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Effect of home‐based resistance training performed with or without a high‐speed component in adults with severe obesity (2019)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (in press). Effect of home‐based resistance training performed with or without a high‐speed component in adults with severe obesity. Translational Sports Medicine, https://doi.org/10.1002/tsm2.115

1) To evaluate the effects of walking and home‐based resistance training on function, strength, power, anthropometry and quality of life (QoL) in adults with severe obesity, and 2) to assess whether performing resistance exercises with maximal concen... Read More

The CD105:CD106 microparticle ratio is CD106 dominant in polycystic ovary syndrome compared to type 2 diabetes and healthy subjects (2019)
Journal Article
Al-Qaissi, A., Alqarni, S., Javed, Z., Atkin, S. L., Sathyapalan, T., Vince, R., & Madden, L. A. (2019). The CD105:CD106 microparticle ratio is CD106 dominant in polycystic ovary syndrome compared to type 2 diabetes and healthy subjects. Endocrine, https://doi.org/10.1007/s12020-019-02059-9

Background A retrospective analysis was carried out from patients and controls during the past 5 years from a series of studies investigating endothelial microparticles (MP). Methods In total, 319 samples from 207 individuals were included in th... Read More

The effect of exenatide on cardiovascular risk markers in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Dawson, A. J., Sathyapalan, T., Vince, R., Coady, A., Ajjan, R. A., Kilpatrick, E. S., & Atkin, S. L. (2019). The effect of exenatide on cardiovascular risk markers in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10, https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00189

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with an adverse cardiovascular risk profile including a prothrombotic state. Exenatide has been shown to be effective at improving insulin sensitivity and weight loss in PCOS; therefore this... Read More

Circulating endothelial microparticles reduce in concentration following an exercise programme in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (2019)
Journal Article
Kirk, R. J., Madden, L. A., Peart, D. J., Aye, M. M., Atkin, S. L., & Vince, R. V. (2019). Circulating endothelial microparticles reduce in concentration following an exercise programme in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Frontiers in endocrinology, 10(MAR), https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2019.00200

Purpose: Endothelial dysfunction is a known comorbidity in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The aim was to assess if supervised, moderate intensity exercise could potentially impact markers of endothelial disruption; endothelial cell deri... Read More

Can sit-to-stand muscle power explain the ability to perform functional tasks in adults with severe obesity? (2018)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2019). Can sit-to-stand muscle power explain the ability to perform functional tasks in adults with severe obesity?. Journal of sports sciences, 37(11), 1227-1234. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2018.1553500

This study examined the relationship between sit-to-stand (STS) power and physical function in adults with severe obesity. Thirty-eight adults (age: 44 ± 12 years; body mass index [BMI]: 45.2 ± 7.8 kg/m2) completed evaluations of STS power, strength... Read More

Dynamic change in insulin resistance induced by free fatty acids is unchanged though insulin sensitivity improves following endurance exercise in PCOS (2018)
Journal Article
Aye, M. M., Butler, A. E., Kilpatrick, E. S., Kirk, R., Vince, R., Rigby, A. S., …Atkin, S. L. (2018). Dynamic change in insulin resistance induced by free fatty acids is unchanged though insulin sensitivity improves following endurance exercise in PCOS. Frontiers in endocrinology, 9(OCT), https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2018.00592

Background: Insulin resistance (IR) is the hallmark of PCOS and it is known that exercise may decrease it. What is unknown is whether exercise may mechanistically alter the underlying IR, attenuating the dynamic lipid induced IR in insulin resistant... Read More

Test-Retest reliability of a commercial linear position transducer (GymAware PowerTool) to measure velocity and power in the Back Squat and Bench Press (2018)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Metcalfe, J. W., Vince, R. V., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Liefeith, A. (2018). Test-Retest reliability of a commercial linear position transducer (GymAware PowerTool) to measure velocity and power in the Back Squat and Bench Press. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 1. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002715

Orange, ST, Metcalfe, JW, Marshall, P, Vince, RV, Madden, LA, and Liefeith, A. Test-retest reliability of a commercial linear position transducer (GymAware PowerTool) to measure velocity and power in the back squat and bench press. J Strength Cond Re... Read More

Validity and reliability of a wearable inertial sensor to measure velocity and power in the back squat and bench press (2018)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Metcalfe, J. W., Liefeith, A., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., Fewster, C. R., & Vince, R. V. (2019). Validity and reliability of a wearable inertial sensor to measure velocity and power in the back squat and bench press. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 33(9), 2398–2408. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002574

This study examined the validity and reliability of a wearable inertial sensor to measure velocity and power in the free-weight back squat and bench press. Twenty-nine youth rugby league players (18 ± 1 years) completed 2 test-retest sessions for the... Read More

Exercise prehabilitation in elective intra-cavity surgery: A role within the ERAS pathway? A narrative review (2018)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Northgraves, M. J., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2018). Exercise prehabilitation in elective intra-cavity surgery: A role within the ERAS pathway? A narrative review. International journal of surgery, 56, 328-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2018.04.054

The Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) model integrates several elements of perioperative care into a standardised clinical pathway for surgical patients. ERAS programmes aim to reduce the rate of complications, improve surgical recovery, and lim... Read More

The short-term training and detraining effects of supervised versus unsupervised resistance exercise in aging adults (2018)
Journal Article
Orange, S. T., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2018). The short-term training and detraining effects of supervised versus unsupervised resistance exercise in aging adults. Journal of strength and conditioning research, https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002536

This study compared the effects of a 4-week supervised (SUP) and unsupervised (UNSUP) resistance training programme followed by 12 weeks of detraining (DET). Thirty-six healthy aging adults (age: 53.6 ± 3.6 years; body mass index: 28.3 ± 5.1 kg/m2) w... Read More

The test-retest reliability of four functional mobility tests in apparently healthy adults (2016)
Journal Article
Northgraves, M. J., Hayes, S. C., Marshall, P., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2016). The test-retest reliability of four functional mobility tests in apparently healthy adults. Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 24(3), 171-179. https://doi.org/10.3233/ies-160614

Background: Simple field tests are often used to assess functional mobility in clinical settings. Despite having many benefits, these tests are susceptible to measurement error and individual variation. Objectives: To examine the test-retest and abso... Read More

Implications of a pre-exercise alkalosis-mediated attenuation of HSP72 on its response to a subsequent bout of exercise (2015)
Journal Article
Peart, D. J., Kirk, R. J., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2016). Implications of a pre-exercise alkalosis-mediated attenuation of HSP72 on its response to a subsequent bout of exercise. Amino acids, 48(2), 499-504. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-015-2103-1

The aim of this study was to investigate if a pre-exercise alkalosis-mediated attenuation of HSP72 had any effect on the response of the same stress protein after a subsequent exercise. Seven physically active males [25.0 ± 6.5 years, 182.1 ± 6.0 cm,... Read More

Investigating strength and range of motion of the hip complex in ice hockey athletes (2015)
Journal Article
Vince, R. V., White, H. S. F., Wilcox, C. R. J., & Osgood, C. T. (2015). Investigating strength and range of motion of the hip complex in ice hockey athletes. Journal of sport rehabilitation, 24(3), 300-306. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.2014-0175

CONTEXT: Ice hockey athletes frequently injure the hip complex via a non-contact mechanism. We investigated patterns of strength and range of motion (ROM) to establish major differences compared to soccer athletes. Soccer athletes were compared to ic... Read More

Apolipoprotein E ε4 allele modulates the immediate impact of acute exercise on prefrontal function (2014)
Journal Article
De Marco, M., Clough, P. J., Dyer, C. E., Vince, R. V., Waby, J. S., Midgley, A. W., & Venneri, A. (2015). Apolipoprotein E ε4 allele modulates the immediate impact of acute exercise on prefrontal function. Behavior Genetics, 45(1), 106-116. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10519-014-9675-5

The difference between Apolipoprotein E ε4 carriers and non-carriers in response to single exercise sessions was tested. Stroop and Posner tasks were administered to young untrained women immediately after walking sessions or moderately heavy exercis... Read More

Effect of lactate supplementation and sodium bicarbonate on 40-km cycling time trial performance. (2014)
Journal Article
Northgraves, M., Peart, D. J., Jordan, C. A., & Vince, R. V. (2014). Effect of lactate supplementation and sodium bicarbonate on 40-km cycling time trial performance. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 28(1), 273–280. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0b013e3182986a4c

The use of nutritional supplements to improve sporting performance and increase training adaptations is commonplace among athletes and is an expanding market in terms of product choice and availability. The purpose of this study was to examine the ef... Read More

A comparison of cardiovascular risk indices in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome with and without coexisting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (2013)
Journal Article
Dawson, A. J., Sathyapalan, T., Smithson, J. A. J., Vince, R. V., Coady, A., Ajjan, R., …Atkin, S. L. (2014). A comparison of cardiovascular risk indices in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome with and without coexisting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Clinical Endocrinology, 80(6), 843-849. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.12258

Background Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have an adverse cardiovascular risk profile and an increased prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is also associated with an adverse cardiovascular risk profile. Obje... Read More

Repeated supra-maximal sprint cycling with and without sodium bicarbonate supplementation induces endothelial microparticle release (2013)
Journal Article
Kirk, R. J., Peart, D. J., Madden, L. A., & Vince, R. V. (2014). Repeated supra-maximal sprint cycling with and without sodium bicarbonate supplementation induces endothelial microparticle release. European journal of sport science : the official journal of the European College of Sport Science, 14(4), 345-352. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2013.785600

Under normal homeostatic conditions, the endothelium releases microparticles (MP), which are known to increase under stressful conditions and in disease states. CD105 (endoglin) and CD106 (vascular cell adhesion molecule-1) are expressed on the surfa... Read More

Polycystic ovary syndrome has no independent effect on vascular, inflammatory or thrombotic markers when matched for obesity (2013)
Journal Article
Kahal, H., Aburima, A., Ungvari, T., Rigby, A. S., Dawson, A. J., Coady, A. M., …Atkin, S. L. (2013). Polycystic ovary syndrome has no independent effect on vascular, inflammatory or thrombotic markers when matched for obesity. Clinical Endocrinology, 79(2), 252-258. https://doi.org/10.1111/cen.12137

Introduction Previous studies investigating cardiovascular (CV) risk in obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been potentially confounded by not adequately accounting for body weight. Objective To assess if PCOS increases CV risk ind... Read More

Exercise-induced dehydration with and without environmental heat stress results in increased oxidative stress (2011)
Journal Article
Hillman, A. R., Vince, R. V., Taylor, L., McNaughton, L., Mitchell, N., & Siegler, J. (2011). Exercise-induced dehydration with and without environmental heat stress results in increased oxidative stress. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 36(5), (698-706). doi:10.1139/h11-080. ISSN 1715-5312

While in vitro work has revealed that dehydration and hyperthermia can elicit increased cellular and oxidative stress, in vivo research linking dehydration, hyperthermia, and oxidative stress is limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate t... Read More

The effect of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on heat shock protein 72 expression following in vitro stress in human monocytes (2010)
Journal Article
Vince, R. V., Midgley, A. W., Laden, G., & Madden, L. A. (2011). The effect of hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on heat shock protein 72 expression following in vitro stress in human monocytes. Cell Stress and Chaperones, 16(3), 339-343. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12192-010-0246-2

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is thought to confer protection to cells via a cellular response to free radicals. This process may involve increased expression of heat shock proteins, in particular the highly inducible heat shock protein 72 (Hsp72). Healthy... Read More