Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

The effect of Schmidt number on gravity current flows: The formation of large-scale three-dimensional structures (2021)
Journal Article
Marshall, C. R., Dorrell, R. M., Dutta, S., Keevil, G. M., Peakall, J., & Tobias, S. M. (2021). The effect of Schmidt number on gravity current flows: The formation of large-scale three-dimensional structures. Physics of Fluids, 33(10), https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0064386

The Schmidt number, defined as the ratio of scalar to momentum diffusivity, varies by multiple orders of magnitude in real-world flows, with large differences in scalar diffusivity between temperature, solute, and sediment driven flows. This is espec... Read More about The effect of Schmidt number on gravity current flows: The formation of large-scale three-dimensional structures.

Equilibrium sediment transport by dilute turbidity currents: Comparison of competence-based and capacity-based models (2021)
Journal Article
Amy, L., & Dorrell, R. (in press). Equilibrium sediment transport by dilute turbidity currents: Comparison of competence-based and capacity-based models. Sedimentology, https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12921

Equilibrium sediment transport is the condition of zero net entrainment and deposition by sediment-transporting flow (i.e. grade or regime). Here criteria for equilibrium sediment transport, or those used as proxies for equilibrium (for example, onse... Read More about Equilibrium sediment transport by dilute turbidity currents: Comparison of competence-based and capacity-based models.

Observations of large-scale coherent structures in gravity currents: implications for flow dynamics (2021)
Journal Article
Marshall, C. R., Dorrell, R. M., Keevil, G. M., Peakall, J., & Tobias, S. M. (2021). Observations of large-scale coherent structures in gravity currents: implications for flow dynamics. Experiments in Fluids, 62(6), https://doi.org/10.1007/s00348-021-03217-4

Density driven flows, also known as gravity currents, comprise a head, body, and tail. Yet whilst the body typically forms the largest part of such flows, its structure remains poorly understood. In this work, experimental data gathered using particl... Read More about Observations of large-scale coherent structures in gravity currents: implications for flow dynamics.

Hydrodynamic efficiency in sharks: the combined role of riblets and denticles (2021)
Journal Article
Lloyd, C. J., Peakall, J., Burns, A., Keevil, G., Dorrell, R. M., Wignall, P., & Fletcher, T. (2021). Hydrodynamic efficiency in sharks: the combined role of riblets and denticles. Bioinspiration&biomimetics, 16(4), https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/abf3b1

We investigate the influence of smooth and ribletted shark skin on a turbulent boundary layer flow. Through Laser Doppler Anemometry the role of riblets in combination with the shark skin denticle is established for the first time. Our results show t... Read More about Hydrodynamic efficiency in sharks: the combined role of riblets and denticles.

A new modelling approach to sediment bypass prediction applied to the East Coast Basin, New Zealand (2020)
Journal Article
Crisóstomo-Figueroa, A., McArthur, A. D., Dorrell, R. M., Amy, L., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2021). A new modelling approach to sediment bypass prediction applied to the East Coast Basin, New Zealand. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 133(7-8), 1734-1748. https://doi.org/10.1130/B35687.1

Predicting when turbidity currents are erosional or depositional (i.e., leaving no depositional record versus leaving a deposit) remains challenging. Here we combine observations from submarine channel morphology with a new sediment transport model t... Read More about A new modelling approach to sediment bypass prediction applied to the East Coast Basin, New Zealand.

Equilibrium sediment transport, grade and discharge for suspended-load-dominated flows on Earth, Mars and Titan (2020)
Journal Article
Amy, L., & Dorrell, R. (2021). Equilibrium sediment transport, grade and discharge for suspended-load-dominated flows on Earth, Mars and Titan. Icarus, 360, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2020.114243

© 2020 The Authors Recent surface observations have emphasised the importance of bedload transport by rivers and streams on Mars and Titan. Previous “hydraulic” analysis, however, has also shown that transport as suspended load should be possible, if... Read More about Equilibrium sediment transport, grade and discharge for suspended-load-dominated flows on Earth, Mars and Titan.

Relating the Flow Processes and Bedforms of Steady-State and Waning Density Currents (2020)
Journal Article
de Cala, I., Ohata, K., Dorrell, R., Naruse, H., Patacci, M., Amy, L. A., …McCaffrey, W. D. (2020). Relating the Flow Processes and Bedforms of Steady-State and Waning Density Currents. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.535743

© Copyright© 2020 de Cala, Ohata, Dorrell, Naruse, Patacci, Amy, Simmons, McLelland and McCaffrey. The interaction between turbidity currents and mobile substrates can lead to the development of different types of bedforms. Although much research has... Read More about Relating the Flow Processes and Bedforms of Steady-State and Waning Density Currents.

