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Prognostic value and diagnostic potential of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure (2008)
Journal Article
Ingle, L. (2008). Prognostic value and diagnostic potential of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 10(2), 112-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2007.12.011

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) is a well established technique for stratifying cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Important prognostic variables include a reduced peak oxygen uptake which has a central use in c... Read More about Prognostic value and diagnostic potential of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure.

Combining the ventilatory response to exercise and peak oxygen consumption is no better than peak oxygen consumption alone in predicting mortality in chronic heart failure (2008)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G. F., & Clark, A. L. (2008). Combining the ventilatory response to exercise and peak oxygen consumption is no better than peak oxygen consumption alone in predicting mortality in chronic heart failure. European journal of heart failure, 10(1), 85-88. doi:10.1016/j.ejheart.2007.10.010

Background: A low peak oxygen uptake (pV(O2)) and steep V-E/V-CO2 slope are independently associated with a worse prognosis in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). We wished to confirm whether combining these variables as a ratio would lead to... Read More about Combining the ventilatory response to exercise and peak oxygen consumption is no better than peak oxygen consumption alone in predicting mortality in chronic heart failure.

Perception of symptoms is out of proportion to cardiac pathology in patients with "diastolic heart failure'' (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Cleland, J. G. F., & Clark, A. L. (2008). Perception of symptoms is out of proportion to cardiac pathology in patients with "diastolic heart failure''. Heart, 94(6), 748-753. doi:10.1136/hrt.2007.131144

Background: Epidemiological studies suggest that "diastolic heart failure'' (DHF) is common and has a prognosis similar to that of systolic heart failure (SHF). We wanted to assess whether patients with breathlessness who were being treated for DHF h... Read More about Perception of symptoms is out of proportion to cardiac pathology in patients with "diastolic heart failure''.

The prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing with a peak respiratory exchange ratio of < 1.0 in patients with chronic heart failure (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Witte, K. K., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2008). The prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing with a peak respiratory exchange ratio of < 1.0 in patients with chronic heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 127(1), 88-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2007.04.075

Background: Peak oxygen consumption derived from a maximal cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is a standard prognostic indicator in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Tests with a peak respiratory exchange ratio (pRER) < 1.0 are often tak... Read More about The prognostic value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing with a peak respiratory exchange ratio of < 1.0 in patients with chronic heart failure.

Changes in body composition in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction initiated on beta-blocker therapy (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Carroll, S., Butterly, R., King, R. F., Cooke, C. B., …Clark, A. L. (2007). Changes in body composition in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction initiated on beta-blocker therapy. Experimental and Clinical Cardiology, 12(1), 46-47

Background: Increasing body mass index, cholesterol and body fat are associated with a better prognosis in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). Beta-blocker usage is associated with changes in body composition and increased bod... Read More about Changes in body composition in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction initiated on beta-blocker therapy.

Cardiorespiratory requirements of the 6-min walk test in older patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Wilkinson, M., Carroll, S., Boyes, C., Butterly, R., King, R., …Clark, A. (2007). Cardiorespiratory requirements of the 6-min walk test in older patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease. International journal of sports medicine, 28(8), 678-684. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-964886

The six-minute walk test (6-MWT) is widely used to assess functional status in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The aims of the present study were: (1) to compare metabolic gas exchange during the 6-MWT in older patients with left ventricul... Read More about Cardiorespiratory requirements of the 6-min walk test in older patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease.

Prognostic value of the 6 min walk test and self-perceived symptom severity in older patients with chronic heart failure (2007)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Carroll, S., Butterly, R., King, R. F., Cooke, C. B., …Clark, A. L. (2007). Prognostic value of the 6 min walk test and self-perceived symptom severity in older patients with chronic heart failure. European Heart Journal, 28(5), 560-568. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehl527

Background: The 6 min walk test (6-MWT) is a simple and popular test for evaluating functional status in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, the prognostic value of the 6-MWT in a large, representative sample of CHF patients, and in p... Read More about Prognostic value of the 6 min walk test and self-perceived symptom severity in older patients with chronic heart failure.

Efficacy of lifestyle intervention on peak exercise cardiac power output and reserve in premenopausal obese females: A randomised pilot study (2007)
Journal Article
Carroll, S., Marshall, P., Borkoles, E., Ingle, L., Barker, D., & Tan, L. B. (2007). Efficacy of lifestyle intervention on peak exercise cardiac power output and reserve in premenopausal obese females: A randomised pilot study. International journal of cardiology, 119(2), 147-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.07.099

Background: Clinically obese women have a two-fold increased risk for the development of heart failure. Among younger premenopausal females, obesity has been associated with cardiac remodelling and impaired resting systolic and diastolic function. Ho... Read More about Efficacy of lifestyle intervention on peak exercise cardiac power output and reserve in premenopausal obese females: A randomised pilot study.

Prognostic value of the VE/VCO2 slope calculated from different time intervals in patients with suspected heart failure (2006)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Goode, K., Carroll, S., Sloan, R., Boyes, C., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2007). Prognostic value of the VE/VCO2 slope calculated from different time intervals in patients with suspected heart failure. International journal of cardiology, 118(3), 350-355. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2006.07.105

Background: Maximal exercises testing, whether involving cycling- or walking-based protocols, are often not well tolerated in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The peak oxygen consumption and the slope of the relation between ventilation (V... Read More about Prognostic value of the VE/VCO2 slope calculated from different time intervals in patients with suspected heart failure.

