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Alternative histories and futures of International Fisheries Law (2018)
Book Chapter
Barnes, R. (in press). Alternative histories and futures of International Fisheries Law. In Strengthening International Fisheries Law in an era of changing oceansBloomsbury Publishing

Counterfactual thinking is used to analyse historical events or the effectiveness of political regimes. It is also used to show the contingency of events. What if we were to apply counterfactual thinking to the international regulation of fisheries?... Read More

The proposed LOSC implementation agreement on areas beyond national jurisdiction and its impact on international fisheries law (2016)
Journal Article
Barnes, R. (2016). The proposed LOSC implementation agreement on areas beyond national jurisdiction and its impact on international fisheries law. International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 31(4), 583-619. doi:10.1163/15718085-12341411

As the development of an implementation agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction gathers pace, it is important to consider how this might impact upon international fisheries law. A... Read More

Is climate change an unforeseen, irresistible and external factor – A force majeure in marine environmental law? (2016)
Journal Article
Saul, R., Barnes, R., & Elliott, M. (2016). Is climate change an unforeseen, irresistible and external factor – A force majeure in marine environmental law?. Marine pollution bulletin, 113(1-2), (25-35). doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.06.074. ISSN 0025-326X

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Several environmental laws include provisions on natural causes or force majeure, which except States from their commitments if it can be proven that the failure to meet the commitment is due to factors outside their control. The... Read More

Renewables-to-reefs? – Decommissioning options for the offshore wind power industry (2014)
Journal Article
Smyth, K., Christie, N., Burdon, D., Atkins, J. P., Barnes, R., & Elliott, M. (2015). Renewables-to-reefs? – Decommissioning options for the offshore wind power industry. Marine pollution bulletin, 90(1-2), 247-258. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.10.045

The offshore wind power industry is relatively new but increasing globally, hence it is important that the whole life-cycle is managed. The construction–operation–decommissioning cycle is likely to take 20– 30 years and whilst decommissioning may not... Read More

Co-location of activities and designations: A means of solving or creating problems in marine spatial planning? (2013)
Journal Article
Christie, N., Smyth, K., Barnes, R., & Elliott, M. (2014). Co-location of activities and designations: A means of solving or creating problems in marine spatial planning?. Marine Policy, 43, (254-261). doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2013.06.002. ISSN 0308-597x

Worldwide demand for energy is growing and predicted to increase by up to three times by 2050. Renewable energy will play a vital role in meeting this demand whilst maintaining global climate change targets. Around the British Isles, development of w... Read More

The capacity of property rights to accommodate social-ecological resilience (2013)
Journal Article
Barnes, R. A. (2013). The capacity of property rights to accommodate social-ecological resilience. Ecology and Society, 18(1), doi:10.5751/es-05292-180106. ISSN 1708-3087

Here, I consider how social-ecological resilience can be facilitated by the use of property rights. Taking a legal perspective on the use of different forms of property, I consider how property rules can manifest the attributes of flexibility, respon... Read More

International Regulation of Fisheries Management in Arctic Waters
Journal Article
Barnes, R. International Regulation of Fisheries Management in Arctic Waters. Jahrbuch fur internationales Recht. German yearbook of international law, 54, (193-230). ISSN 0021-3993

Climate change has opened up the possibility of new fisheries in Arctic waters. There are governance gaps in existing international and regional instruments as they apply to Arctic waters. Existing regimes might be adapted or a new Arctic RFMO create... Read More