Turbulence Processes within Turbidity Currents (2020)
Journal Article
Wells, M. G., & Dorrell, R. M. (2021). Turbulence Processes within Turbidity Currents. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 53(1), 59-83. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-fluid-010719-060309

Sediment-laden gravity currents, or turbidity currents, are density-driven flows that transport vast quantities of particulate material across the floor of lakes and oceans. Turbidity currents are generated by slope failure or initiated when a sedime... Read More about Turbulence Processes within Turbidity Currents.

An integrated process-based model of flutes and tool marks in deep-water environments: Implications for palaeohydraulics, the Bouma sequence and hybrid event beds (2020)
Journal Article
Clare, M. A., Peakall, J., Lee, D. R., Best, J., Dorrell, R. M., Baas, J. H., …Talling, P. J. (2020). An integrated process-based model of flutes and tool marks in deep-water environments: Implications for palaeohydraulics, the Bouma sequence and hybrid event beds. Sedimentology, https://doi.org/10.1111/sed.12727

Flutes and tool marks are commonly observed sedimentary structures on the bases of sandstones in deep‐water successions. These sole structures are universally used as palaeocurrent indicators but, in sharp contrast to most sedimentary structures, the... Read More about An integrated process-based model of flutes and tool marks in deep-water environments: Implications for palaeohydraulics, the Bouma sequence and hybrid event beds.

Numerical errors at walls: on the sensitivity of RANS models to near-wall cell size (2020)
Journal Article
Lloyd, C. J., Peakall, J., Burns, A. D., Keevil, G. M., & Dorrell, R. M. (in press). Numerical errors at walls: on the sensitivity of RANS models to near-wall cell size. International Journal of Computational Fluid Dynamics, 34(3), 204-225. https://doi.org/10.1080/10618562.2020.1732941

The sensitivity of a large range of turbulence closures to the near-wall grid resolution is assessed through analytical and numerical techniques. We determine model boundedness, limiting behaviour, and solution dependence of channel flow simulations... Read More about Numerical errors at walls: on the sensitivity of RANS models to near-wall cell size.

Influence of Coriolis force upon bottom boundary layers in a large‐scale gravity current experiment: Implications for evolution of sinuous deep‐water channel systems (2020)
Journal Article
Davarpanah Jazi, S., Wells, M., Peakall, J., Dorrell, R., Thomas, R., Keevil, G., …Valran, T. (2020). Influence of Coriolis force upon bottom boundary layers in a large‐scale gravity current experiment: Implications for evolution of sinuous deep‐water channel systems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125(3), https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015284

Oceanic density currents in many deep-water channels are strongly influenced by the Coriolis force. The dynamics of the bottom-boundary layer in large geostrophic flows, and low Rossby number turbidity currents, are very important for determining the... Read More about Influence of Coriolis force upon bottom boundary layers in a large‐scale gravity current experiment: Implications for evolution of sinuous deep‐water channel systems.

Pulse propagation in gravity currents (2020)
Journal Article
Allen, P. A., Dorrell, R. M., Harlen, O. G., Thomas, R. E., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2020). Pulse propagation in gravity currents. Physics of Fluids, 32(1), https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5130576

Real world gravity current flows rarely exist as a single discrete event, but are instead made up of multiple surges. This paper examines the propagation of surges as pulses in gravity currents. Using theoretical shallow-water modeling, we analyze th... Read More about Pulse propagation in gravity currents.

Quantifying faulting and base level controls on syn-rift sedimentation using stratigraphic architectures of coeval, adjacent Early-Middle Pleistocene fan deltas in Lake Corinth, Greece (2019)
Journal Article
Barrett, B. J., Collier, R. E., Hodgson, D. M., Gawthorpe, R. L., Dorrell, R. M., & Cullen, T. M. (in press). Quantifying faulting and base level controls on syn-rift sedimentation using stratigraphic architectures of coeval, adjacent Early-Middle Pleistocene fan deltas in Lake Corinth, Greece. Basin Research, https://doi.org/10.1111/bre.12356

Quantification of allogenic controls in rift basin‐fills requires analysis of multiple depositional systems because of marked along‐strike changes in depositional architecture. Here, we compare two coeval Early‐Middle Pleistocene syn‐rift fan deltas... Read More about Quantifying faulting and base level controls on syn-rift sedimentation using stratigraphic architectures of coeval, adjacent Early-Middle Pleistocene fan deltas in Lake Corinth, Greece.

Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents (2019)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Peakall, J., Darby, S. E., Parsons, D. R., Johnson, J., Sumner, E. J., …Tezcan, D. (2019). Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents. Nature communications, 10(1), https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09254-2

Gravity currents are the primary means by which sediments, solutes and heat are transported across the ocean-floor. Existing theory of gravity current flow employs a statistically-stable model of turbulent diffusion that has been extant since the 196... Read More about Self-sharpening induces jet-like structure in seafloor gravity currents.

The structure and entrainment characteristics of partially-confined gravity currents (2019)
Journal Article
Kelly, R. W., Dorrell, R. M., Burns, A. D., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2019). The structure and entrainment characteristics of partially-confined gravity currents. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124(3), 2110-2125. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JC014042

Seafloor channels are the main conduit for turbidity currents transporting sediment to the deep ocean and they can extend for thousands of kilometres along the ocean floor. Although it is common for channel‐traversing turbidity currents to spill onto... Read More about The structure and entrainment characteristics of partially-confined gravity currents.

Dynamics and Deposition of Sediment-Bearing Multi- Pulsed Flows and Geological Implication (2019)
Journal Article
Ho, V. L., Dorrell, R. M., Keevil, G. M., Thomas, R. E., Burns, A. D., Baas, J. H., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2019). Dynamics and Deposition of Sediment-Bearing Multi- Pulsed Flows and Geological Implication. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 8(11), 1127-1139. https://doi.org/10.2110/jsr.2019.62

Copyright © 2019, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Previous studies on dilute, multi-pulsed, subaqueous saline flows have demonstrated that pulses will inevitably advect forwards to merge with the flow front. On the assumption that pulse mergin... Read More about Dynamics and Deposition of Sediment-Bearing Multi- Pulsed Flows and Geological Implication.

Inflation of ponded, particulate laden density currents (2018)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Patacci, M., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2018). Inflation of ponded, particulate laden density currents. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 88(11), 1276-1282. https://doi.org/10.2110/jsr.2018.65

Field-based, physical modeling and analytical research approaches currently suggest that topographically confined particle-laden density currents commonly inflate to produce suspension clouds that generate tabular and texturally homogeneous sedimenta... Read More about Inflation of ponded, particulate laden density currents.

Optimisation of flow resistance and turbulent mixing over bed forms (2018)
Journal Article
Arfaie, A., Burns, A., Dorrell, R., Ingham, D., Eggenhuisen, J., & McCaffrey, W. (2018). Optimisation of flow resistance and turbulent mixing over bed forms. Environmental modelling & software : with environment data news, 107, 141-147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.06.002

Previous work on the interplay between turbulent mixing and flow resistance for flows over periodic rib roughness elements is extended to consider the flow over idealized shapes representative of naturally occurring sedimentary bed forms. The primary... Read More about Optimisation of flow resistance and turbulent mixing over bed forms.

Scaling analysis of multipulsed turbidity current evolution with application to turbidite interpretation (2018)
Journal Article
Ho, V. L., Dorrell, R. M., Keevil, G. M., Burns, A. D., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2018). Scaling analysis of multipulsed turbidity current evolution with application to turbidite interpretation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123(5), 3668-3684. https://doi.org/10.1029/2017jc013463

Deposits of submarine turbidity currents, turbidites, commonly exhibit upward‐fining grain size profiles reflecting deposition under waning flow conditions. However, more complex grading patterns such as multiple cycles of inverse‐to‐normal grading a... Read More about Scaling analysis of multipulsed turbidity current evolution with application to turbidite interpretation.

Particle Size Distribution Controls the Threshold Between Net Sediment Erosion and Deposition in Suspended Load Dominated Flows (2018)
Journal Article
Dorrell, R. M., Amy, L. A., Peakall, J., & McCaffrey, W. D. (2018). Particle Size Distribution Controls the Threshold Between Net Sediment Erosion and Deposition in Suspended Load Dominated Flows. Geophysical research letters, 45(3), 1443-1452. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017gl076489

©2018. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The central problem of describing most environmental and industrial flows is predicting when material is entrained into, or deposited from, suspension. The threshold between erosional and deposi... Read More about Particle Size Distribution Controls the Threshold Between Net Sediment Erosion and Deposition in Suspended Load Dominated Flows.