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A 3D cephalometric protocol for the accurate quantification of the craniofacial symmetry and facial growth (2019)
Journal Article
Pinheiro, M., Ma, X., Fagan, M. J., McIntyre, G. T., Lin, P., Sivamurthy, G., & Mossey, P. A. (2019). A 3D cephalometric protocol for the accurate quantification of the craniofacial symmetry and facial growth. Journal of Biological Engineering, 13(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s13036-019-0171-6

© 2019 The Author(s). Background: Cephalometric analysis is used to evaluate facial growth, to study the anatomical relationships within the face. Cephalometric assessment is based on 2D radiographic images, either the sagittal or coronal planes and... Read More

Neurocranial development of the coelacanth and the evolution of the sarcopterygian head (2019)
Journal Article
Dutel, H., Galland, M., Tafforeau, P., Long, J. A., Fagan, M. J., Janvier, P., …Herbin, M. (2019). Neurocranial development of the coelacanth and the evolution of the sarcopterygian head. Nature, 569, 556–559. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1117-3

The neurocranium of sarcopterygian fishes was originally divided into an anterior (ethmosphenoid) and posterior (otoccipital) portion by an intracranial joint, and underwent major changes in its overall geometry before fusing into a single unit in lu... Read More

Mathematical modelling of bone remodelling cycles including the NFκB signalling pathway (2019)
Journal Article
Ji, B., Zhang, Y., Zhen, C., Fagan, M. J., & Yang, Q. (2019). Mathematical modelling of bone remodelling cycles including the NFκB signalling pathway. Computers in biology and medicine, 107, 257-264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compbiomed.2019.03.003

RANKL can promote the differentiation of osteoclast precursors into mature osteoclasts by binding to RANK expressed on the surfaces of osteoclast progenitor cells during bone remodelling. The NF-κB signalling pathway is downstream of RANKL and transm... Read More

Characterizing and Modeling Bone Formation during Mouse Calvarial Development (2019)
Journal Article
Marghoub, A., Libby, J., Babbs, C., Ventikos, Y., Fagan, M. J., & Moazen, M. (2019). Characterizing and Modeling Bone Formation during Mouse Calvarial Development. Physical review letters, 122(4), https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.048103

© 2019 American Physical Society. The newborn mammalian cranial vault consists of five flat bones that are joined together along their edges by soft fibrous tissues called sutures. Early fusion of these sutures leads to a medical condition known as c... Read More

An assessment of the role of the falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli in the cranium of the cat (Felis silvestris catus) (2018)
Journal Article
Sellés de Lucas, V., Dutel, H., Evans, S. E., Gröning, F., Sharp, A. C., Watson, P. J., & Fagan, M. J. (2018). An assessment of the role of the falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli in the cranium of the cat (Felis silvestris catus). Interface, 15(147), https://doi.org/10.1098/rsif.2018.0278

© 2018 The Author(s). The falx cerebri and the tentorium cerebelli are two projections of the dura mater in the cranial cavity which ossify to varying degrees in some mammalian species. The idea that the ossification of these structures may be necess... Read More

Bite force and cranial bone strain in four species of lizards (2018)
Journal Article
Ross, C. F., Porro, L. B., Herrel, A., Evans, S. E., & Fagan, M. J. (2018). Bite force and cranial bone strain in four species of lizards. The journal of experimental biology, 221(23), jeb.180240. doi:10.1242/jeb.180240

In vivo bone strain data provide direct evidence of strain patterns in the cranium during biting. Compared to mammals, in vivo bone strains in lizard skulls are poorly documented. This paper presents strain data from the skulls of Anolis equestris, G... Read More

The role of miniaturization in the evolution of the mammalian jaw and middle ear (2018)
Journal Article
Lautenschlager, S., Gill, P. G., Luo, Z. X., Fagan, M. J., & Rayfield, E. J. (2018). The role of miniaturization in the evolution of the mammalian jaw and middle ear. Nature, 561(7724), 533-537. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0521-4

