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Biomechanical demands of the 2-step transitional gait cycles linking level gait and stair descent gait in older women (2015)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., O'Brien, T. D., & Vanicek, N. (2015). Biomechanical demands of the 2-step transitional gait cycles linking level gait and stair descent gait in older women. Journal of biomechanics, 48(16), 4191-4197. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.09.020

Stair descent is an inherently complex form of locomotion posing a high falls risk for older adults, specifically when negotiating the transitional gait cycles linking level gait and descent. The aim of this study was to enhance our understanding of... Read More about Biomechanical demands of the 2-step transitional gait cycles linking level gait and stair descent gait in older women.

Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance (2015)
Journal Article
King, S., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2015). Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance. Journal of vascular surgery, 62(3), 689-697. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2015.03.039

Objective Peripheral arterial disease and intermittent claudication (PAD-IC) negatively affects physical activity and function. There is evidence for plantarflexor muscle dysfunction and weakness; however, the extent to which this dysfunction can be... Read More about Dynamic muscle quality of the plantar flexors is impaired in claudicant patients with peripheral arterial disease and associated with poorer walking endurance.

Acute changes in kinematic and muscle activity patterns in habitually shod rearfoot strikers while running barefoot (2015)
Journal Article
Vanicek, N., Halaki, M., & Strauts, J. (2016). Acute changes in kinematic and muscle activity patterns in habitually shod rearfoot strikers while running barefoot. Journal of sports sciences, 34(1), (75-87). doi:10.1080/02640414.2015.1034756. ISSN 0264-0414

The aim of this study was to observe changes in the kinematics and muscle activities when barefoot running was initially adopted by six habitually shod, recreational rearfoot striking runners. Participants ran on a treadmill shod for 5 min, completed... Read More about Acute changes in kinematic and muscle activity patterns in habitually shod rearfoot strikers while running barefoot.

Forming norms: informing diagnosis and management in sports medicine (2015)
Journal Article
Baldwin, J. N., McKay, M. J., Hiller, C. E., Nightingale, E. J., Moloney, N., Vanicek, N., …Burns, J. (2015). Forming norms: informing diagnosis and management in sports medicine. British journal of sports medicine, 49(19), 1226-1227. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-094489

Clinicians aim to identify abnormalities, and distinguish harmful from harmless abnormalities. In sports medicine, measures of physical function such as strength, balance and joint flexibility are used as diagnostic tools to identify causes of pain a... Read More about Forming norms: informing diagnosis and management in sports medicine.

1000 Norms Project: Protocol of a cross-sectional study cataloging human variation (2015)
Journal Article
McKay, M. J., Baldwin, J. N., Ferreira, P., Simic, M., Vanicek, N., Hiller, C. E., …on behalf of the 1000 Norms Project Consortium, . (2016). 1000 Norms Project: Protocol of a cross-sectional study cataloging human variation. Physiotherapy, 102(1), (50-56). doi:10.1016/j.physio.2014.12.002. ISSN 0031-9406

Background Clinical decision-making regarding diagnosis and management largely depends on comparison with healthy or ‘normal’ values. Physiotherapists and researchers therefore need access to robust patient-centred outcome measures and appropriate re... Read More about 1000 Norms Project: Protocol of a cross-sectional study cataloging human variation.

Age-related changes in physical functioning : correlates between objective and self-reported outcomes (2014)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., O'Brien, T. D., & Vanicek, N. (2015). Age-related changes in physical functioning : correlates between objective and self-reported outcomes. Physiotherapy, 101(2), 204-213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2014.09.001

Objectives To quantify the variance attributable to age and estimate annual decline in physical function and self-reported health using a battery of outcome measures in healthy older females. To determine whether self-reported functional losses are s... Read More about Age-related changes in physical functioning : correlates between objective and self-reported outcomes.

Longitudinal changes in transtibial amputee gait characteristics when negotiating a change in surface height during continuous gait (2014)
Journal Article
Barnett, C. T., Polman, R. C. J., & Vanicek, N. (2014). Longitudinal changes in transtibial amputee gait characteristics when negotiating a change in surface height during continuous gait. Clinical biomechanics, 29(7), 787-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2014.05.012

Background Negotiating a raised surface during continuous gait is an important activity of daily living and is a potentially hazardous task with regards to trips, falls and fall-related injury. However, it is not known how recent transtibial amputees... Read More about Longitudinal changes in transtibial amputee gait characteristics when negotiating a change in surface height during continuous gait.

