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Association between somatosensory, visual and vestibular contributions to postural control, reactive balance capacity and healthy ageing in older women (2018)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., O’Brien, T. D., & Vanicek, N. (2018). Association between somatosensory, visual and vestibular contributions to postural control, reactive balance capacity and healthy ageing in older women. Health care for women international, 39(12), 1366-1380. https://doi.org/10.1080/07399332.2018.1499106

We investigated the biological systems involved in maintaining equilibrium during unstable and perturbed conditions in 39 healthy older women and estimated the annual difference in performance across the older age spectrum using regression. The large... Read More

Relationships between walking speed, T-score and age with gait parameters in older post-menopausal women with low bone mineral density (2018)
Journal Article
Dostanpor, A., Dobson, C. A., & Vanicek, N. (2018). Relationships between walking speed, T-score and age with gait parameters in older post-menopausal women with low bone mineral density. Gait and Posture, 64, (230-237). doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.05.005. ISSN 0966-6362

Background: The gait patterns of women with low bone mineral density (BMD) or osteoporosis have not been thoroughly explored, and when examined, often studied in relation to falls and kyphosis. Research question: The aim of this study was to investig... Read More

Do predictive relationships exist between postural control and falls efficacy in unilateral transtibial prosthesis users? (2018)
Journal Article
Barnett, C. T., Vanicek, N., & Rusaw, D. F. (2018). Do predictive relationships exist between postural control and falls efficacy in unilateral transtibial prosthesis users?. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 99(11), 2271-2278. doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.016

Objective: To assess whether variables from a postural control test relate to and predict falls efficacy in prosthesis users. Design: Twelve-month within and between subjects repeated measures design. Participants performed the Limits of Stability... Read More

A personalised exercise programme for individuals with lower limb amputation reduces falls and improves gait biomechanics: A block randomised controlled trial (2018)
Journal Article
Schafer, Z. A., Perry, J. L., & Vanicek, N. (2018). A personalised exercise programme for individuals with lower limb amputation reduces falls and improves gait biomechanics: A block randomised controlled trial. Gait and Posture, 63, 282-289. doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.04.030

Background: Lower limb amputees (LLAs) are at increased risk of falling due to the inherent asymmetry resulting from their limb loss, muscle weakness and other neuro-musculoskeletal limitations. Research question: The aim of this study was to evaluat... Read More

Joint moment strategies during stair descent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (2018)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2018). Joint moment strategies during stair descent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication. Gait and Posture, 62, (359-365). doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.03.035. ISSN 0966-6362

Objective To determine the lower limb joint kinetic strategies during stair descent in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease (PAD-IC). Design Cross-sectional observation study. Setting University laboratory. Participants A total of 22 parti... Read More

The effects of robot assisted gait training on temporal-spatial characteristics of people with spinal cord injuries: a systematic review (2018)
Journal Article
Hayes, S. C., James Wilcox, C. R., Forbes White, H. S., & Vanicek, N. (2018). The effects of robot assisted gait training on temporal-spatial characteristics of people with spinal cord injuries: a systematic review. The journal of spinal cord medicine : JSCM, 41(5), 529-543. doi:10.1080/10790268.2018.1426236

Context: Robotic assisted gait training (RAGT) technology can be used as a rehabilitation tool or as an assistive device for spinal cord injured (SCI) individuals. Its impact on upright stepping characteristics of SCI individuals using treadmill or o... Read More

Spatiotemporal and plantar pressure patterns of 1000 healthy individuals aged 3-101 years (2017)
Journal Article
McKay, M. J., Baldwin, J. N., Ferreira, P., Simic, M., Vanicek, N., Wojciechowski, E., …Burns, J. (2017). Spatiotemporal and plantar pressure patterns of 1000 healthy individuals aged 3-101 years. Gait and Posture, 58, (78-87). doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.07.004. ISSN 0966-6362

Objective The purpose of this study was to establish normative reference values for spatiotemporal and plantar pressure parameters, and to investigate the influence of demographic, anthropometric and physical characteristics. Methods In 1000 healthy... Read More

Sagittal plane joint kinetics during stair ascent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (2017)
Journal Article
King, S. L., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2017). Sagittal plane joint kinetics during stair ascent in patients with peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication. Gait and Posture, 55, (81-86). doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.03.029. ISSN 0966-6362

Stair negotiation poses a substantial physical demand on the musculoskeletal system and this challenging task can place individuals at risk of falls. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) can cause intermittent claudication (IC) pain in the calf and resu... Read More

Reference values for developing responsive functional outcome measures across the lifespan (2017)
Journal Article
McKay, M. J., Baldwin, J. N., Ferreira, P., Simic, M., Vanicek, N., Burns, J., & For the 1000 Norms Project Consortium, . (2017). Reference values for developing responsive functional outcome measures across the lifespan. Neurology, 88(16), 1512-1519. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000003847

Objective: To generate a reference dataset of commonly performed functional outcome measures in 1,000 children and adults and investigate the influence of demographic, anthropometric, strength, and flexibility characteristics. Methods: Twelve functio... Read More

Normative reference values for strength and flexibility of 1,000 children and adults (2016)
Journal Article
McKay, M. J., Baldwin, J. N., Ferreira, P., Simic, M., Vanicek, N., Burns, J., & For the 1000 Norms Project Consortium, . (2017). Normative reference values for strength and flexibility of 1,000 children and adults. Neurology, 88(1), 36-43. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000003466