The evolution of the mammalian jaw is one of the most important innovations in vertebrate history, and underpins the exceptional radiation and diversification of mammals over the last 220 million years. In particular, the transformation of the mandi... Read More

Mechanical adaptation of trabecular bone morphology in the mammalian mandible (2018)
Journal Article
Watson, P. J., Fitton, L. C., Meloro, C., Fagan, M. J., & Gröning, F. (2018). Mechanical adaptation of trabecular bone morphology in the mammalian mandible. Scientific reports, 8(1), doi:10.1038/s41598-018-25597-0. ISSN 2045-2322

Alveolar bone, together with the underlying trabecular bone, fulfils an important role in providing structural support against masticatory forces. Diseases such as osteoporosis or periodontitis cause alveolar bone resorption which weakens this struct... Read More

A biomechanical analysis of prognathous and orthognathous insect head capsules: Evidence for a many to one mapping of ridge strain to head strain (2018)
Journal Article
Blanke, A., Pinheiro, M., Watson, P. J., Blanke, A., Pinheiro, M., Watson, P. J., & Fagan, M. J. (2018). A biomechanical analysis of prognathous and orthognathous insect head capsules: Evidence for a many to one mapping of ridge strain to head strain. Journal of evolutionary biology, 31(5), 665-674. doi:10.1111/jeb.13251

Insect head shapes are remarkably variable but the influences of these changes on biomechanical performance are unclear. Among “basal” winged insects, such as dragonflies, mayflies, earwigs, and stoneflies, some of the most prominent anatomical chang... Read More

The potential role of variations in juvenile hip geometry on the development of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: a biomechanical investigation (2018)
Journal Article
Pinheiro, M. D. S., Dobson, C., Clarke, N. M., & Fagan, M. (2018). The potential role of variations in juvenile hip geometry on the development of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: a biomechanical investigation. Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering, 21(2), (194-200). doi:10.1080/10255842.2018.1437151. ISSN 1025-5842

© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is one of the most poorly understood diseases in paediatric orthopaedics. One common trait of LCP is the marked morphological difference between healthy a... Read More

New insights into the biomechanics of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease: The role of epiphyseal skeletal immaturity in vascular obstruction (2018)
Journal Article
Pinheiro, M., Dobson, C. A., Perry, D., & Fagan, M. J. (2018). New insights into the biomechanics of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease: The role of epiphyseal skeletal immaturity in vascular obstruction. Bone & joint research, 7(2), (148-156). doi:10.1302/2046-3758.72.bjr-2017-0191.r1. ISSN 2046-3758

Objectives Legg–Calvé–Perthes’ disease (LCP) is an idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head that is most common in children between four and eight years old. The factors that lead to the onset of LCP are still unclear; however, it is believed tha... Read More

Predicting calvarial growth in normal and craniosynostotic mice using a computational approach (2017)
Journal Article
Marghoub, A., Libby, J., Babbs, C., Pauws, E., Fagan, M. J., & Moazen, M. (2018). Predicting calvarial growth in normal and craniosynostotic mice using a computational approach. Journal of anatomy, 232(3), (440-448). doi:10.1111/joa.12764. ISSN 0021-8782

© 2017 Anatomical Society During postnatal calvarial growth the brain grows gradually and the overlying bones and sutures accommodate that growth until the later juvenile stages. The whole process is coordinated through a complex series of biological... Read More

The biomechanical role of the chondrocranium and sutures in a lizard cranium (2017)
Journal Article
Jones, M. E. H., Gröning, F., Dutel, H., Sharp, A., Fagan, M. J., & Evans, S. E. (2017). The biomechanical role of the chondrocranium and sutures in a lizard cranium. Journal of the Royal Society interface / the Royal Society, 14(137), doi:10.1098/rsif.2017.0637. ISSN 1742-5689

The role of soft tissues in skull biomechanics remains poorly understood. Not least, the chondrocranium, the portion of the braincase which persists as cartilage with varying degrees of mineralization. It also remains commonplace to overlook the biom... Read More