The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys (2006)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Sleap, M., & Tolfrey, K. (2006). The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys. Journal of sports sciences, 24(9), 987-997. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410500457117

Complex training, a combination of resistance training and plyometrics is growing in popularity, despite limited support for its efficacy. In pre- and early pubertal children, the study of complex training has been limited, and to our knowledge an ex... Read More about The effect of a complex training and detraining programme on selected strength and power variables in early pubertal boys.

Participants' perceptions of a lifestyle approach to promoting physical activity: targeting deprived communities in Kingston-Upon-Hull (2006)
Journal Article
Wormald, H., Waters, H., Sleap, M., & Ingle, L. (2006). Participants' perceptions of a lifestyle approach to promoting physical activity: targeting deprived communities in Kingston-Upon-Hull. BMC public health, 6, https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-6-202

Background: The health benefits of an active lifestyle have been extensively documented and generally accepted. In the UK, declining physical activity levels are a major contributing factor to a number of public health concerns such as obesity and co... Read More about Participants' perceptions of a lifestyle approach to promoting physical activity: targeting deprived communities in Kingston-Upon-Hull.

Clinical determinants of poor six-minute walk test performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease (2006)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Rigby, A. S., Nabb, S., Jones, P. K., Clark, A. L., & Cleland, J. G. (2006). Clinical determinants of poor six-minute walk test performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease. European journal of heart failure, 8(3), 321-325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2005.08.006

Background: The clinical determinants of six-minute walk test (6-MWT) performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) have rarely been investigated, and it is not clear whether they differ from patients referred for the asse... Read More about Clinical determinants of poor six-minute walk test performance in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and no major structural heart disease.

Poor relationship between exercise capacity and spirometric measurements in patients with more symptomatic heart failure (2005)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Shelton, R. J., Cleland, J. G., & Clark, A. L. (2005). Poor relationship between exercise capacity and spirometric measurements in patients with more symptomatic heart failure. Journal of cardiac failure, 11(8), 619-623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2005.06.430

Background: The origin of exercise limitation in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) is multifactorial, and the relative contributions of different abnormalities may vary with severity of heart failure symptoms. The aim of the current study was... Read More about Poor relationship between exercise capacity and spirometric measurements in patients with more symptomatic heart failure.

Clinical trials update from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting and the American College of Cardiology: Darbepoetin alfa study, ECHOS, and ASCOT-BPLA (2005)
Journal Article
Cleland, J. G., Coletta, A. P., Clark, A. L., Velavan, P., & Ingle, L. (2005). Clinical trials update from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting and the American College of Cardiology: Darbepoetin alfa study, ECHOS, and ASCOT-BPLA. European journal of heart failure, 7(5), 937-939. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2005.07.001

This article provides information and a commentary on landmark trials presented at the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting held in June 2005, relevant to the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of heart failure. All reports sho... Read More about Clinical trials update from the European Society of Cardiology Heart Failure meeting and the American College of Cardiology: Darbepoetin alfa study, ECHOS, and ASCOT-BPLA.

The reproducibility and sensitivity of the 6-min walk test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure (2005)
Journal Article
Ingle, L., Shelton, R. J., Rigby, A. S., Nabb, S., Clark, A. L., & Cleland, J. G. (2005). The reproducibility and sensitivity of the 6-min walk test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure. European Heart Journal, 26(17), 1742-1751. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehi259

Aims: The 6-min walk test (6-MWT) is used to estimate functional capacity. However, in elderly patients with chronic heart failure (CHF): (i) 1 year reproducibility of the 6-MWT; (ii) sensitivity of the 6-MWT to self-perceived changes in symptoms of... Read More about The reproducibility and sensitivity of the 6-min walk test in elderly patients with chronic heart failure.

Longitudinal myocardial dysfunction in healthy older subjects as a manifestation of cardiac ageing (2005)
Journal Article
Nikitin, N. P., Witte, K. K., Ingle, L., Clark, A. L., Farnsworth, T. A., & Cleland, J. G. (2005). Longitudinal myocardial dysfunction in healthy older subjects as a manifestation of cardiac ageing. Age and ageing, 34(4), 343-349. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afi043

Background: Abnormalities of longitudinal left ventricular (LV) contraction and relaxation may be early markers of cardiac disease. This study was designed to assess the relationship between long-axis LV function and age in healthy subjects. Methods:... Read More about Longitudinal myocardial dysfunction in healthy older subjects as a manifestation of cardiac ageing.

Clinical trials update from the Heart Failure Society of America: EMOTE, HERB-CHF, BEST genetic sub-study and RHYTHM-ICD (2004)
Journal Article
Lalukota, K., Cleland, J. G., Ingle, L., Clark, A. L., & Coletta, A. P. (2004). Clinical trials update from the Heart Failure Society of America: EMOTE, HERB-CHF, BEST genetic sub-study and RHYTHM-ICD. European journal of heart failure, 6(7), 953-955. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejheart.2004.10.003

This article summarises key presentations relevant to the pathophysiology, prevention or treatment of heart failure, from the Heart Failure Society of America annual meeting held in Toronto, Canada. Data from the EnoxiMone in intravenous inOTropE-dep... Read More about Clinical trials update from the Heart Failure Society of America: EMOTE, HERB-CHF, BEST genetic sub-study and RHYTHM-ICD.

GP exercise referral schemes: improving the patient's experience (2004)
Journal Article
Wormald, H., & Ingle, L. (2004). GP exercise referral schemes: improving the patient's experience. The Health education journal, 63(4), 362-373. https://doi.org/10.1177/001789690406300407

Objective: The main objective of this study was to explore patients' perceptions of general practitioner (GP) exercise referral (ER) schemes with a view to providing a better service for future patients. Design: A qualitative focus group methodology.... Read More about GP exercise referral schemes: improving the patient's experience.