Objectives: To establish reference values for isometric strength of 12 muscle groups and flexibility of 13 joint movements in 1000 children and adults, and investigate the influence of demographic and anthropometric factors. Methods: A standardized r... Read More

Gastrocnemius muscle architecture and achilles tendon properties influence walking distance in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease (2016)
Journal Article
O'brien, T. D., King, S. L., & Vanicek, N. (2016). Gastrocnemius muscle architecture and achilles tendon properties influence walking distance in claudicants with peripheral arterial disease. Muscle & nerve, 53(5), (733-741). doi:10.1002/mus.24925. ISSN 0148-639X

© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Introduction: The extent to which gastrocnemius muscle and Achilles tendon properties contribute to the impaired walking endurance of claudicants is not known. Methods: Ultrasound images quantified muscle architecture o... Read More

Biomechanical demands of the 2-step transitional gait cycles linking level gait and stair descent gait in older women (2015)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., O'Brien, T. D., & Vanicek, N. (2015). Biomechanical demands of the 2-step transitional gait cycles linking level gait and stair descent gait in older women. Journal of biomechanics, 48(16), (4191-4197). doi:10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.09.020. ISSN 0021-9290

Stair descent is an inherently complex form of locomotion posing a high falls risk for older adults, specifically when negotiating the transitional gait cycles linking level gait and descent. The aim of this study was to enhance our understanding of... Read More

Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance (2015)
Journal Article
King, S., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2015). Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance. Journal of vascular surgery, 62(3), (689-697). doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2015.03.039. ISSN 0741-5214

Objective Peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (PAD-IC) negatively affects physical activity and function. There is evidence for plantarflexor muscle dysfunction and weakness; however, the extent to which this dysfunction can be... Read More

Acute changes in kinematic and muscle activity patterns in habitually shod rearfoot strikers while running barefoot (2015)
Journal Article
Vanicek, N., Halaki, M., & Strauts, J. (2016). Acute changes in kinematic and muscle activity patterns in habitually shod rearfoot strikers while running barefoot. Journal of sports sciences, 34(1), (75-87). doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1034756. ISSN 0264-0414

The aim of this study was to observe changes in the kinematics and muscle activities when barefoot running was initially adopted by six habitually shod, recreational rearfoot striking runners. Participants ran on a treadmill shod for 5 min, completed... Read More

Forming norms: informing diagnosis and management in sports medicine (2015)
Journal Article
Baldwin, J. N., McKay, M. J., Hiller, C. E., Nightingale, E. J., Moloney, N., Vanicek, N., …Burns, J. (2015). Forming norms: informing diagnosis and management in sports medicine. British journal of sports medicine, 49(19), 1226-1227. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-094489

Clinicians aim to identify abnormalities, and distinguish harmful from harmless abnormalities. In sports medicine, measures of physical function such as strength, balance and joint flexibility are used as diagnostic tools to identify causes of pain a... Read More

1000 Norms Project: Protocol of a cross-sectional study cataloging human variation (2015)
Journal Article
Baldwin, J. N., McKay, M. J., Hiller, C. E., Nightingale, E. J., Moloney, N. A., Quinlan, K. G., …Sman, A. (2016). 1000 Norms Project: Protocol of a cross-sectional study cataloging human variation. Physiotherapy, 102(1), (50-56). doi:10.1016/j.physio.2014.12.002. ISSN 0031-9406

Background Clinical decision-making regarding diagnosis and management largely depends on comparison with healthy or ‘normal’ values. Physiotherapists and researchers therefore need access to robust patient-centred outcome measures and appropriate re... Read More

Age-related changes in physical functioning : correlates between objective and self-reported outcomes (2014)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., O'Brien, T. D., & Vanicek, N. (2015). Age-related changes in physical functioning : correlates between objective and self-reported outcomes. Physiotherapy, 101(2), 204-213. doi:10.1016/j.physio.2014.09.001

Objectives To quantify the variance attributable to age and estimate annual decline in physical function and self-reported health using a battery of outcome measures in healthy older females. To determine whether self-reported functional losses are s... Read More

Longitudinal changes in transtibial amputee gait characteristics when negotiating a change in surface height during continuous gait (2014)
Journal Article
Vanicek, N., Barnett, C. T., & Polman, R. C. (2014). Longitudinal changes in transtibial amputee gait characteristics when negotiating a change in surface height during continuous gait. Clinical biomechanics, 29(7), (787-793). doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2014.05.012. ISSN 0268-0033

Background Negotiating a raised surface during continuous gait is an important activity of daily living and is a potentially hazardous task with regards to trips, falls and fall-related injury. However, it is not known how recent transtibial amputees... Read More

Kinematic differences exist between transtibial amputee fallers and non-fallers during downwards step transitioning (2014)
Journal Article
Strike, S. C., Vanicek, N., Polman, R., & Strike, S. C. (2015). Kinematic differences exist between transtibial amputee fallers and non-fallers during downwards step transitioning. Prosthetics and orthotics international, 39(4), (322-332). doi:10.1177/0309364614532867. ISSN 0309-3646

Background: Stair negotiation is biomechanically more challenging than level gait. There are few biomechanical assessments of transtibial amputees descending stairs and none specifically related to falls. Stair descent may elicit more differences tha... Read More