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The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors (2020)
Journal Article
Ghannadi, S., Shariat, A., Ansari, N., Tavakol, Z., Honarpishe, R., Hakakzadeh, A., …Ingle, L. (in press). The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors. Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases,

Background: Spasticity is one of the main complications in post-stroke survivors leading to difficulties in walking and standing resulting in high levels of disability. Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of deep dry need... Read More about The Effect of Dry Needling on Lower Limb Dysfunction in Post-Stroke Survivors.

Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review (2020)
Journal Article
Soori, R., Gharehlo, A., Hashemi, N., Hashemi, N., & Ingle, L. (in press). Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review. World Heart Journal,

Elite young athletes with clinically silent cardiovascular disorders are at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in competitive sports activity. SCD is caused by a variety of conditions; in middle-aged/senior athletes, atherosclerotic coronary artery d... Read More about Sudden cardiac death in athletes: A mini-review.

Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study (2020)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., Taylor, C., Goodman, T., Page, R., Kallvikbacka-Bennett, A., Nation, F., …Ingle, L. (2020). Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study. International journal of cardiology, 305, 25-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2020.01.044

© 2020 The Authors Background: Recent evidence suggests that routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) may not lead to a substantial increase in estimated peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2peak). This could reduce the potential benefits of CR and expl... Read More about Routine exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation does not increase aerobic fitness: A CARE CR study.

Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort (2019)
Journal Article
Gleadall-Siddall, D. O., Turpin, R., Douglas, C., Ingle, L., & Garrett, A. T. (in press). Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort. Sport Sciences for Health, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00611-8

Purpose: Whole body three-dimensional scanning is a tool utilised for the collection of body girths, volume and surface area measurements. Few studies have investigated the validity and repeatability of this technology. The aim of the present study w... Read More about Test–retest repeatability of the NX-16: a three-dimensional (3D) body scanner in a male cohort.

The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial (2019)
Journal Article
Shariat, A., Alizadeh, R., Moradi, V., Afsharnia, E., Hakakzadeh, A., Nakhsotin Ansari, N., & Ingle, L. (2019). The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 15(5), 703-708. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938490.245

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a modified package of exercise therapy combined with relaxation on pain intensity, range of motion (ROM), anxiety, and quality of life (QoL) in office workers with chronic lower back pain. Methods: In this... Read More about The impact of modified exercise and relaxation therapy on chronic lower back pain in office workers: a randomized clinical trial.

Concurrent impact of bilateral multiple joint functional electrical stimulation and treadmill walking on gait and spasticity in post-stroke survivors: A Pilot study (2019)
Journal Article
Hakakzadeh, A., Shariat, A., Honarpishe, R., Moradi, V., Ghannadi, S., Sangelaji, B., …Ingle, L. (in press). Concurrent impact of bilateral multiple joint functional electrical stimulation and treadmill walking on gait and spasticity in post-stroke survivors: A Pilot study. Physiotherapy theory and practice,

Background: Stroke causes multi-joint gait deficits, so a major objective of post-stroke rehabilitation is to regain normal gait function. Design and Setting: A case series completed at a neuroscience institute. Aim: The aim of the study was to deter... Read More about Concurrent impact of bilateral multiple joint functional electrical stimulation and treadmill walking on gait and spasticity in post-stroke survivors: A Pilot study.

A comprehensive screening protocol to identify incidence of lower back pain in military office workers (2019)
Journal Article
Alizadeh, R., Shariat, A., Hakakzadeh, A., Selk-Ghaffari, M., Damavandi, P., Honarpishe, R., & Ingle, L. (in press). A comprehensive screening protocol to identify incidence of lower back pain in military office workers. Journal of Pain Management,

Military workers experience different types of lower back pain (LBP), but there is little evidence concerning the incidence of LBP in this group, especially in Asian countries. Increasing rate of LBP in this group is not considered and there is not a... Read More about A comprehensive screening protocol to identify incidence of lower back pain in military office workers.

Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Hakakzadeh, A., Moradi, V., Honarpishe, R., Noormohammadpour, P., & Ansari, N. (2019). Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report. Acupuncture and Electro-Therapeutics Research, 44(2), 135-145. https://doi.org/10.3727/036012919X15650315071942

Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes functional limitation in weight-bearing activities including walking. To investigate the multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation (FES) on knee osteoarthritis... Read More about Multimodal impact of acupuncture, exercise therapy, and concurrent functional electrical stimulation on osteoarthritis of the knee: a case report.

Presurgery conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease (2019)
Journal Article
Smith, G. E., Palmer, J., Pymer, S., Smith, G. E., Harwood, A. E., Ingle, L., …Chetter, I. C. (2019). Presurgery conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 2019(9), https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd013407

This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the effectiveness of prehabilitation (preoperative exercise, either alone or in combination with nutritional or psychological interventions or both)... Read More about Presurgery conditioning interventions (prehabilitation) in adults undergoing lower limb surgery for peripheral arterial disease.