Inclusion of periodontal ligament fibres in mandibular finite element models leads to an increase in alveolar bone strains (2017)
Journal Article
McCormack, S. W., Witzel, U., Watson, P. J., Fagan, M. J., & Gröning, F. (2017). Inclusion of periodontal ligament fibres in mandibular finite element models leads to an increase in alveolar bone strains. PloS one, 12(11), (e0188707). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188707. ISSN 1932-6203

Alveolar bone remodelling is vital for the success of dental implants and orthodontic treatments. However, the underlying biomechanical mechanisms, in particular the function of the periodontal ligament (PDL) in bone loading and remodelling, are not... Read More

Modelling human skull growth: a validated computational model (2017)
Journal Article
Libby, J., Marghoub, A., Johnson, D., Khonsari, R. H., Fagan, M. J., & Moazen, M. (2017). Modelling human skull growth: a validated computational model. Journal of the Royal Society interface / the Royal Society, 14(130), (20170202). doi:10.1098/rsif.2017.0202. ISSN 1742-5689

© 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. During the first year of life, the brain grows rapidly and the neurocranium increases to about 65% of its adult size. Our understanding of the relationship between the biomecha... Read More

Form-function relationships in dragonfly mandibles under an evolutionary perspective (2017)
Journal Article
Blanke, A., Schmitz, H., Patera, A., Dutel, H., & Fagan, M. J. (2017). Form-function relationships in dragonfly mandibles under an evolutionary perspective. Journal of the Royal Society interface / the Royal Society, 14(128), doi:10.1098/rsif.2016.1038. ISSN 1742-5689

© 2017 The Author(s). Functional requirements may constrain phenotypic diversification or foster it. For insect mouthparts, the quantification of the relationship between shape and function in an evolutionary framework remained largely unexplored. He... Read More

The effect of boundary constraints on finite element modelling of the human pelvis (2017)
Journal Article
Watson, P., Dostanpor, A., Fagan, M. J., & Dobson, C. A. (2017). The effect of boundary constraints on finite element modelling of the human pelvis. Medical engineering & physics, 43, (48-57). doi:10.1016/j.medengphy.2017.02.001. ISSN 1350-4533

The use of finite element analysis (FEA) to investigate the biomechanics of anatomical systems critically relies on the specification of physiologically representative boundary conditions. The biomechanics of the pelvis has been the specific focus of... Read More

Computational biomechanics changes our view on insect head evolution (2017)
Journal Article
Blanke, A., Watson, P. J., Holbrey, R., & Fagan, M. J. (2017). Computational biomechanics changes our view on insect head evolution. Proceedings. the Royal Society. Biological sciences /, 284(1848), doi:10.1098/rspb.2016.2412. ISSN 0962-8452

© 2017 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Despite large-scale molecular attempts, the relationships of the basal winged insect lineages dragonflies, mayflies and neopterans, are still unresolved. Other data sources, su... Read More

Morphological evolution of the mammalian jaw adductor complex (2016)
Journal Article
Lautenschlager, S., Gill, P., Luo, Z., Fagan, M. J., & Rayfield, E. J. (2017). Morphological evolution of the mammalian jaw adductor complex. Biological Reviews, 92(4), 1910-1940. doi:10.1111/brv.12314

The evolution of the mammalian jaw during the transition from non-mammalian synapsids to crown mammals is a key event in vertebrate history and characterised by the gradual reduction of its individual bones into a single element and the concomitant t... Read More

Application of Far Cortical Locking Technology in Periprosthetic Femoral Fracture Fixation: A Biomechanical Study (2016)
Journal Article
Moazen, M., Leonidou, A., Pagkalos, J., Marghoub, A., Fagan, M. J., & Tsiridis, E. (2016). Application of Far Cortical Locking Technology in Periprosthetic Femoral Fracture Fixation: A Biomechanical Study. Journal of Arthroplasty, 31(8), (1849-1856). doi:10.1016/j.arth.2016.02.013. ISSN 0883-5403

© 2016 Elsevier Inc. Background Lack of fracture movement could be a potential cause of periprosthetic femoral fracture (PFF) fixation failures. This study aimed to test whether the use of distal far cortical locking screws reduces the overall stiffn... Read More