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HIV and unintended fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: multilevel predictors of mistimed and unwanted fertility among HIV-positive women. (2020)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (in press). HIV and unintended fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: multilevel predictors of mistimed and unwanted fertility among HIV-positive women. Population Research and Policy Review, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-020-09620-9

© 2020, Springer Nature B.V. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has a disproportionate burden of both unintended fertility and HIV infection, but the relationship between these two reproductive health risks is not well understood. This paper investigates the a... Read More about HIV and unintended fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: multilevel predictors of mistimed and unwanted fertility among HIV-positive women..

Trends in and predictors of pregnancy termination among 15-24 year-old women in Nigeria: A multi-level analysis of demographic and health surveys 2003-2018 (2020)
Journal Article
Onukwugha, F. I., Magadi, M. A., Sarki, A. M., & Smith, L. (2020). Trends in and predictors of pregnancy termination among 15-24 year-old women in Nigeria: A multi-level analysis of demographic and health surveys 2003-2018. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20(1), https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03164-8

© 2020 The Author(s). Background: Three-quarters of pregnancy terminations in Africa are carried out in unsafe conditions. Unsafe abortion is the leading cause of maternal mortality among 15-24 year-old women in Sub-Saharan Africa. Greater understand... Read More about Trends in and predictors of pregnancy termination among 15-24 year-old women in Nigeria: A multi-level analysis of demographic and health surveys 2003-2018.

The effectiveness and characteristics of mHealth interventions to increase adolescent’s use of sexual and reproductive health services in Sub-Saharan Africa: protocol for a systematic review (2020)
Working Paper
Onukwugha, F., Smith, L., Kaseje, . D., Wafula, . C., Kaseje, . M., Were, V., … Magadi, . M. The effectiveness and characteristics of mHealth interventions to increase adolescent’s use of sexual and reproductive health services in Sub-Saharan Africa: protocol for a systematic review

Understanding ethnic variations in HIV prevalence in Kenya: the role of cultural practices (2020)
Journal Article
Magadi, M., Gazimbi, M., Wafula, C., & Kaseje, M. (2020). Understanding ethnic variations in HIV prevalence in Kenya: the role of cultural practices. Culture, health & sexuality, https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2020.1734661

Patterns of HIV prevalence in Kenya suggest that areas where various cultural practices are prevalent bear a disproportionate burden of HIV. This paper examines (i) the contextual effects of cultural practices (polygyny, male circumcision) and relate... Read More about Understanding ethnic variations in HIV prevalence in Kenya: the role of cultural practices.

Views of Service Providers and Adolescents on Use of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services by Adolescents: A Systematic Review (2019)
Journal Article
Onukwugha, F. I., Hayter, M., & Magadi, M. A. (2019). Views of Service Providers and Adolescents on Use of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services by Adolescents: A Systematic Review. African journal of reproductive health, 23(2), 134-147. https://doi.org/10.29063/ajrh2019/v23i2.13

This review examines the literature on adolescents' and providers' views on access and use of Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services. The SRH services referred to in this study were predominantly family planning services, STI t... Read More about Views of Service Providers and Adolescents on Use of Sexual and Reproductive Health Services by Adolescents: A Systematic Review.

Social and structural vulnerability to HIV infection in Uganda: A multilevel modelling of AIDS indicators survey data, 2004-2005 and 2011 (2018)
Journal Article
Igulot, P., & A Magadi, M. (2018). Social and structural vulnerability to HIV infection in Uganda: A multilevel modelling of AIDS indicators survey data, 2004-2005 and 2011. Journal of community medicine, 1(2), https://doi.org/10.33582/2637-4900/1008

Introduction: Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) continues to exhibit inequalities in HIV epidemic. As of 2017, about 69.5% of people living with HIV, 64% of new infections and 73% HIV-related deaths were in SSA. Most HIV research conducted in the continent ha... Read More about Social and structural vulnerability to HIV infection in Uganda: A multilevel modelling of AIDS indicators survey data, 2004-2005 and 2011.

Individual and Community-level Determinants of Antenatal HIV Testing in Zimbabwe (2018)
Journal Article
Magadi, M., & Gazimbi, M. M. (2019). Individual and Community-level Determinants of Antenatal HIV Testing in Zimbabwe. Journal of biosocial science, 51(2), 203-224. https://doi.org/10.1017/S002193201800007X

This study contributes to the dialogue on prevention of mother to child HIV transmission (PMTCT) through the use of HIV and antenatal care (ANC) integrated services. This was done by exploring the determinants of antenatal HIV testing in Zimbabwe. Mu... Read More about Individual and Community-level Determinants of Antenatal HIV Testing in Zimbabwe.

Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS (2017)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2017). Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. Health and Place, 46, 37-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.006

This paper examined national variations and multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in the context of HIV/AIDS using data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 29 countries of SSA. Results showed... Read More about Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS.

A multilevel analysis of the determinants of HIV testing in Zimbabwe: evidence from the demographic and health surveys (2017)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A., & Gazimbi, M. M. (2017). A multilevel analysis of the determinants of HIV testing in Zimbabwe: evidence from the demographic and health surveys. HIV/AIDS research and treatment : open journal, 4(1), 14-31 . https://doi.org/10.17140/HARTOJ-4-124

Introduction Zimbabwe is still burdened with HIV epidemic and the government has an ambitious aim in the post-2015 era to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. To achieve this, the government has set up the 90-90-90 strategic milestones to be achieved by 20... Read More about A multilevel analysis of the determinants of HIV testing in Zimbabwe: evidence from the demographic and health surveys.

HIV/AIDS and contraceptive use: Factors associated with contraceptive use among sexually-active HIV-positive women in Kenya (2016)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A., & Magadi, W. A. (2017). HIV/AIDS and contraceptive use: Factors associated with contraceptive use among sexually-active HIV-positive women in Kenya. Contraception, 95(3), 312-321 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.contraception.2016.10.013

Objectives: With increased availability of anti-retroviral therapy and improved survival for people living with HIV, more HIV-positive women are leading full reproductive lives. However, HIV-positive women have special contraceptive needs/concerns. T... Read More about HIV/AIDS and contraceptive use: Factors associated with contraceptive use among sexually-active HIV-positive women in Kenya.

Understanding the urban-rural disparity in HIV and poverty nexus: the case of Kenya (2016)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2017). Understanding the urban-rural disparity in HIV and poverty nexus: the case of Kenya. Journal of Public Health, 39(3), e63-e72. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdw065

Background The relationship between HIV and poverty is complex and recent studies reveal an urban-rural divide that is not well understood. This paper examines the urban-rural disparity in the relationship between poverty and HIV infection in Kenya,... Read More about Understanding the urban-rural disparity in HIV and poverty nexus: the case of Kenya.

HIV/AIDS and contraceptive method choice : demographic and socio-economic correlates of contraceptive method choice among HIV-positive women practising family planning in Kenya (2016)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2016). HIV/AIDS and contraceptive method choice : demographic and socio-economic correlates of contraceptive method choice among HIV-positive women practising family planning in Kenya. HIV/AIDS research and treatment : open journal, 3(1), 1-12. doi:10.17140/HARTOJ-3-119

Introduction: As the generalized HIV epidemic in specific settings of sub-Saharan Africa continues to evolve, there is need for evidence-based response to address emerging challenges, which include enabling the large number of women living with HIV m... Read More about HIV/AIDS and contraceptive method choice : demographic and socio-economic correlates of contraceptive method choice among HIV-positive women practising family planning in Kenya.

Onset of sexual activity among adolescents in HIV/AIDS affected households in sub-Saharan Africa (2014)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A., & Uchudi, J. (2015). Onset of sexual activity among adolescents in HIV/AIDS affected households in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of biosocial science, 47(2), 238-257 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021932014000200

This paper examines the effect of orphanhood and HIV status of adults in a household on onset of sexual activity among adolescent girls and boys aged 15-17 years in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We apply multilevel logistic models to pooled Demographic a... Read More about Onset of sexual activity among adolescents in HIV/AIDS affected households in sub-Saharan Africa.

Migration as a risk factor for HIV infection among youths in sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from the DHS (2013)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2013). Migration as a risk factor for HIV infection among youths in sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from the DHS. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 648(1), (136-158). doi:10.1177/0002716213482440. ISSN 0002-7162

Of the estimated 10 million youths living with HIV worldwide, 63 percent live in sub-Saharan Africa. This article focuses on migration as a risk factor of HIV infection among the youths in sub-Saharan Africa. The study is based on multilevel modeling... Read More about Migration as a risk factor for HIV infection among youths in sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from the DHS.

The disproportionate high risk of HIV infection among the urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa (2012)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2013). The disproportionate high risk of HIV infection among the urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS and Behavior, 17(5), (1645-1654). doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0217-y. ISSN 1090-7165

The link between HIV infection and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is rather complex and findings from previous studies remain inconsistent. While some argue that poverty increases vulnerability, existing empirical evidence largely support the vi... Read More about The disproportionate high risk of HIV infection among the urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa.

A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA (2011)
Journal Article
Uchudi, J., Mostazir, M., & Magadi, M. (2012). A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. Journal of biosocial science, 44(3), (289-311). doi:10.1017/S0021932011000654. ISSN 0021-9320

A number of authors have identified multiple concurrent sexual partnerships by both men and women to lie at the root of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. This study applies multilevel models to Demographic and Health Survey data collected... Read More about A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA.

A multilevel analysis of the determinants and cross-national variations of HIV seropositivity in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the DHS (2011)
Journal Article
Magadi, M., & Desta, M. (2011). A multilevel analysis of the determinants and cross-national variations of HIV seropositivity in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the DHS. Health and Place, 17(5), 1067-1083. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.06.004

This paper applies multilevel logistic regression models to Demographic and Health Survey data collected during 2003-2008 from 20 countries of sub-Saharan Africa to examine the determinants and cross-national variations in the risk of HIV seropositiv... Read More about A multilevel analysis of the determinants and cross-national variations of HIV seropositivity in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the DHS.

Household and community HIV/AIDS status and child malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the demographic and health surveys (2011)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2011). Household and community HIV/AIDS status and child malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the demographic and health surveys. Social science & medicine, 73(3), (436-446). doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.05.042. ISSN 0277-9536

This paper examines the extent to which under five children in households or communities adversely affected by HIV/AIDS are disadvantaged, in comparison with other children in less affected households/communities. The study is based on secondary anal... Read More about Household and community HIV/AIDS status and child malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the demographic and health surveys.

Understanding the gender disparity in HIV infection across countries in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys (2011)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2011). Understanding the gender disparity in HIV infection across countries in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Sociology of Health and Illness, 33(4), 522-539. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01304.x

Women in sub-SaharanAfrica bear a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, which is exacerbated by their role in society and biological vulnerability. The specific objectives of this article are to (i) determine the e... Read More about Understanding the gender disparity in HIV infection across countries in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys.