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Education, income and happiness: Panel evidence for the UK (2018)
Journal Article
FitzRoy, F. R., & Nolan, M. A. (in press). Education, income and happiness: Panel evidence for the UK. Empirical economics, doi:10.1007/s00181-018-1586-5

Using panel data from the BHPS and its Understanding Society extension, we study life satisfaction (LS) and income over nearly two decades, for samples split by education, and age, to our knowledge for the first time. The highly educated went from lo... Read More

Testing the tunnel effect: comparison, age and happiness in UK and German panels (2014)
Journal Article
FitzRoy, F. R., Nolan, M. A., Steinhardt, M. F., & Ulph, D. (2014). Testing the tunnel effect: comparison, age and happiness in UK and German panels. IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, 3(1), 24. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-9012-3-24

In contrast to previous results combining all ages, we find positive effects of comparison income on happiness for the under 45s and negative effects for those over 45. In the UK, these coefficients are several times the magnitude of own income effec... Read More

Welfare policies, relative income and majority choice: Welfare policies, relative income and majority choice (2014)
Journal Article
FitzRoy, F., & Nolan, M. (2016). Welfare policies, relative income and majority choice: Welfare policies, relative income and majority choice. The Manchester school, 84(1), 81-94. doi:10.1111/manc.12083

In a model with heterogeneous workers, quasi‐linear utility and both intensive and extensive margins of employment, we investigate welfare with optimal linear taxes and wage subsidies under Rawlsian and utilitarian objectives, and the effects of conc... Read More

Is there a North-South divide in self-employment in England? (2009)
Journal Article
Burke, A. E., Fitzroy, F. R., & Nolan, M. A. (2009). Is there a North-South divide in self-employment in England?. Regional studies, 43(4), (529-544). doi:10.1080/00343400701827360. ISSN 0034-3404

Using decomposition analysis, the paper investigates why Northern England has fewer but higher performing self-employed individuals than the South. It is found that the causes are mainly structural differences rather than regional variation in indivi... Read More

What makes a die-hard entrepreneur? Beyond the ‘employee or entrepreneur’ dichotomy (2008)
Journal Article
Burke, A. E., FitzRoy, F. R., & Nolan, M. A. (2008). What makes a die-hard entrepreneur? Beyond the ‘employee or entrepreneur’ dichotomy. Small business economics, 31(2), (93-115). doi:10.1007/s11187-007-9086-6. ISSN 0921-898X

The article makes three contributions to the economics literature on entrepreneurship. We offer a new measure of entrepreneurship which accounts for variations in persistence in self-employment and as a result avoids the weakness of approaches which... Read More