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Can a key boreal Calanus copepod species now complete its life-cycle in the Arctic? Evidence and implications for Arctic food-webs (2021)
Journal Article
Tarling, G. A., Freer, J. J., Banas, N. S., Belcher, A., Blackwell, M., Castellani, C., …Wootton, M. (2022). Can a key boreal Calanus copepod species now complete its life-cycle in the Arctic? Evidence and implications for Arctic food-webs. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 51(2), 333–344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-021-01667-y

The changing Arctic environment is affecting zooplankton that support its abundant wildlife. We examined how these changes are influencing a key zooplankton species, Calanus finmarchicus, principally found in the North Atlantic but expatriated to the... Read More about Can a key boreal Calanus copepod species now complete its life-cycle in the Arctic? Evidence and implications for Arctic food-webs.

Moving Toward a Strategy for Addressing Climate Displacement of Marine Resources: A Proof-of-Concept (2020)
Journal Article
Mangano, M. C., Mieszkowska, N., Helmuth, B., Domingos, T., Sousa, T., Baiamonte, G., …Sarà, G. (2020). Moving Toward a Strategy for Addressing Climate Displacement of Marine Resources: A Proof-of-Concept. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00408

Realistic predictions of climate change effects on natural resources are central to adaptation policies that try to reduce these impacts. However, most current forecasting approaches do not incorporate species-specific, process-based biological infor... Read More about Moving Toward a Strategy for Addressing Climate Displacement of Marine Resources: A Proof-of-Concept.

Converting SACFOR data for statistical analysis: Validation, demonstration and further possibilities (2020)
Journal Article
Strong, J. A., & Johnson, M. (2020). Converting SACFOR data for statistical analysis: Validation, demonstration and further possibilities. Marine Biodiversity Records, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s41200-020-0184-3

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: the context and purpose of the study: Semi-quantitative scales are often used for the rapid assessment of species composition and abundance during time-limited surveys. The semi-quantitative SACFOR abundance scale wa... Read More about Converting SACFOR data for statistical analysis: Validation, demonstration and further possibilities.

Home-made fish traps reduce the capture of small shannies (Lipophrys pholis) compared to using hand-nets in the UK (2020)
Journal Article
Barrett, C. J., Johnson, M. L., & Hull, S. L. (2020). Home-made fish traps reduce the capture of small shannies (Lipophrys pholis) compared to using hand-nets in the UK. Conservation Evidence Journal, 17, 32-34

A replicated, controlled study in 2011-2012 found that using home-made fish traps reduced the capture of unwanted, small shannies Lipophrys pholis compared to using conventional hand-nets in intertidal habitats.

The effects of temporary exclusion of activity due to wind farm construction on a lobster (Homarus gammarus) fishery suggests a potential management approach (2018)
Journal Article
Roach, M., Cohen, M., Forster, R., Revill, A. S., & Johnson, M. (2018). The effects of temporary exclusion of activity due to wind farm construction on a lobster (Homarus gammarus) fishery suggests a potential management approach. ICES journal of marine science : journal du conseil, 75(4), 1416-1426. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy006

Offshore wind farms form an important part of many countries strategy for responding to the threat of climate change but their development can conflict with other offshore activities. Static gear fisheries targeting sedentary benthic species are par... Read More about The effects of temporary exclusion of activity due to wind farm construction on a lobster (Homarus gammarus) fishery suggests a potential management approach.

Stress response according to transport protocol in Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus (2017)
Journal Article
Powell, A., Cowing, D. M., Eriksson, S. P., & Johnson, M. L. (2017). Stress response according to transport protocol in Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus. Crustacean research, 46, 17-24. https://doi.org/10.18353/crustacea.46.0_17

The Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus, is a valuable and commonly exported European decapod crustacean, which experiences stress from point of capture and onward transport. Stressors such as air exposure duration (i.e. emersion period) and air temp... Read More about Stress response according to transport protocol in Norway lobster, Nephrops norvegicus.

Population dynamics of two sympatric intertidal fish species (the shanny, Lipophrys pholis, and long-spined scorpion fish,Taurulus bubalis) of Great Britain (2016)
Journal Article
Barrett, C., Johnson, M., & Hull, S. (2018). Population dynamics of two sympatric intertidal fish species (the shanny, Lipophrys pholis, and long-spined scorpion fish,Taurulus bubalis) of Great Britain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK, 98(3), 589-595. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315416001582

The shanny/common blenny (Lipophrys pholis) and long-spined scorpionfish/bullhead (Taurulus bubalis) are commonly encountered, sympatric species within much of Great Britain’s rocky intertidal zones. Despite being prey items of the cod (Gadus morhua)... Read More about Population dynamics of two sympatric intertidal fish species (the shanny, Lipophrys pholis, and long-spined scorpion fish,Taurulus bubalis) of Great Britain.

