles and Framingham Recurrent Risk Score in Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Long-Term Cardiac Rehabilitation. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 92(9), 1382-1387. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.04.013

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether lipid profiles and recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD) risk could be modified in patients with and without diabetes mellitus undergoing long-term cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of patien... Read More about Differential Improvements in Lipid Profiles and Framingham Recurrent Risk Score in Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus Undergoing Long-Term Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Carroll, S., Stamatakis, E., & Hamer, M. (2013). Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients. International journal of cardiology, 163(2), 196-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.06.001

Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the addition of lifestyle related variables to the existing Framingham risk score (FRS) for predicting cardiovascular death in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD). De... Read More about Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients.

Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients. (2011)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Ingle, L., Hamer, M., & Stamatakis, E. (2013). Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients. International journal of cardiology, 163(2), 196-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2011.06.001

OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the addition of lifestyle related variables to the existing Framingham risk score (FRS) for predicting cardiovascular death in patients with pre-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD). DE... Read More about Benefit of adding lifestyle-related risk factors for prediction of cardiovascular death among cardiac patients..

Effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate solution on endurance performance consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Cooke, C., & King, R. (2011). Effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate solution on endurance performance consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise. Medicina Sportiva, 15(2), 62-67

The aim of the study was to compare the effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate (CHO) solutions on the endurance performance of recreational, male soccer players consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise. Methods: Seven p... Read More about Effects of high and low concentration carbohydrate solution on endurance performance consumed prior to and during intense, intermittent exercise.

Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sloan, R., Carroll, S., Goode, K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2011). Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 13(5), 537-542. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq238

Aims We studied the prognostic significance of the ventilatory equivalent of carbon dioxide production (VEqCO 2 ) at different time-points of a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in patients with suspected heart failure (HF). Methods and re... Read More about Prognostic significance of different measures of the ventilation-carbon dioxide relation in patients with suspected heart failure.

Experiences of air travel in patients with chronic heart failure (2011)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Hobkirk, J., Damy, T., Nabb, S., Clark, A. L., & Cleland, J. G. (2012). Experiences of air travel in patients with chronic heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 158(1), (66-70). doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.12.101. ISSN 0167-5273

AIM: To conduct a survey in a representative cohort of ambulatory patients with stable, well managed chronic heart failure (CHF) to discover their experiences of air travel. METHODS: An expert panel including a cardiologist, an exercise scientist, an... Read More about Experiences of air travel in patients with chronic heart failure.

Impact of a short-term, moderate intensity, lower volume circuit resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in overweight/obese type 2 diabetics (2010)
Journal Article
Hazley, L., Ingle, L., Tsakirides, C., Carroll, S., & Nagi, D. (2010). Impact of a short-term, moderate intensity, lower volume circuit resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in overweight/obese type 2 diabetics. Research in Sports Medicine, 18(4), 251-262. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2010.510049

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an 8-week, low frequency, hospital-based resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in type 2 diabetic patients. Participants were self-selected into either an 8-week resistance tr... Read More about Impact of a short-term, moderate intensity, lower volume circuit resistance training programme on metabolic risk factors in overweight/obese type 2 diabetics.

Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria (2010)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2010). Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria. British journal of cardiac nursing, 5(9), 426-431. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjca.2010.5.9.78127

This is the second of two review articles focusing on the value of preparticipation cardiac screening in young athletes. The article focuses on the efficacy of the resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), physical examination, and medical history que... Read More about Pre-participation cardiac screening in young athletes: models and criteria.

Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure (2010)
Journal Article
Shelton, R. J., Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2010). Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 12(9), 983-989. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurjhf/hfq086

Aims Mechanisms of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) are incompletely understood. During matched submaximal, fixed-rate exercise, oxygen uptake is similar in patients and healthy controls. However, the importance of ca... Read More about Cardiac output does not limit submaximal exercise capacity in patients with chronic heart failure.

Pre-participation cardiac screening: considerations for young athletes (2010)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2010). Pre-participation cardiac screening: considerations for young athletes. British journal of cardiac nursing, 5(8), 381-384. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjca.2010.5.8.66249

This article is the first of two focusing on the utility and evidence base for pre-participation cardiac screening in competitive athletic populations. The second article will focus on the diagnostic value of different screening modalities used in th... Read More about Pre-participation cardiac screening: considerations for young athletes.

Screening for cardiovascular risk in patients with anorexia nervosa (2010)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2010). Screening for cardiovascular risk in patients with anorexia nervosa. British journal of cardiac nursing, 5(7), 332-337. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjca.2010.5.7.48926

In young people, especially females, a high importance is placed on body image and physical appearance. Unfortunately, misperceptions of the ideal body shape can encourage a pre-occupation with weight loss strategies. Long-term, these strategies may... Read More about Screening for cardiovascular risk in patients with anorexia nervosa.

Detraining effect of the post-season on selected aerobic and anaerobic performance variables in national league rugby union players: a focus on positional status (2010)
Journal Article
Nirmalendran, R., & Ingle, L. (2010). Detraining effect of the post-season on selected aerobic and anaerobic performance variables in national league rugby union players: a focus on positional status. Medicina Sportiva, 14(4), 161-168

Introduction: The study aimed to assess the effects of 6 weeks post-season detraining in relation to player position on selected anaerobic, aerobic and anthropometric characteristics in sub-elite rugby union players. Methods: 34 English National Div... Read More about Detraining effect of the post-season on selected aerobic and anaerobic performance variables in national league rugby union players: a focus on positional status.

Derivation and validation of a simple clinical risk-model in heart failure based on 6 minute walk test performance and NT-proBNP status - Do we need specificity for sex and beta-blockers? (2009)
Journal Article
Frankenstein, L., Goode, K., Ingle, L., Remppis, A., Schellberg, D., Nelles, M., …Zugck, C. (2011). Derivation and validation of a simple clinical risk-model in heart failure based on 6 minute walk test performance and NT-proBNP status - Do we need specificity for sex and beta-blockers?. International journal of cardiology, 147(1), 74-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.08.005

BACKGROUND It is unclear whether risk prediction strategies in chronic heart failure (CHF) need to be specific for sex or beta-blockers. We examined this problem and developed and validated the consequent risk models based on 6-minute-walk-test and N... Read More about Derivation and validation of a simple clinical risk-model in heart failure based on 6 minute walk test performance and NT-proBNP status - Do we need specificity for sex and beta-blockers?.

Impact of different diagnostic criteria on the prevalence and prognostic significance of exertional oscillatory ventilation in patients with chronic heart failure (2009)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Isted, A., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2009). Impact of different diagnostic criteria on the prevalence and prognostic significance of exertional oscillatory ventilation in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation, 16(4), 451-456. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e32832a4f54

INTRODUCTION: Exertional oscillatory ventilation (EOV) occurs in many patients with chronic heart failure. Two different definitions of EOV have been proposed by Corrá and Leite. We aimed to compare the prevalence of EOV and its prognostic significan... Read More about Impact of different diagnostic criteria on the prevalence and prognostic significance of exertional oscillatory ventilation in patients with chronic heart failure.

A review of the six-minute walk test: Its implication as a self-administered assessment tool (2009)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2009). A review of the six-minute walk test: Its implication as a self-administered assessment tool. European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology, 8(3), 232-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcnurse.2009.01.002

I read with interest the review article by Du and colleagues published in the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing in July 2008. The concept that the six-minute walk test (6-MWT) could be adapted as a patient-reported outcome measure of functio... Read More about A review of the six-minute walk test: Its implication as a self-administered assessment tool.