Effects of kinesiotaping on knee osteoarthritis: a narrative review (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Shariat, A., & Moradi, V. (2019). Effects of kinesiotaping on knee osteoarthritis: a narrative review. Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation, 15(4), 498-503. https://doi.org/10.12965/jer.1938364.182

Abstract: The purpose of this review was to determine the current evidence-base for the efficacy of kinesiotaping in patients with osteoarthritis. Searching was undertaken using Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Physiotherapy Evidence Database... Read More about Effects of kinesiotaping on knee osteoarthritis: a narrative review.

Exercise training as a mediator for enhancing coronary collateral circulation: A review of the evidence (2019)
Journal Article
Nickolay, T., Nichols, S., Ingle, L., & Hoye, A. (2019). Exercise training as a mediator for enhancing coronary collateral circulation: A review of the evidence. Current Cardiology Reviews, 15, https://doi.org/10.2174/1573403x15666190819144336

Coronary collateral vessels supply blood to areas of myocardium at risk after arterial occlusion. Flow through these channels is driven by a pressure gradient between the donor and occluded artery. Concomitant with increased collateral flow is an inc... Read More about Exercise training as a mediator for enhancing coronary collateral circulation: A review of the evidence.

Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report (2019)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Tavakol, Z., Shariat, A., Ghannadi, S., Noureddin, N., Ansari, P., …Haghighi, F. (2019). Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report. Journal of Pain Management, 12(2), 173-177

Abstract: Chronic neck pain is a relatively common problem that can interfere with daily activities and is often experienced following musculoskeletal injuries. To identify the impact of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation (INES) for reduc... Read More about Effect of intensive neuromuscular electrical stimulation on chronic neck pain: A case report.

A systematic review of high-intensity interval training as an exercise intervention for intermittent claudication (2019)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Palmer, J., Harwood, A. E., Ingle, L., Smith, G. E., & Chetter, I. C. (2019). A systematic review of high-intensity interval training as an exercise intervention for intermittent claudication. Journal of vascular surgery, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2019.03.050

Background Intermittent claudication (IC) is the most common symptom of peripheral arterial disease, which significantly affects walking ability, functional capacity and quality of life. Supervised exercise programs (SEP) are recommended as first-lin... Read More about A systematic review of high-intensity interval training as an exercise intervention for intermittent claudication.

Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Khushhal, A., Nichols, S., Carroll, S., Abt, G., & Ingle, L. (in press). Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective. PloS one, 14(6), https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217654

Abstract: Background: In recent years, criticism of the percentage range approach for individualised exercise prescription has intensified and we were concerned that sub-optimal exercise dose (especially intensity) may be in part responsible for the... Read More about Insufficient exercise intensity for clinical benefit? Monitoring and quantification of a community-based Phase III cardiac rehabilitation programme: A United Kingdom perspective.

Influence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass on resting metabolic equivalents in patients with cardiovascular disease: Implications for exercise training and prescription (2019)
Journal Article
Nichols, S., O'Doherty, A., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Influence of appendicular skeletal muscle mass on resting metabolic equivalents in patients with cardiovascular disease: Implications for exercise training and prescription. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319856432

Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk (2019)
Journal Article
Swainson, M. G., Ingle, L., & Carroll, S. (2019). Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 29(9), 1402-1413. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13468

Development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains a public health concern for young-to-middle-aged adults, now exacerbated by the increasing prevalence of obesity and sedentary lifestyles. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) improves the reclassificati... Read More about Cardiorespiratory fitness as a predictor of short‐term and lifetime estimated cardiovascular disease risk.

Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective (2019)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Nichols, S., Prosser, J., Birkett, S., Carroll, S., & Ingle, L. (in press). Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, https://doi.org/10.1177/2047487319852711

Background: In the United Kingdom (UK), exercise intensity is prescribed from a fixed percentage range (% heart rate reserve; %HRR) in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes. We aimed to determine the accuracy of this approach by comparing it with an... Read More about Does exercise prescription based on estimated heart rate training zones exceed the ventilatory anaerobic threshold in patients with coronary heart disease undergoing usual-care cardiovascular rehabilitation? : a United Kingdom perspective.

The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake (2019)
Journal Article
Birkett, S. T., Nichols, S., Sawrey, R., Gleadall-Siddall, D., McGregor, G., & Ingle, L. (2019). The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake. Sport Sciences for Health, 15(2), 443–451. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-019-00552-2

Purpose High-intensity interval training (HIIT) and circuit training (CT) are popular methods of exercise, eliciting improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). However, direct comparisons of these two training methods are limited. We investiga... Read More about The effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training and circuit training on maximal oxygen uptake.

Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis (2018)
Journal Article
Pymer, S., Tew, G. A., Palmer, J., Ingle, L., Smith, G. E., Chetter, I., & Harwood, A. E. (2018). Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis. SAGE Open Medicine, 6, 205031211881829. doi:10.1177/2050312118818295

Background: The aim of this updated review is to consider the evidence base for the effectiveness of home-based exercise programmes (HEP) as a treatment option for improving walking distance in patients with IC. Methods: The Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL,... Read More about Home-based exercise programmes for individuals with intermittent claudication: A protocol for an updated systematic review and meta-analysis.