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Defining Terrorism in Pakistani Anti-Terrorism Law (2018)
Journal Article
Iqbal, K., & Shah, N. A. (2018). Defining Terrorism in Pakistani Anti-Terrorism Law. Global journal of comparative law, 7(2), 272-302. doi:10.1163/2211906X-00702003

We critically examine the definition of ‘terrorism’ in the Anti-Terrorism 1997 of Pakistan and as it is interpreted by the Supreme Court of Pakistan under the principle of legality in criminal and human rights law standards. We conclude that the defi... Read More

Civil disputes leading to crimes: A baseline study of terrorism affected North Western Pakistan (2017)
Journal Article
Iqbāl, K. A., & Shah, N. (2017). Civil disputes leading to crimes: A baseline study of terrorism affected North Western Pakistan. Australian journal of Asian law, 18(1),

The article explores the relationship between civil disputes and private crimes in two districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which is a hard hit area by terrorism and the war on terror. This article investigates if and why civil injustice may lead people... Read More

Charlie Hebdo : testing the limits of freedom of expression (2017)
Journal Article
Shah, N. A. (2017). Charlie Hebdo : testing the limits of freedom of expression. Muslim World Journal of Human Rights, 14(1), (83-111). doi:10.1515/mwjhr-2017-0007. ISSN 1554-4419

The right to freedom of expression is a qualified right: it allows expression that might ‘offend, shock or disturb’ but prohibits ‘insults’, ‘abusive attacks’ and ‘hate speech’. Applying the Convention test I argue that all cartoons of the Prophet Mu... Read More

The right to a fair trial and the military justice system in Pakistan (2016)
Journal Article
Shah, N. A. (2016). The right to a fair trial and the military justice system in Pakistan. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 7(2), 330-362. doi:10.1163/18781527-00702003

This article analyses the military justice system of Pakistan to determine to what extent it is compatible with fair trial standards recognised by human rights law and the constitution of Pakistan. It sets out the fair trial tests and apply them to t... Read More

Comment The 2006 Women Protection Act of Pakistan: An Analysis (2010)
Journal Article
Shah, N. A. (2010). Comment The 2006 Women Protection Act of Pakistan: An Analysis. Religion and human rights, 5(1), (1-10). doi:10.1163/187103210x513620. ISSN 1871-031X

This note argues that the 1979 Hudood laws of Pakistan, especially the Zina Ordinance were discriminatory and led to the violations of rights of men and women, but women were the hardest hit victims. The new legislation in 2006 has remedied the situa... Read More

Self-defence, anticipatory self-defence and pre-emption: International law's response to terrorism (2007)
Journal Article
Shah, N. A. (2007). Self-defence, anticipatory self-defence and pre-emption: International law's response to terrorism. Journal of conflict & security law, 12(1), (95-126). doi:10.1093/jcsl/krm006. ISSN 1467-7954

This article makes the distinction between self-defence, anticipatory self-defence and pre-emption. It argues against pre-emption. In the presence of article 39 of the Charter the case for pre-emption is not convincing and the current international l... Read More

A phantom based approach to fluoroscopic navigation for orthopaedic surgery (2004)
Book Chapter
Shah, N., Malek, S., Mohsen, A., Sherman, K., Bielby, M., Phillips, R., …Viant, W. (2004). A phantom based approach to fluoroscopic navigation for orthopaedic surgery

The use of the C-arm fluoroscope for surgical navigation in various Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery Systems (CAOS) has been an important success of research into CAOS technology. To use the fluoroscope for quantitative surgical navigation invol... Read More

The Taliban Layeha for Mujahidin and the law of armed conflict
Journal Article
Shah, N. The Taliban Layeha for Mujahidin and the law of armed conflict. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 3(1), (192-229). doi:10.1163/18781527-00301006. ISSN 1878-1373

In 2010 the Taliban issued a third edition of their Layeha. The Layeha contains Rules and Regulations of Jihad for Mujahidin. This article first details the short history of the Layeha published by the Taliban. Subsequently its content is analysed an... Read More