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Barriers to increasing the physical activity of people with intellectual disabilities (2016)
Journal Article
Cartwright, L., Reid, M., Hammersley, R., & Walley, R. M. (2017). Barriers to increasing the physical activity of people with intellectual disabilities. British Journal of Learning Disabilities, 45(1), 47-55. https://doi.org/10.1111/bld.12175

© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Accessible summary: We talked to people with intellectual disabilities and their carers about being healthy. Sometimes it was difficult for people with intellectual disabilities to take part in activities that would hel... Read More

Ranking the harm of non-medically used prescription opioids in the UK (2015)
Journal Article
van Amsterdam, J., Phillips, L., Henderson, G., Bell, J., Bowden-Jones, O., Hammersley, R., …Nutt, D. (2015). Ranking the harm of non-medically used prescription opioids in the UK. Regulatory toxicology and pharmacology : RTP, 73(3), 999-1004. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yrtph.2015.09.014

A panel of nine experts applied multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) to determine the relative overall harm to users and harms to others of street heroin (injected and smoked) and eleven non-medically used prescription opioids. The experts assesse... Read More

Trauma in the childhood stories of people who have injected drugs (2015)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R., Dalgarno, P., McCollum, S., Reid, M., Strike, Y., Smith, A., …Liddell, D. (2016). Trauma in the childhood stories of people who have injected drugs. Addiction research & theory, 24(2), 135-151. https://doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2015.1093120

Aim: To document childhood trauma in the life stories of people who have injected drugs. Method: Fifty-five participants (38 m, 17 f) recruited via Scottish recovery networks, who had injected drugs in the previous five years, were interviewed by pee... Read More

Aspartame sensitivity? : a double blind randomised crossover study (2015)
Journal Article
Sathyapalan, T., Thatcher, N. J., Hammersley, R., Rigby, A. S., Pechlivanis, A., Gooderham, N. J., …Courts, F. (2015). Aspartame sensitivity? : a double blind randomised crossover study. PloS one, 10(3), e0116212. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0116212

Background Aspartame is a commonly used intense artificial sweetener, being approximately 200 times sweeter than sucrose. There have been concerns over aspartame since approval in the 1980s including a large anecdotal database reporting severe sympto... Read More

Food choice by people with intellectual disabilities at day centres: A qualitative study (2014)
Journal Article
Cartwright, L., Reid, M., Hammersley, R., Blackburn, C., & Glover, L. (2015). Food choice by people with intellectual disabilities at day centres: A qualitative study. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 19(2), 103-115. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744629514563423

People with intellectual disabilities experience a range of health inequalities. It is important to investigate possible contributory factors that may lead to these inequalities. This qualitative study identified some difficulties for healthy eating... Read More

How to measure mood in nutrition research (2014)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R., Reid, M., & Atkin, S. L. (2014). How to measure mood in nutrition research. Nutrition research reviews, 27(2), 284-294. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954422414000201

© 2014 The Authors. Mood is widely assessed in nutrition research, usually with rating scales. A core assumption is that positive mood reinforces ingestion, so it is important to measure mood well. Four relevant theoretical issues are reviewed: (i) t... Read More

Effects on obese women of the sugar sucrose added to the diet over 28 d: a quasi-randomised, single-blind, controlled trial (2013)
Journal Article
Reid, M., Hammersley, R., Duffy, M., & Ballantyne, C. (2014). Effects on obese women of the sugar sucrose added to the diet over 28 d: a quasi-randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. British Journal of Nutrition, 111(3), 563-570. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0007114513002687

To investigate whether obese women can compensate for sucrose added to the diet when it is given blind, rather than gaining weight or exhibiting dysfunctional regulation of intake, in the present study, forty-one healthy obese (BMI 30–35 kg/m2) women... Read More

Constraint theory: A cognitive, motivational theory of dependence (2013)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R. (2014). Constraint theory: A cognitive, motivational theory of dependence. Addiction research & theory, 22(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2013.779678

Aims: A new theory of substance dependence is presented that models dependence as the absence of cognitive constraints on substance use. Methods: (1) Critical review of the predominant paradigm that assumes that substance dependence is a pathological... Read More

Drugs (2012)
Book
Dalgarno, P., & Hammersley, R. (2012). Drugs. Dunedin Academic Press

Pathways through drugs and crime: desistance, trauma and resilience (2011)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R. (2011). Pathways through drugs and crime: desistance, trauma and resilience. Journal of Criminal Justice, 39(3), (268-272). doi:10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2011.02.006. ISSN 0047-2352

Purpose: To develop theoretical understandings of pathways through drugs and crime. Method: Critical and theoretical review. Content: Discourse about drugs and crime tends to focus either on delinquency, nowadays including some drug use, or on drug d... Read More

Susanne MacGregor (ed.) (2010), Responding to Drug Misuse: Research and Policy Priorities in Health and Social Care. Hove, Sussex: Routledge. £39, pp. 247, hbk. (2010)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R. (2011). Susanne MacGregor (ed.) (2010), Responding to Drug Misuse: Research and Policy Priorities in Health and Social Care. Hove, Sussex: Routledge. £39, pp. 247, hbk. Journal of Social Policy, 40(1), 202-203. doi:10.1017/s0047279410000802

This article begins by examining the possible meanings of ‘sustainability’, and argues that most meanings are prescriptive rather than descriptive in nature: they tend, either overtly or covertly, to recommend the particular end-states that writers d... Read More

Effects of sucrose drinks on macronutrient intake, body weight, and mood state in overweight women over 4 weeks (2010)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R., Reid, M., & Duffy, M. (2010). Effects of sucrose drinks on macronutrient intake, body weight, and mood state in overweight women over 4 weeks. Appetite, 55(1), (130-136). doi:10.1016/j.appet.2010.05.001. ISSN 0195-6663

The long-term effects of sucrose on appetite and mood remain unclear. Normal weight subjects compensate for sucrose added blind to the diet (Reid et al., 2007). Overweight subjects, however, may differ. In a single-blind, between-subjects design, sof... Read More

Managing eating disorder patients in primary care in the UK: A qualitative study (2009)
Journal Article
Reid, M., Williams, S., & Hammersley, R. (2009). Managing eating disorder patients in primary care in the UK: A qualitative study. Eating Disorders, 18(1), 1-9. doi:10.1080/10640260903439441

It is the general practitioner's (GP's) responsibility to diagnose and manage the care of eating disorder patients but recent surveys suggest that there may be problems. In this qualitative study we have explored the perceptions of 20 GPs. In general... Read More

Theorising transient mood after ingestion (2009)
Journal Article
Hammersley, R., & Reid, M. (2009). Theorising transient mood after ingestion. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 33(3), (213-222). doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2008.07.010. ISSN 0149-7634

Ingesting foods or drugs can alter rated mood. Moods have been theorised as reinforcers that cause ingestion. This assumption may be incompatible with the current two-system models of affect, where 'moods' are less intense yet more protracted than em... Read More

Eating disorders patients' views on their disorders and on an outpatient service: A qualitative study (2008)
Journal Article
Reid, M., Burr, J., Williams, S., & Hammersley, R. (2008). Eating disorders patients' views on their disorders and on an outpatient service: A qualitative study. Journal of health psychology, 13(7), 956-960. doi:10.1177/1359105308095070

The objective of the study was to determine sufferers' views of outpatient treatment for eating disorders and provide practical recommendations for treatment practice. Twenty NHS outpatients participated in semi-structured interviews, which were subj... Read More