Kinematic differences exist between transtibial amputee fallers and non-fallers during downwards step transitioning (2014)
Journal Article
Vanicek, N., Strike, S. C., & Polman, R. (2015). Kinematic differences exist between transtibial amputee fallers and non-fallers during downwards step transitioning. Prosthetics and orthotics international, 39(4), 322-332. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309364614532867

Background: Stair negotiation is biomechanically more challenging than level gait. There are few biomechanical assessments of transtibial amputees descending stairs and none specifically related to falls. Stair descent may elicit more differences tha... Read More about Kinematic differences exist between transtibial amputee fallers and non-fallers during downwards step transitioning.

Effect of supervised exercise on physical function and balance in patients with intermittent claudication (2014)
Journal Article
Mockford, K. A., Gohil, R. A., Mazari, F., Khan, J. A., Vanicek, N., Coughlin, P. A., & Chetter, I. C. (2014). Effect of supervised exercise on physical function and balance in patients with intermittent claudication. British journal of surgery : BJS, 101(4), 356-362. https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.9402

Background The aim of the study was to identify whether a standard supervised exercise programme (SEP) for patients with intermittent claudication improved specific measures of functional performance including balance. Methods A prospective observati... Read More about Effect of supervised exercise on physical function and balance in patients with intermittent claudication.

Fear of falling in claudicants and its relationship to physical ability, balance, and quality of Life (2014)
Journal Article
Lane, R. A., Mazari, F., Mockford, K. A., Vanicek, N., Chetter, I. C., & Coughlin, P. A. (2014). Fear of falling in claudicants and its relationship to physical ability, balance, and quality of Life. Vascular and endovascular surgery, 48(4), 297-304 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1538574413519711

Objectives: Intermittent claudication is associated with poor physical function, quality of life (QoL), and balance impairment. Fear of falling (FoF) is a recognized contributing factor to poor physical ability. Any link between claudication and FoF... Read More about Fear of falling in claudicants and its relationship to physical ability, balance, and quality of Life.

Computerized dynamic posturography for postural control assessment in patients with intermittent claudication. (2013)
Journal Article
Vanicek, N., King, S. A., Gohil, R., Chetter, I. C., & Coughlin, P. A. (2013). Computerized dynamic posturography for postural control assessment in patients with intermittent claudication. Journal of Visualized Experiments, https://doi.org/10.3791/51077

Computerized dynamic posturography with the EquiTest is an objective technique for measuring postural strategies under challenging static and dynamic conditions. As part of a diagnostic assessment, the early detection of postural deficits is importan... Read More about Computerized dynamic posturography for postural control assessment in patients with intermittent claudication..

Biomechanical demands differentiate transitioning vs. continuous stair ascent gait in older women (2013)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., O'Brien, T. D., & Vanicek, N. (2014). Biomechanical demands differentiate transitioning vs. continuous stair ascent gait in older women. Clinical biomechanics, 29(1), 111-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.10.007

Background Stair ascent mechanics change with age, but little is known about the differing functional demands of transitioning and continuous ascent. Work investigating the risky transition from gait to ascent is sparse, and the strategies that older... Read More about Biomechanical demands differentiate transitioning vs. continuous stair ascent gait in older women.

Longitudinal kinematic and kinetic adaptations to obstacle crossing in recent lower limb amputees (2013)
Journal Article
Barnett, C. T., Polman, R. C. J., & Vanicek, N. (2014). Longitudinal kinematic and kinetic adaptations to obstacle crossing in recent lower limb amputees. Prosthetics and orthotics international, 38(6), 437-446. https://doi.org/10.1177/0309364613506249

Background: Obstacle crossing is an important activity of daily living, necessary to avoid tripping or falling, although it is not fully understood how transtibial amputees adapt to performing this activity of daily living following discharge from r... Read More about Longitudinal kinematic and kinetic adaptations to obstacle crossing in recent lower limb amputees.

Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty results in improved physical function but not balance in patients with intermittent claudication (2013)
Journal Article
Gohil, R. A., Mockford, K. A., Mazari, F. A., Khan, J. A., Van Vanicek, N., Chetter, I. C., & Coughlin, P. A. (2013). Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty results in improved physical function but not balance in patients with intermittent claudication. Journal of vascular surgery, 58(6), 1533-1539. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2013.05.106

Objective The aim of this study was to identify whether revascularization by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for patients with intermittent claudication improved measures of functional performance including balance. Methods A prospective... Read More about Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty results in improved physical function but not balance in patients with intermittent claudication.

Temporal adaptations in generic and population-specific quality of life and falls efficacy in men with recent lower-limb amputations (2013)
Journal Article
Barnett, C. T., Vanicek, N., & Polman, R. C. (2013). Temporal adaptations in generic and population-specific quality of life and falls efficacy in men with recent lower-limb amputations. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 50(3), 437-448. https://doi.org/10.1682/JRRD.2011.10.0205

This study examined the longitudinal changes in generic health-related quality of life (QOL), prosthesis-related QOL, falls efficacy, and walking speed in men with lower-limb amputations up to 6 months following discharge from rehabilitation. Seven m... Read More about Temporal adaptations in generic and population-specific quality of life and falls efficacy in men with recent lower-limb amputations.

Balance impairment, physical ability, and its link with disease severity in patients with intermittent claudication (2013)
Journal Article
Gohil, R. A., Mockford, K. A., Mazari, F., Khan, J., Vanicek, N., Chetter, I. C., & Coughlin, P. A. (2013). Balance impairment, physical ability, and its link with disease severity in patients with intermittent claudication. Annals of vascular surgery, 27(1), 68-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2012.05.005

BackgroundTo determine whether increasing claudication severity is associated with impaired balance and physical functional ability.MethodsA prospective observational study in claudicants was performed. Disease severity was determined according to Ru... Read More about Balance impairment, physical ability, and its link with disease severity in patients with intermittent claudication.

Alterations in gait speed and age do not fully explain the changes in gait mechanics associated with healthy older women (2012)
Journal Article
Alcock, L., Vanicek, N., & O'Brien, T. D. (2013). Alterations in gait speed and age do not fully explain the changes in gait mechanics associated with healthy older women. Gait and Posture, 37(4), 586-592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.09.023

Older adults exhibit modified gait patterns compared to the young, adopting movement strategies in response to changes in musculoskeletal function. Investigating the functional mobility of older women is particularly important because of their increa... Read More about Alterations in gait speed and age do not fully explain the changes in gait mechanics associated with healthy older women.

Postural responses during volitional and perturbed dynamic balance tasks in new lower limb amputees: a longitudinal study (2012)
Journal Article
Barnett, C. T., Vanicek, N., & Polman, R. C. J. (2013). Postural responses during volitional and perturbed dynamic balance tasks in new lower limb amputees: a longitudinal study. Gait and Posture, 37(3), (319-325). doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2012.07.023. ISSN 0966-6362

This study examined the adaptation of postural responses in transtibial amputees during both perturbed and volitional dynamic balance tasks during a five-month period following discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Seven unilateral transtibial amp... Read More about Postural responses during volitional and perturbed dynamic balance tasks in new lower limb amputees: a longitudinal study.

Influence of pedaling technique on metabolic efficiency in elite cyclists (2012)
Journal Article
Cámara, J., Maldonado-Martín, S., Artetxe-Gezuraga, X., & Vanicek, N. (2012). Influence of pedaling technique on metabolic efficiency in elite cyclists. Biology of Sport, 29(3), 229-233. https://doi.org/10.5604/20831862.1003448

Our objective was to investigate the influence of pedaling technique on gross efficiency (GE) at various exercise intensities in twelve elite cyclists (V̇O 2max=75.7 ± 6.2 mL•kg -1•min -1). Each cyclist completed a V̇O 2max assessment, skinfold measu... Read More about Influence of pedaling technique on metabolic efficiency in elite cyclists.