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Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS (2017)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2017). Multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. Health and Place, 46, 37-48. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.04.006

This paper examined national variations and multilevel determinants of teenage childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in the context of HIV/AIDS using data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 29 countries of SSA. Results showed... Read More

HIV/AIDS and contraceptive use: Factors associated with contraceptive use among sexually-active HIV-positive women in Kenya (2016)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A., & Magadi, W. A. (2017). HIV/AIDS and contraceptive use: Factors associated with contraceptive use among sexually-active HIV-positive women in Kenya. Contraception, 95(3), 312-321. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2016.10.013

Objectives: With increased availability of anti-retroviral therapy and improved survival for people living with HIV, more HIV-positive women are leading full reproductive lives. However, HIV-positive women have special contraceptive needs/concerns. T... Read More

Understanding the urban-rural disparity in HIV and poverty nexus: the case of Kenya (2016)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2017). Understanding the urban-rural disparity in HIV and poverty nexus: the case of Kenya. Journal of Public Health, 39(3), (e63-e72). doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdw065. ISSN 1741-3842

Background The relationship between HIV and poverty is complex and recent studies reveal an urban-rural divide that is not well understood. This paper examines the urban-rural disparity in the relationship between poverty and HIV infection in Kenya,... Read More

Onset of sexual activity among adolescents in HIV/AIDS affected households in sub-Saharan Africa (2014)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A., & Uchudi, J. (2015). Onset of sexual activity among adolescents in HIV/AIDS affected households in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of biosocial science, 47(2), (238-257). doi:10.1017/S0021932014000200. ISSN 0021-9320

This paper examines the effect of orphanhood and HIV status of adults in a household on onset of sexual activity among adolescent girls and boys aged 15-17 years in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We apply multilevel logistic models to pooled Demographic a... Read More

Migration as a risk factor for HIV infection among youths in sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from the DHS (2013)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2013). Migration as a risk factor for HIV infection among youths in sub-Saharan Africa : evidence from the DHS. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 648(1), (136-158). doi:10.1177/0002716213482440. ISSN 0002-7162

Of the estimated 10 million youths living with HIV worldwide, 63 percent live in sub-Saharan Africa. This article focuses on migration as a risk factor of HIV infection among the youths in sub-Saharan Africa. The study is based on multilevel modeling... Read More

The disproportionate high risk of HIV infection among the urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa (2012)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2013). The disproportionate high risk of HIV infection among the urban poor in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS and Behavior, 17(5), (1645-1654). doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0217-y. ISSN 1090-7165

The link between HIV infection and poverty in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is rather complex and findings from previous studies remain inconsistent. While some argue that poverty increases vulnerability, existing empirical evidence largely support the vi... Read More

A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA (2011)
Journal Article
Uchudi, J., Mostazir, M., & Magadi, M. (2012). A MULTILEVEL ANALYSIS OF THE DETERMINANTS OF HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA. Journal of biosocial science, 44(3), (289-311). doi:10.1017/S0021932011000654. ISSN 0021-9320

A number of authors have identified multiple concurrent sexual partnerships by both men and women to lie at the root of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. This study applies multilevel models to Demographic and Health Survey data collected... Read More

A multilevel analysis of the determinants and cross-national variations of HIV seropositivity in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the DHS (2011)
Journal Article
Magadi, M., & Desta, M. (2011). A multilevel analysis of the determinants and cross-national variations of HIV seropositivity in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from the DHS. Health and Place, 17(5), (1067-1083). doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.06.004. ISSN 1353-8292

This paper applies multilevel logistic regression models to Demographic and Health Survey data collected during 2003-2008 from 20 countries of sub-Saharan Africa to examine the determinants and cross-national variations in the risk of HIV seropositiv... Read More

Household and community HIV/AIDS status and child malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the demographic and health surveys (2011)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2011). Household and community HIV/AIDS status and child malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the demographic and health surveys. Social science & medicine, 73(3), (436-446). doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.05.042. ISSN 0277-9536

This paper examines the extent to which under five children in households or communities adversely affected by HIV/AIDS are disadvantaged, in comparison with other children in less affected households/communities. The study is based on secondary anal... Read More

Understanding the gender disparity in HIV infection across countries in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys (2011)
Journal Article
Magadi, M. A. (2011). Understanding the gender disparity in HIV infection across countries in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Demographic and Health Surveys. Sociology of Health and Illness, 33(4), (522-539). doi:10.1111/j.1467-9566.2010.01304.x. ISSN 0141-9889

Women in sub-SaharanAfrica bear a disproportionate burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, which is exacerbated by their role in society and biological vulnerability. The specific objectives of this article are to (i) determine the e... Read More

Investigating the association between HIV/AIDS and recent fertility patterns in Kenya (2010)
Journal Article
Magadi, M., & Agwanda, A. O. (2010). Investigating the association between HIV/AIDS and recent fertility patterns in Kenya. Social science & medicine, 71(2), 335-344. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.03.040

Findings from previous studies linking the HIV/AIDS epidemic and fertility of populations have remained inconclusive. In sub-Saharan Africa, demographic patterns point to the epidemic resulting in fertility reduction. However, evidence from the 2003... Read More

Determinants of transitions to first sexual intercourse, marriage and pregnancy among female adolescents: evidence from South Nyanza, Kenya (2008)
Journal Article
MAGADI, M. A., Agwanda, A. O., & Magadi, M. A. (2009). Determinants of transitions to first sexual intercourse, marriage and pregnancy among female adolescents: evidence from South Nyanza, Kenya. Journal of biosocial science, 41(3), 409-427. doi:10.1017/S0021932008003210

Summary The timing of transitions to sexual activity, marriage and childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing profound changes. This study investigates the determinants of adolescent transitions in South Nyanza, a socioeconomically deprived set... Read More

Gender-role attitudes and reproductive health communication among female adolescents in South Nyanza, Kenya (2006)
Journal Article
Agwanda, A., Obare, F., & Magadi, M. (2006). Gender-role attitudes and reproductive health communication among female adolescents in South Nyanza, Kenya. Etude de la population africaine = African population studies, 21(1), (37 - 54). ISSN 0850-5780

In this paper, we use data from three districts of NyanzaProvince in Kenya to examine gender-role attitudes and reproductive health communication among adolescent females aged 12-19 years. We test for differences in gender-role attitudes between youn... Read More

Size of newborn and caesarean section deliveries among teenagers in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from DHS (2006)
Journal Article
Agwanda, A., Obare, F., Taffa, N., & Magadi, M. (2007). Size of newborn and caesarean section deliveries among teenagers in sub-Saharan Africa: evidence from DHS. Journal of biosocial science, 39(2), 175-187. doi:10.1017/s0021932006001313

This paper uses DHS data from 20 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, collected in the late 1990s and early 2000s, to examine perceived size of newborn and Caesarean section deliveries among teenagers in the region. A comparison between teenagers and old... Read More