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The genomic history of southeastern Europe (2018)
Journal Article
Elenski, N., Francken, M., Galabova, B., Ganetsovski, G., Gély, B., Hajdu, T., …Lillie, M. (2018). The genomic history of southeastern Europe. Nature, 555(7695), 197-203. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature25778

© 2018 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved. Farming was first introduced to Europe in the mid-seventh millennium bc, and was associated with migrants from Anatolia who settled in the southeast before spreading t... Read More about The genomic history of southeastern Europe.

Diet uniformity at an early farming community in northwest Anatolia (Turkey) : carbon and nitrogen isotope studies of bone collagen at Aktopraklik (2017)
Journal Article
Budd, C., Karul, N., Alpaslan-Roodenberg, S., Galik, A., Schulting, R., & Lillie, M. (2018). Diet uniformity at an early farming community in northwest Anatolia (Turkey) : carbon and nitrogen isotope studies of bone collagen at Aktopraklik. Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 10(8), 2123–2135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-017-0523-4

Aktopraklık is a settlement site composed of three areas (A–C) in the Marmara region of northwest Anatolia, with phases of occupation that date to the Late Neolithic and Early Chalcolithic periods, mid-seventh to mid-sixth millennium bc (ca. 6400–560... Read More about Diet uniformity at an early farming community in northwest Anatolia (Turkey) : carbon and nitrogen isotope studies of bone collagen at Aktopraklik.

Mitochondrial DNA analysis of eneolithic trypillians from Ukraine reveals neolithic farming genetic roots (2017)
Journal Article
Nikitin, A. G., Potekhina, I., Lillie, M., Mallick, S., Nikitin, A., Potiekhina, I. D., …Rohland, N. (2017). Mitochondrial DNA analysis of eneolithic trypillians from Ukraine reveals neolithic farming genetic roots. PloS one, 12(2), e0172952. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172952

The agricultural revolution in Eastern Europe began in the Eneolithic with the Cucuteni-Trypillia culture complex. In Ukraine, the Trypillian culture (TC) existed for over two millennia (ca. 5,400–2,700 BCE) and left a wealth of artifacts. Yet, their... Read More about Mitochondrial DNA analysis of eneolithic trypillians from Ukraine reveals neolithic farming genetic roots.

Factors influencing the radiocarbon dating of human skeletal remains from the Dnieper River system: Archaeological and stable isotope evidence of diet from the Epipaleolithic to Eneolithic periods (2016)
Journal Article
Lillie, M., Henderson, R., Budd, C., & Potekhina, I. (2016). Factors influencing the radiocarbon dating of human skeletal remains from the Dnieper River system: Archaeological and stable isotope evidence of diet from the Epipaleolithic to Eneolithic periods. Radiocarbon, 58(4), 741-753. https://doi.org/10.1017/rdc.2016.33

Recent research has identified the existence of a freshwater reservoir effect influencing the radiocarbon dating of human skeletal remains from the Dnieper region of Ukraine (Lillie et al. 2009). The current study outlines the evidence for freshwater... Read More about Factors influencing the radiocarbon dating of human skeletal remains from the Dnieper River system: Archaeological and stable isotope evidence of diet from the Epipaleolithic to Eneolithic periods.

AMS radiocarbon dating from the Neolithic of eastern Ukraine casts doubts on existing chronologies (2015)
Journal Article
Lillie, M., Motuzaite-Matuzeviciute, G., & Telizhenko, S. (2015). AMS radiocarbon dating from the Neolithic of eastern Ukraine casts doubts on existing chronologies. Radiocarbon, 57(4), 657-664. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_rc.57.18438

The Seversky Donets River (Northern Donets) basin in eastern Ukraine and the Lower Don River valley in Russia were inhabited by populations that have been considered to be one of the earliest pottery-using cultures in Europe. The early pottery sites... Read More about AMS radiocarbon dating from the Neolithic of eastern Ukraine casts doubts on existing chronologies.

Stable isotope analysis of Neolithic and Chalcolithic populations from Aktopraklik, northern Anatolia (2013)
Journal Article
Budd, C., Lillie, M., Alpaslan-Roodenberg, S., Karul, N., & Pinhasi, R. (2013). Stable isotope analysis of Neolithic and Chalcolithic populations from Aktopraklik, northern Anatolia. Journal of archaeological science, 40(2), (860-867). doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.09.011. ISSN 0305-4403

This paper presents the results of stable isotope (carbon and nitrogen) analysis of human and faunal remains from the site of Aktopraklık, one of the earliest farming sites in the Eastern Marmara region of Northwest Anatolia. Excavations at this site... Read More about Stable isotope analysis of Neolithic and Chalcolithic populations from Aktopraklik, northern Anatolia.

Stable isotope analysis of prehistoric populations from the cemeteries of the Middle and Lower Dnieper Basin, Ukraine (2010)
Journal Article
Lillie, M., Budd, C., & Potekhina, I. (2011). Stable isotope analysis of prehistoric populations from the cemeteries of the Middle and Lower Dnieper Basin, Ukraine. Journal of archaeological science, 38(1), (57-68). doi:10.1016/j.jas.2010.08.010. ISSN 0305-4403

This paper presents the results of new stable isotopes (carbon and nitrogen) analysis of human, faunal and fish remains from thirteen cemeteries from the Middle and Lower Dnieper Basin, Ukraine. The results are integrated with earlier analyses, under... Read More about Stable isotope analysis of prehistoric populations from the cemeteries of the Middle and Lower Dnieper Basin, Ukraine.

Response of the microbial community to water table variation and nutrient addition and its implications for in situ preservation of organic archaeological remains in wetland soils (2009)
Journal Article
Douterelo, I., Goulder, R., & Lillie, M. (2009). Response of the microbial community to water table variation and nutrient addition and its implications for in situ preservation of organic archaeological remains in wetland soils. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 63(6), (795-805). doi:10.1016/j.ibiod.2009.06.010. ISSN 0964-8305

Wetland environments can preserve organic archaeological remains because of their anaerobic nature. The ongoing discovery of archaeological sites in wetlands is associated with a lack of funds for excavation and preservation. This situation has led t... Read More about Response of the microbial community to water table variation and nutrient addition and its implications for in situ preservation of organic archaeological remains in wetland soils.

The radiocarbon reservoir effect: new evidence from the cemeteries of the middle and lower Dnieper basin, Ukraine (2008)
Journal Article
Lillie, M., Budd, C., Potekhina, I., & Hedges, R. (2009). The radiocarbon reservoir effect: new evidence from the cemeteries of the middle and lower Dnieper basin, Ukraine. Journal of archaeological science, 36(2), (256-264). doi:10.1016/j.jas.2008.09.005. ISSN 0305-4403

This paper presents preliminary results of new radiocarbon dating of human, faunal and fish skeletal remains from a number of the cemeteries from the Middle and Lower Dnieper Basin, Ukraine. The results appear to demonstrate the presence of a radioca... Read More about The radiocarbon reservoir effect: new evidence from the cemeteries of the middle and lower Dnieper basin, Ukraine.

Southwest Scottish Crannogs: using in situ studies to assess preservation in wetland archaeological contexts (2008)
Journal Article
Lillie, M., Smith, R., Reed, J., & Inglis, R. (2008). Southwest Scottish Crannogs: using in situ studies to assess preservation in wetland archaeological contexts. Journal of archaeological science, 35(7), (1886-1900). doi:10.1016/j.jas.2007.11.029. ISSN 0305-4403

This paper presents the results of in situ monitoring of waterlogged burial contexts in southwest Scotland. The sites investigated are Iron Age crannogs (lake dwellings) which have a proven waterlogged archaeological component, and which are being as... Read More about Southwest Scottish Crannogs: using in situ studies to assess preservation in wetland archaeological contexts.

First evidence for interpersonal violence in Ukraine's Trypillian farming culture : Individual 3 from Verteba Cave, Bilche Zolote
Book Chapter
Lillie, M., Nikitin, A., Potiekhina, I. D., & Sokhatsky, M. First evidence for interpersonal violence in Ukraine's Trypillian farming culture : Individual 3 from Verteba Cave, Bilche Zolote. In Trends in biological anthropology

This paper presents the initial stages of an interdisciplinary study of human skeletal remains interred at Verteba Cave, western Ukraine. This site has been described previously as a “ritual site of the Trypillian culture complex” by Nikitin et al. i... Read More about First evidence for interpersonal violence in Ukraine's Trypillian farming culture : Individual 3 from Verteba Cave, Bilche Zolote.


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