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What are the patterns of compliance with Early Warning Track and Trigger Tools: A narrative review (2018)
Journal Article
Credland, N., Dyson, J., & Johnson, M. J. (2018). What are the patterns of compliance with Early Warning Track and Trigger Tools: A narrative review. Applied nursing research : ANR, 44, 39-47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2018.09.002

© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Background: Early Warning Scores were introduced into acute hospitals in 2000. 99% of acute hospitals employ a EWS to monitor deteriorating patients with 97.9% of these linked to a referral protocol. Despite this high level of ad... Read More

How to remove an endotracheal tube (2016)
Journal Article
Credland, N. (2016). How to remove an endotracheal tube. Nursing standard, 30(36), 31-33. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns.30.36.31.s43

Rationale and key points The decision to remove an endotracheal tube (extubation) is taken when the patient achieves adequate airway control. This requires an effective cough and an acceptable level of consciousness. Practitioners should be able to i... Read More

How to perform open tracheal suction via an endotracheal tube (2016)
Journal Article
Credland, N. (2016). How to perform open tracheal suction via an endotracheal tube. Nursing standard : official newspaper of the Royal College of Nursing, 30(35), 36-38. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns.30.35.36.s46

Rationale and key points Tracheal suction involves the removal of pulmonary secretions from the respiratory tract using negative pressure under sterile conditions. Practitioners should be aware of the indications for, and risks associated with, open... Read More