Artificial reefs and marine protected areas: a study in willingness to pay to access Folkestone Marine Reserve, Barbados, West Indies (2016)
Journal Article
Kirkbride-Smith, A. E., Wheeler, P. M., & Johnson, M. L. (2016). Artificial reefs and marine protected areas: a study in willingness to pay to access Folkestone Marine Reserve, Barbados, West Indies. PeerJ, 2016(7), https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.2175

© 2016 Kirkbride-Smith et al. Artificial reefs in marine protected areas provide additional habitat for biodiversity viewing, and therefore may offer an innovative management solution for managing for coral reef recovery and resilience. Marine park u... Read More about Artificial reefs and marine protected areas: a study in willingness to pay to access Folkestone Marine Reserve, Barbados, West Indies.

Insights into the morphology of symbiotic shrimp eyes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae); the effects of habitat demands (2016)
Journal Article
Dobson, N. C., Johnson, M. L., & De Grave, S. (2016). Insights into the morphology of symbiotic shrimp eyes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae); the effects of habitat demands. PeerJ, 2016(4), https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1926

Morphometric differences in the optical morphology of symbiotic palaemonid shrimps can be observed among species symbiotic with different host organisms. Discriminant functional analysis revealed three distinct groups within the species examined. Of... Read More about Insights into the morphology of symbiotic shrimp eyes (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae); the effects of habitat demands.

Diet as a mechanism of coexistence between intertidal fish species of the U.K. (2015)
Journal Article
Barrett, C. J., Johnson, M. L., & Hull, S. L. (2016). Diet as a mechanism of coexistence between intertidal fish species of the U.K. Hydrobiologia, 768(1), 125-135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-015-2537-1

While the syntopic nature of many intertidal fish communities suggest that resources such as food are shared, little has been done to assess the importance of diet on the coexistence of intertidal fish of the U.K. In this study, six intertidal fish s... Read More about Diet as a mechanism of coexistence between intertidal fish species of the U.K..

External morphology of eyes and Nebenaugen of caridean decapods–ecological and systematic considerations (2015)
Journal Article
Johnson, M. L., Dobson, N., & De Grave, S. (2015). External morphology of eyes and Nebenaugen of caridean decapods–ecological and systematic considerations. PeerJ, 3(8), e1176. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1176

Most caridean decapods have compound eyes of the reflecting superposition kind, and additionally some possess an accessory eye-like organ of unknown function, also referred to as the nebenauge.We examined 308 caridean genera to assess the general mor... Read More about External morphology of eyes and Nebenaugen of caridean decapods–ecological and systematic considerations.

Preliminary observations on the mandibles of palaemonoid shrimp (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonoidea) (2015)
Journal Article
Ashelby, C. W., De Grave, S., & Johnson, M. L. (2015). Preliminary observations on the mandibles of palaemonoid shrimp (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonoidea). PeerJ, 2015(3), e846. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.846

The mandibles of caridean shrimps have been widely studied in the taxonomy and functional biology of the group. Within the Palaemonoidea the mandibles reach a high level of structural diversity reflecting the diverse lifestyles within the superfamily... Read More about Preliminary observations on the mandibles of palaemonoid shrimp (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Palaemonoidea).

Evaluation of different concentration doses of eugenol on the behaviour of Nephrops norvegicus (2015)
Journal Article
Cowing, D., Powell, A., & Johnson, M. (2015). Evaluation of different concentration doses of eugenol on the behaviour of Nephrops norvegicus. Aquaculture, 442, 78-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.02.039

Eugenol was tested for use as an anaesthetic on Nephrops norvegicus at three different concentrations (300, 600, 900 μL/L). Monitoring included the time taken to reach each sedation stage. Sedation stage was assessed by passive behaviours and reactio... Read More about Evaluation of different concentration doses of eugenol on the behaviour of Nephrops norvegicus.

The first use of Fulton's K for assessing and comparing the conditions of inter-tidal fish populations (2014)
Journal Article
Barrett, C. J., Johnson, M., Hall, N. J., & Hull, S. (2016). The first use of Fulton's K for assessing and comparing the conditions of inter-tidal fish populations. Marine Ecology, 37(1), 42-45. https://doi.org/10.1111/maec.12234

Fulton's K condition factor was applied, for the first time, to inter-tidal specimens of the shanny (Lipophrys pholis) and long-spined scorpion fish (Taurulus bubalis) from two English rocky shore and two Welsh rocky shore sites during summer 2010 an... Read More about The first use of Fulton's K for assessing and comparing the conditions of inter-tidal fish populations.

Diverging strategies to planning an ecologically coherent network of MPAs in the North Sea : The roles of advocacy, evidence and pragmatism in the face of uncertainty (2014)
Journal Article
Caveen, A. J., Fitzsimmons, C., Pieraccini, M., Dunn, E., Sweeting, C. J., Johnson, M. L., …Polunin, N. V. (2014). Diverging strategies to planning an ecologically coherent network of MPAs in the North Sea : The roles of advocacy, evidence and pragmatism in the face of uncertainty. Advances in Marine Biology, 69, 325-370. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800214-8.00009-8

The North Sea is one of the most economically important seas in the world due to productive fisheries, extensive oil and gas fields, busy shipping routes, marine renewable energy development and recreational activity. Unsurprisingly, therefore, the u... Read More about Diverging strategies to planning an ecologically coherent network of MPAs in the North Sea : The roles of advocacy, evidence and pragmatism in the face of uncertainty.

Linking eye design with host symbiont relationships in pontoniine shrimps (crustacea, decapoda, palaemonidae) (2014)
Journal Article
Dobson, N. C., De Grave, S., & Johnson, M. L. (2014). Linking eye design with host symbiont relationships in pontoniine shrimps (crustacea, decapoda, palaemonidae). PLoS ONE, 9(6), e99505. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099505

Symbiosis is prevalent in the marine environment with many studies examining the effects of such interactions between host and symbiont. Pontoniine shrimps are a group whose ecology is characterised by symbiotic interactions. This investigation exami... Read More about Linking eye design with host symbiont relationships in pontoniine shrimps (crustacea, decapoda, palaemonidae).

The reniform reflecting superposition compound eyes of Nephrops norvegicus: optics, susceptibility to light-induced damage, electrophysiology and a ray tracing model (2013)
Book Chapter
Gaten, E., Moss, S., & Johnson, M. L. (2013). The reniform reflecting superposition compound eyes of Nephrops norvegicus: optics, susceptibility to light-induced damage, electrophysiology and a ray tracing model. In Advances in Marine Biology; The Ecology and Biology of Nephrops norvegicus (107-148). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-410466-2.00004-2

The large reniform eyes of the reptant, tube-dwelling decapod Nephrops norvegicus are described in detail. Optically these reflecting superposition compound eyes are a little unusual in that they are laterally flattened, a feature that may enhance th... Read More about The reniform reflecting superposition compound eyes of Nephrops norvegicus: optics, susceptibility to light-induced damage, electrophysiology and a ray tracing model.

Nephrops Fisheries in European Waters (2013)
Book Chapter
Ungfors, A., Bell, E., Johnson, M. L., Cowing, D., Dobson, N. C., Bublitz, R., & Sandell, J. (2013). Nephrops Fisheries in European Waters. In The Ecology and Biology of Nephrops norvegicus (247-314). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-410466-2.00007-8

This review focuses on the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) as a resource, describing how the fishery has developed from the 1960s to the present day to become one of the most economically important fisheries in Europe. In 2010, the total landing... Read More about Nephrops Fisheries in European Waters.

Regional scale speciation reveals multiple invasions of freshwater in Palaemoninae (Decapoda) (2012)
Journal Article
Ashelby, C. W., Page, T. J., De Grave, S., Johnson, M. L., Hughes, J. M., & Johnson, M. (2012). Regional scale speciation reveals multiple invasions of freshwater in Palaemoninae (Decapoda). Zoologica Scripta, 41(3), 293-306. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00535.x

The generic level, systematic relationship in Palaemoninae was inferred from analyses based on the mitochondrial 16S rDNA and nuclear Histone (H3) genes, primarily focussed on the genera Palaemon and Palaemonetes, as previous morphological and molecu... Read More about Regional scale speciation reveals multiple invasions of freshwater in Palaemoninae (Decapoda).

On the presence of Thorella cobourgi Bruce, 1982 (Decapoda, Hippolytidae) in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea (2011)
Journal Article
De Grave, S., & Johnson, M. (2011). On the presence of Thorella cobourgi Bruce, 1982 (Decapoda, Hippolytidae) in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Crustaceana, 84(9), 1149 - 1151. https://doi.org/10.1163/001121611X584280

The hippolytid genus Thorella Bruce, 1982 was described from specimens collected from Port Essington on the Cobourg Peninsula and a further location in Darwin, both in the Northern Territory (Australia), with Thorella cobourgi Bruce, 1982 as the only... Read More about On the presence of Thorella cobourgi Bruce, 1982 (Decapoda, Hippolytidae) in the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea.